How to Become a Judge in India | Skills, Responsibilities, Salary, Job Opportunities, Career Growth, List of Best Law Schools

How to Become a Judge in India

How to Become a Judge in India: In India, becoming a judge or a magistrate is one of the most respected/coveted positions one could wish for. In a democratic country like ours, where the judiciary is independent, becoming a judge is a source of pride and responsibility. The operation and effectiveness of the judicial system are dependent on the performance of the judges.

Refer to Course Details to know more about related courses and find details like Admission Process, Eligibility Criteria, etc. In this article, you will know about the career of becoming a judge in India.

Table of Contents

What Does a Judge Do?

A Judge is a person who has authority in courtroom proceedings. A judge’s powers and responsibilities differ depending on the jurisdiction. Each case brought before a judge carries a variety of values, emotions, and stakes.

A judge is in charge of deciding the fate of both the plaintiff and the accused. While some roles are performed in the courtroom during trials, much of the work, such as seeking opinions, conducting research, and discussing cases, is done behind closed doors in chambers.

Judge primary responsibilities include the following,

  • Supervising trials and listening to prosecutors’ and defendants’ allegations, witness testimonies, and so on.
  • A judge will also inform/remind the defendant/plaintiff of their legal rights.
  • The judge also has the authority to rule on evidence admissibility.
  • They also give instructions to the jury and decide whether the defendant is guilty or innocent.
  • The sentences or punishments are then decided by a judge. They also decide how long the sentence will be.
  • The chief justice’s decision is final. All of these decisions are based on a thorough understanding of the trial.

Apart from the above responsibilities in the courtroom, a judge is the constitutional guardian and protector of fundamental rights. This means that any state or central government conflict will be reviewed by the judiciary while all rights and laws are upheld.

Eligibility Requirements for Becoming Judge

To become a judge in India, one should satisfy the following eligibility requirements:

  • Contenders need to be proficient in reading, writing, and speaking in the state language.
  • Also, they should know to translate the State language into English and vice versa.
  • The age of the aspirant should not be less than 21 years and not more than 35 years.
  • Educational Qualification: One should have a law degree (LLB).

How to Become a Judge in India?

The Indian judicial system is integrated into Supreme Court, high courts (national level), and subordinate courts (state level). Since each court has a unique set of judges, the eligibility and powers of each court differ. The process of becoming a judge in India under various courts are given below:

How to Become a Judge in Supreme Court in India?

The Supreme Court, also known as the Apex Court, is the top court in India, with judges appointed by the President of India. Below are some of the qualifications to become a judge in the supreme court in India,

  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
  • The candidate must hold an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He/she must have served as a High Court judge for at least 5 years or as a High Court advocate for at least 10 years.
  • Apart from these, a person is also eligible if the president considers him or her to be an exceptional jurist.

How to Become a Judge in High Court in India?

The state’s judicial administration is led by the High court. Below are some of the qualifications to become a judge in the high court in India,

  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
  • The candidate must hold an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He or she must have served as a judge in India for ten years or as an advocate in a high court for ten years.

How to Become a Judge in Subordinate Court in India?

Subordinate courts are the courts at the district level. Below are some of the qualifications to become a judge in the subordinate court in India,

  • The candidate must hold an LLB/LLM degree.
  • He or she must have passed the state Public Service Commission exam.

How to Get a Law Degree?

The first step towards a job as a judge is to obtain a law degree. A bachelor’s degree in law – LLB is required to succeed in the area. Several reputable law schools across the world offer LLB programmes, which represent the start of your path to becoming a judge.

The CLAT exam is required for admission to India’s premier law schools. However, if you want to study law at one of the top schools in the world, such as Harvard, Yale, Oxford, or Cambridge, you will need to pass the LSAT exam. Preparing for the LSAT might be difficult, but passing the exam will ensure you receive the best legal education possible.

Also Check:

India’s Best Law Schools List

The basic and first step in becoming a judge is to obtain an LLB or LLM degree. Numerous colleges in India prepare you to be a qualified lawyer and judge. The following is a list of India’s best law schools,

  • National Law School of India University, Banglore
  • National Law University, Delhi
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • National Law University, Rajasthan
  • The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences
  • Symbiosis Law School. Pune
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi
  • The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab

Experience as Judge

When considering how to become a judge, it’s important to remember that prior professional experience is required. Judges are confronted with a wide range of matters in the courtroom, which can be challenging at times. The smallest misjudgment due to inexperience can seriously compromise the delivery of justice.

This is why highly qualified candidates are chosen for the position. To ensure that a highly experienced professional oversees a case, the candidate must meet a set of requirements before being appointed as a Judge in a courtroom.

Before becoming a judge, the majority of legal professionals work as attorneys. Before taking the exam for a judgeship, a lawyer can specialize in many fields like below,

  • Immigration Law,
  • Civil Rights Law
  • Environmental Law
  • Corporate Law
  • Tax Law
  • Intellectual Property Law

Pass a Licensure Examination

After earning your bachelor’s degree in law, you must qualify for the Judicial Services Exam or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination. The highlights of the exam are given below,

  • The age limit for the exam ranges from 21 to 35 years old.
  • To be eligible for the exam, you must have an LLB degree and at least 7 years of work experience.
  • The exam is divided into three stages: preliminary, mains, and interviews.
  • The questions in the preliminary exam are objective, whereas the questions in the main exam are subjective.
  • The exam is administered in approximately 24 Indian states, each with its own set of eligibility requirements.
  • The syllabus for the licensure exam includes subjective topics such as Criminal Law, Penal Code, and the Constitution, in addition to General Knowledge, Aptitude and Reasoning, and Language.

Skills Required for Becoming a Judge in India

In addition to meeting the position requirements, the candidate should have the following skills:

  • Critical Reasoning Capabilities
  • Analyze Objectively
  • Listening Techniques
  • Making Unbiased Decisions
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Writing Skills with Empathy

What is a Judge Salary in India?

A judge’s salary is determined by the type and position of the judge.

  • A district-level judge’s starting salary is INR 70,000 per month. It rises with experience and ranges between INR 1,44,840 and INR 2,24,100 per month. A supreme court judge and a high court judge earn an average monthly salary of INR 2.50 lakh per month.

How to Become a Judge in India

Best Books That Will Help You Improve Your Judicial Knowledge

Apart from reading and studying the entire Indian Constitution, students must also learn from the numerous works authored by judges, writers, and legal professionals. Below are some of the books that will help you improve your judicial knowledge,

  • On Balance (Leila Seth)
  • Landmark Judgments That Changed India (Ashok K. Ganguly)
  • How Judges Think (Richard Posner)
  • The Trial (Franz Kafka)
  • The Making of a Justice: Reflections on My First 94 Years (John Paul Stevens)

FAQs on How to Become a Judge in India

1. How many years does it take to become a judge in India?

To become the Higher Judiciary, one should have a graduate certificate in law and need a minimum of 7 years of litigating practice.

2. How can I become a judge after 12th in India?

If you want to become a judge after 12th class in India, then you have to hold 5 years Integrated Law Degree and then 3 years Law Degree graduation is necessary.

3. What is the qualification of judges in India?

The minimum educational qualification to become a judge in India is to hold a law degree (LLB).

MBA in Hospital Management | Course Details, Eligibility, Fee Structure, Career, Jobs and Salary

MBA in Hospital Management

MBA In Hospital Management: The hospital management specialization in MBA is gaining its popularity in recent days. Aspirants are interested in pursuing their careers in the healthcare sector as it is considered to be one of the growing industries globally. There is a wide range of job opportunities in the management part of the healthcare sector, so the MBA aspirants are more attracted to choose hospital management as their specialization.

Health challenges are becoming complicated day by day, so there is a need for more skillful and efficient employees who can deal with these issues. The hospital management course acts as a savior here and trains the future employees of the healthcare managing sector with advanced skills and technologies, making them efficient and compatible to deal with complex issues.

Efficient healthcare managers can be trusted to deal with any kind of unpredicted hospital management issues in the future. They can be trusted to make impulsive decisions to deal with the arising issues and solve it before it affects the hospital’s operations. Time is a valuable asset in today’s world. Hence, considering it in every aspect is very important. A manager with excellent hospital management skills always makes his/her decisions keeping the time factor in his mind.

Importance of MBA In Hospital Management Course

The Healthcare sector has evolved and upgraded in recent years. It has become more complex than ever with different types of diseases and cures. Following the traditional ways to manage the complex healthcare sector has become obsolete. The managers need to deal with these complex situations in a more advanced and skillful approach to operating smoothly and without any difficulties.

The hospital management course makes future managers skillful and efficient in dealing with present healthcare situations. This course, with proper healthcare knowledge, develops the students into experienced management professionals. This expertise can be used by many healthcare organizations in the world. This course motivates the students to come up with new innovative and creative ideas to deal with different issues in the healthcare organization.

The decision-making skills of the students will improve after the completion of the course. Making appropriate and fast decisions can prove to be of great importance in the organization.

This course will upgrade the marketing skills of the students so that they can advertise their organization’s unique healthcare facilities in the market. Marketing is an essential job for every management professional.

The management course will introduce business ethics to the aspirants so that they will work and manage their organization ethically in the future, without harming anybody’s sentiments. This course will make the students understand different concepts that will help them to analyze the healthcare sectors of different countries globally.

Skillset Required for Applying for an MBA In Hospital Management Course

In order to pursue your career in a particular sector, you need to have the required skills so that you can complete the course efficiently. For pursuing a career in hospital management, an aspirant must have these skills:

  • The candidate must be a good leader with proper leadership skills.
  • The candidate must be organized and good at communicating with different people.
  • The candidate must be efficient in handling different pressures arising in the workplace.
  • The candidate must make impulsive decisions.
  • The candidate must have a friendly attitude as he is going to work in the healthcare sector.
  • The candidate should be patient.

MBA in Hospital Management Duration

This master’s degree in hospital management is a full-time course of two years. These two years are divided into four semesters. Some colleges are also following the trimester’s pattern and are dividing the two years into six trimesters.

A summer internship is also complementary in these two years. The candidates have to do an internship of 1 – 6 months, depending upon their institute’s requirements. This is for providing the candidates with real workplace experience.

MBA in Hospital Management Eligibility Criteria

There are specific criteria which the candidates should pass in order to take admission in the MBA course with hospital management as a specialization.

The eligibility criteria for getting admission into MBA’s hospital management courses are as follows:

  • The candidate must have passed graduation with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate in any stream from a recognized university.
  • Candidates must have qualified in one of the MBA entrance exams like CAT/XAT/MAT/CMAT/GMAT or any university’s own entrance exam.
  • Top institutes like AIIMs only consider those candidates to get hospital management admissions who have completed their MBBS courses.

The above criteria are the minimum requirements in order to get admission to an MBA course with a hospital management specialization. But the criteria differ from college to college, but these three are required in every college.

MBA in Hospital Management Fee Structure

The course fee in order to pursue this course ranges from INR 60,000 to 7,50,000 depending upon the university or college the candidate is taking admission into.

Top colleges of the country charge more as they provide a better learning experience to the candidates and also promises good placements after the completion of the course.

Get to Know More about other types of Course Details Streamwise, and Category wise

Career Options Under Hospital Management

Hospital management has become a popular career choice for many aspirants pursuing MBA. There are more job opportunities in the healthcare sector. The healthcare sector is rising and simultaneously creating more job openings for aspiring candidates. Let’s discuss some of the job profiles in this sector:

  • Healthcare Consultant – As a healthcare consultant, the candidate will advise different small and medium scale healthcare organizations on ways to improve their performance and how to avoid the arising issues in the management. A healthcare consultant can provide proper advice because of his/her expertise in this field. This is a good job selection for the aspirants with hospital management degrees.
  • Hospital CEO – A candidate can be appointed as a Chief Executive Officer of a hospital. He would be responsible for any duties, including the safety of the patient and the financial stability of the healthcare organization. The CEO will evaluate the performance of the workforce and make the necessary changes if required. The CEO also tries to maintain the quality of the healthcare service of his/her organization. Leadership skills play a vital role in this type of job.
  • Hospital CFO – A candidate must be good at financing if he/she is selected as a chief financial officer of an organization. This job involves all the responsibilities related to the financial transactions of a healthcare organization. The officer should analyze all the financial operations of the organization and make plans to reduce the cost without hampering the quality of the service provided.
  • Pharmaceutical Product Manager – The candidates who are selected in this position are needed to use their own expertise to make the sales team informed about the new products so that they can sell the products in the market. They analyze the market regularly to be informed about the latest developments and new competitors in the market so that he/she can make some changes in the selling strategy of the sales team.

Also, See:

Salary to an MBA in Hospital Management Graduate

A candidate with a master’s degree in hospital management can earn quite a good amount of money as there are plenty of job opportunities. The average salary ranges between 4.5 lakh to 12 lakh per annum. Moreover, top colleges can offer higher placement packages, and the highest salary package can go up to 25 lakh per annum.

Let’s discuss the salaries of some of the job profiles a candidate expects after completing the master’s degree in hospital management:

Job Profile Salary Per Annum
Health Consultant 15 lakh – 20 lakh
Hospital CEO 10 lakh – 15 lakh
Hospital CFO 10 lakh – 15 lakh
Pharmaceuticals Product Manager 5 lakh – 9 lakh

As you can see, the salaries of candidates who have done a master’s in hospital management are quite high. It is because the healthcare sector is rising in recent years, and this growth is the reason for such high packages—the compensation increases with the years of experience of a candidate.

MBA in Hospital Management

MBA in Hospital Management Admission Process

In order to get inducted into an MBA’s course of hospital management, a candidate needs to apply for one of the  MBA entrance exams such as CAT/XAT/CMAT or entrance exams conducted by different universities for their own admission. After getting shortlisted from the entrance, the candidate needs to go through GD and a personal interview for final selection.

Top Institutes Offering MBA in Hospital Management

  • IIM Calcutta
  • FMS Delhi
  • ISB Hyderabad
  • TISS Mumbai
  • GIM Goa

FAQ’s on MBA in Hospital Management

Question 1.
What is the scope of an MBA in Hospital Management?

Answer:
A candidate with this degree can be appointed either in the public sector or in the private sector. They are appointed in the field of health insurance companies, public health departments, etc.

Question 2.
What is the expected salary after MBA in Hospital Management?

Answer:
A candidate with this degree can earn an average salary ranging from 4.5 lakh to 25 lakh per annum.

Question 3.
What is the fee structure of an MBA in Hospital Management?

Answer:
To do an MBA course on Hospital management, a candidate has to spend an approximate amount of 7.5 lakhs depending upon the institute.

CA Course Details | Duration, Eligibility, Fee Structure, Career and Salary

CA Course Details

CA Course Details: Today, the rapidly commercializing world raises the demand for Chartered Accountancy professionals within the public and private organizations. Chartered Accountants are reportedly the highest paid professionals with highly challenging yet exceedingly promising career paths in India. In Us, Certified Public Accountants (CPA) is equivalent to CA in India.

Chartered Accountancy is a promising career option for an individual who wishes to walk down the aisle of accounting and taxation. A qualified CA professional sits in reputed organizations and deals with their account details. Below is the recorded structure course for aspirants to pursue after twelfth or after graduation.

This report covers the overall topics like prospectus, course gradations, particulars on qualification, the confirmation process, fee structure, and vocation possibilities.

A Brief on Chartered Accountancy (CA) Course

Chartered Accountant is an international designation granted to accounting professionals across the globe. It is a certification given to qualified individuals to handle content related to business taxation and accounting like maintenance of investment records, filing of tax returns, preparation and review of financial documents and reports, and auditing of business practices and financial statements.

However, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) designed CA course training exams.

Also Read: CPA Course Details

About ICAI – Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

The ICAI is an Indian statutory body that administers and regulates the chartered accountancy course. ICAI issues Standards of auditing and Other technical standards to be observed by all Chartered accountants in India. ICAI monitors and conducts all CA related examinations provided in the course options. It provides online registration facilities and study materials, conducts induction programs to enhance a candidate’s personality development and soft skills.

CA Course Details

To deem eligible as a Chartered Accountant, every candidate has to get through the CA examinations conducted by the ICAI. The aspiring candidate must qualify the three stages of the CA exam course to be authenticated as a Chartered Accountant. The three levels of CA Course are:

  1. Foundation Stage
  2. Intermediate Stage
  3. Final Stage

CA Course Foundation Stage

The Foundation Stage holds the Common Proficiency Test (CPT), which is the entry-level exam for CA Course. To clear the first level, the aspiring candidate must have completed 10+2 or any Degree from an accredited institution. The Common Proficiency Test is conducted twice a year- first in May and the second in November.

CA Course Intermediate Stage

Candidates will have to qualify the fist entry-level (CPT) to register for the intermediate/the secondary stage. The Intermediate Stage holds the Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC). Candidates can also directly register for this stage examination after Graduation/Post-Grad. Eligible candidates from Commerce must hold a minimum of 55 percent aggregate, and those from other fields must hold a minimum of 60 percent aggregate. The IPCC is conducted twice a year- May and November.

CA Course Final Stage

A Candidate reaches the final stage of the examination once he/she qualifies the previous stages of examinations and completes the required training. After completion, the qualified candidate can apply for membership. The Final Stage occurs twice a year in May and November.

See More: CMA Course Details

CA Course Eligibility Criteria

To deem eligible to proceed with Chartered Accountancy Course, the candidate will have to meet the Eligibility criteria designed by the ICAI. Candidates must have completed 10+12 examinations in any discipline from any accredited institution with a minimum aggregate. Candidates of Commerce stream must have obtained a minimum of 50 percent aggregate in Class 12 examination. Candidates belonging to other streams must have obtained a minimum of 60 percent aggregate inclusive of Mathematics and a minimum aggregate of 60 percent exclusive of Mathematics in Class 12 examination to be eligible for the Common Proficiency Test.

Graduates and Post-Grads who have majored in Auditing, Management, Accounting, Taxation, Business Administration, Mercantile Laws, Management Accounting, Economics, Corporate Laws, or any similar subjects with a minimum aggregate of 55 percent can apply through the Direct Entry Mode. However, Graduates or Post-Grads from other majors require a minimum of 60 percent aggregate to qualify as Chartered Accountants. The course completed individuals can work as a chartered engineer by checking How to Become a Chartered Engineer in India.

CA Course Duration

The duration for Chartered Accountant Course is different for each stage of examination.

  1. Foundation Stage: The duration for the Foundation Stage is four months. The total time taken to complete the CA program depends on the aspirant’s dedication and focus. The four-month course duration is calculated from registration until the end of the Course’s foundation stage.
  2. Intermediate Stage: The duration for the Intermediate Stage is eight months. The course duration is calculated from the registration date until the end of the Intermediate stage of the Course.
  3. Final Stage: The duration for the Final Stage is a minimum of three years. The course duration is calculated from the date of registration until the end of the Final Stage of the Course and the completion of three-year training.

CA Course Fee Structure

The approximate Fee Structure for the CA Course Details After 12th is different for the three stages of CA training.

  1. Foundation Stage: CA Course Exam Fee payment for Foundation Stage is Rs. 9200.
  2. Intermediate Stage: CA Course Exam Fee payment for Intermediate Stage is Rs.18000.
  3. Final Stage: CA Course Exam Fee payment for the Final Stage is Rs 22000.

CA Course Exam Curriculum

The exam curriculum is divided between the three stages of the Course.

CA Course Foundation Syllabus

CA foundation course comprises a total of four subjects. Each paper is graded out of 100 marks, and the candidate must secure a minimum of 40 percent aggregate in the individual paper, and a total of 50 percent aggregate overall. Paper one and paper two comprise subjective-based questions, paper three and paper four comprise objective-based questions with negative marking.

The Common Proficiency Test comprises of the following Syllabus portions:

  • Principles And Practice Of Accounting
  • Business Laws And Business Correspondence and Recording
  • Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics
  • Business Economics And Business And Commercial Knowledge

CA Course Intermediate Syllabus

The Intermediate Stage comprises of two groups in the IPCC syllabus. Each paper is graded out of 100 marks, and the candidate must secure a minimum of 40 percent aggregate in the individual paper, and a total of 50 percent aggregate overall.

Group 1: The Integrated Professional Competence Course- Group 1 comprises of the following Syllabus portions:

  • Accounting
  • Corporate Laws and Other Laws
  • Cost and Management Accounting
  • Taxation

Group 2: The Integrated Professional Competence Course- Group 2 comprises of the following Syllabus portions:

  • Advanced accounting
  • Auditing and Assurance
  • Enterprise Information Systems and Strategic Management
  • Financial Management and Economics for Finance

Candidates can appear for any one of the groups, as mentioned above. However, candidates must obtain a minimum of 50 percent equivalent or aggregate in the selected group of choice. Candidates are deemed qualified if it appears in both groups and secures a minimum of 50 percent aggregate in both groups.

Do refer:

CA Course Final Syllabus

The final syllabus comprises of two groups in the Final Course. Each person’s paper is marked out of a hundred marks. The candidate must secure a minimum of 40 percent aggregate in the individual paper, and a total of 50 percent aggregate in all the groups taken together.

Group 1 – The Final Course

Group 1 comprises of the following Syllabus portions:

  • Financial Reporting
  • Strategic Financial Management
  • Professional Ethics
  • Advanced Auditing
  • Part A comprises of Company Law while Part B comprises of other Economic Laws

Group 2 – The Final Course

Group 2 comprises of the following Syllabus portions:

  • Advanced Management Accounting (Part A) and BPR (Part B)
  • Financial Services And Capital Markets
  • Advanced Direct Tax Laws And International Taxation
  • Advanced Indirect Tax Laws

Institutes Offering CA Courses

  1. Vidhya Sagar Institute Limited, Jaipur
  2. Northern India Regional Council of ICAI, New Delhi
  3. Aldine CA, Rajasthan
  4. Nahata Professional Academy, Indore
  5. J. K. Shah Classes, Mumbai
  6. Yeshas Academy, Bengaluru
  7. Academy of Commerce, New Delhi
  8. Chanakya Academy for Management and Professional Studies (CHAMPS), Hyderabad
  9. Agrawal Classes, Pune
  10. Aldine CA, Delhi

CA Course Details

CA Course Career and Salary Prospects

  • Career Prospectus: Chartered Accountancy holds a significant demand within legal firms, finance companies, stockbroking firms, auditing firms, banks, etc. After pursuing this CA Course, individuals can become a chartered accountant. Here are the techniques on How to Become a CA Chartered Accountant in India.
  • Salary: The average salary for a fresher CA professional after completing the Course fluctuates between ₹4 Lakhs to ₹6 Lakhs per annum. However, a CA professional’s salary depends on the industry and the city where the person employs.

FAQ’s on CA Course Details

Question 1.
How is the CA course beneficial?

Answer:
CA offers flattering offerings in Business analysis and uses knowledge to decode complex information required for business growth, thus, enhancing one’s ability. Chartered Accountants are reportedly the highest paid professionals with highly challenging yet exceedingly promising career paths in India. The average salary for a fresher CA professional after completing the Course fluctuates between ₹4 Lakhs to ₹6 Lakhs per annum.

Question 2.
What are the Career prospects in CA?

Answer:
Chartered Accountancy holds a significant demand within legal firms, finance companies, stockbroking firms, auditing firms, banks, etc.

Question 3.
How is Chartered Accountant different from Certified Public Accountant?

Answer:
Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and Chartered Accountant (CA) hold the credentials through which candidates earn through defined study and the qualification through an examination. However, CA credential is run and identified international while, CPA credential is purely issued withinside the U.S.

Summary

We hope that the information mentioned above regarding the CA Course Details has helped improve your understanding of the subject with in-depth knowledge.

How to Become an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineer in India? | Salary, Skill Set and Eligibility

How to Become an AI Engineer in India

How to Become an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineer in India?: The IT industry is one field where you have to keep yourself updated with the new technologies if you wish to have a successful career. The most hyped-up technology in IT today is Artificial Intelligence. Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence have seen tremendous growth in the past few years.

The IT industry has a high demand for a well-trained and qualified Artificial Intelligence Engineer. Apart from it, several other sectors have also started developing Artificial Intelligence programs for gaining better results.

Refer to Course Details to know more about related courses and find details like Admission Process, Eligibility Criteria, etc.

Topmost companies like Apple, Amazon, Google, Facebook invest a considerable sum of money in Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning every year. This has led to an increase in demand for a highly qualified artificial intelligence engineer in India, and many IT professionals are considering becoming one.

What Is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is a field in IT about developing machines and software with techniques that allow a device to imitate an intelligence similar to humans. A machine with AI will be able to recognize patterns and make a decision based on the pattern.

Who is an Artificial Intelligence Engineer?

AI or Artificial Intelligence Engineers are engineers who work in the field of AI. They are responsible for researching, creating, testing, and implementing AI models. They are also responsible for handling AI infrastructure.

How To Become An Artificial Intelligence AI Engineer In India?

You have to fulfill specific criteria if you wish to be an artificial intelligence engineer in India.

Eligibility Criteria for Artificial Intelligence

To be eligible for becoming an artificial intelligence engineer, they would need to have a fundamental educational background that aligns with the requirements of the Artificial Intelligence field.

Educational Qualification

The first step to becoming an artificial intelligence engineer would be getting a bachelor’s degree. You can get a bachelor’s or an undergraduate degree in any of the following streams.

  • Information Technology
  • Computer Science
  • Data Science
  • Statistics
  • Economics
  • Mathematics
  • Finance

If you wish, having a Master’s or postgraduate degree in the courses mentioned above would also be beneficial.

Other than that, there are several different certification courses like Machine Learning and Data Science offered by many online classroom programs that you can do to enhance your knowledge.

Technical Knowledge Requirement

Once you have the essential educational qualification for becoming an artificial intelligence engineer, you need to move on to the next step. The next step in becoming an Artificial Intelligence engineer would be to enhance your technical skills. Now the technical skills mentioned here are not just related to programming. To be an artificial intelligence engineer, you would need to have a good grasp of developing softwares.

To become an Artificial Intelligence Engineer, everyone needs to possess excellent knowledge of the following, not just in theory but also in practicality.

  • Machine Learning
  • Software Development Life Cycle
  • Design Patterns
  • Modularity, OOPS, Classes
  • Deep Learning & Neural Networks
  • Statistics and Mathematics
  • Electronics, Robotics, and Instrumentation (Not mandatory but beneficial)

Technical Skills to Become an Artificial Intelligence

As we have seen earlier, to become an artificial intelligence engineer, you must possess several technical skills. Let’s have a look at what those skills are.

Programming Languages

If you have been working as a programmer, then that would come in handy for you in your path of becoming an Artificial intelligence engineer. However, just knowing anyone or two programming language won’t be enough. You need to know some of these programming languages, which are essential for artificial intelligence.

  • C++
  • Python
  • JavaScript
  • Java
  • Julia
  • C#
  • Lisp
  • Shell
  • R
  • TypeScript
  • Scala
  • Prolog

The list of the programming languages that you need to learn for AI can be very extensive. However, you can start with a programming language that you find best suitable for you at the time and then move on to the others as time progresses.

Python is a great programming language to get you started with artificial intelligence because it is simple, has an extensive library, has clear syntax, and is versatile.

Linear Algebra/Calculus/Statistics

Consider mathematics as the backbone for artificial intelligence. Algorithms are the backbone of any artificial intelligence program. And, any algorithm depends mainly on statistics. Having a good grasp of calculus, probability, algebra, and statistics ultimately leads to a better understanding of Artificial Intelligence.

It would help if you had an understanding of vectors, matrices, and matrix multiplication. To better work, your Artificial intelligence program, knowing integrals and derivatives and integrals would help.

Familiarity with standard distributions, Gaussian distributions, and means of data sets is necessary for Artificial intelligence. The knowledge of probability will help you understand these models better.

  • Gaussian Mixture Models
  • Naive Bayes
  • Hidden Markov Models

Applied Mathematics and Algorithms

Another essential skill to have would be having a better understanding of applied mathematics and algorithms.

Algorithms are essential if you want to build a model in artificial intelligence or even use an existing model. And to have a better understanding of the concept and how an algorithm works, you would need to have a good knowledge of applied mathematics.

If you have been in front-end software development, all this mathematics will be intimidating for you. But with time, you will have a better understanding of how mathematics helps artificial intelligence and machine learning flourish. Having a grasp of these mathematical concepts would be beneficial for you.

  • Lagrange
  • Quadratic programming
  • Gradient descent
  • Partial differential equations
  • Convex Optimization
  • Summations

Natural Language, Audio and Video Processing

NLP or Natural Language Processing is a part of artificial intelligence that deals with machines understanding the human language. NLP is the one that facilitates a computer to be able to know how a human communicates. It works by combining linguistics, information engineering, computer science, and AI to analyze the structure of sentences and the meaning behind each word. Then, it uses an algorithm to make sense of the instruction and deliver the results.

An artificial intelligence engineer has to work on NLP, and for that, you would need to know some of the NLP libraries. Most of the work on NLP involves processing audio, video, and language by using some of these NLP tools and libraries.

  • NLTK
  • CoreNLP
  • Sentiment Analytics
  • TextBlob
  • Gensim
  • PyNLPI

Neural Network Architectures

Even though the basic concept of artificial intelligence is to replicate the thinking and problem-solving capability of a human brain, some of the tasks are too complex and difficult for coding that it is impossible for a human being to do that. This is where a neural network comes in.

Neural networks are a field of artificial intelligence modeled after the human brain and have similar functioning. Neural networks help solve some of the most complicated problems like facial recognition, pattern recognition, handwriting recognition, translation, and image classification. All of these hold significant importance in the field of Artificial Intelligence.

Business Skills Requirement for Artificial Intelligence

Having business skills is beneficial for artificial intelligence and will help you in any area that you choose for your career. It would be great if you had an excellent grasp of the following skills.

  • Industry Knowledge: It is necessary to know the industry you are working for and what will help increase your business.
  • Analytic Problem-Solving:As an AI engineer, you should analyze the data to solve a problem.
  • Creative Thinking: Thinking creatively to find solutions for any problems should be an AI engineer’s skill.
  • Effective Communication: Being an AI engineer, understanding the concept of artificial intelligence and machine learning is easier for you, but you should make others understand the same who have no prior knowledge of AI.

Now, if you already know these skills, then you are all set. But if you don’t, then there are a lot of ways you can learn these. You can practice and learn these skills on your own, or a better option would be to get a master’s degree.

With the field of artificial intelligence being new, a lot of research is happening, leading to discoveries. It would be very beneficial if you opt for a master’s degree. For master’s, you can consider machine learning or data science as your subjects.

If you don’t wish to do a master’s program but still want to gain these skills, there are many industry certification courses available in data science, deep learning, or machine learning that you can take. Not only will you gain in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge on the subject, but these certification courses add a lot of value to your profile and give you an upper hand while getting a job.

Work Responsibility Of An Artificial Intelligence AI Engineer

There are various roles and responsibilities an artificial intelligence engineer has to perform based on their experience and knowledge.

  • AI Engineer researches, transform, and implements a prototype of data science.
  • Researching, creating, and implementing suitable machine learning algorithms.
  • Discovering the correct artificial intelligence tools.
  • Researching and developing the procedures for modern software development.
  • Developing applications of machine learning as needed.
  • Working with a robotic team and electrical engineers.
  • Selecting the correct data representation models and datasets.
  • Testing of machine learning and artificial intelligence.
  • Modifying and training the system as needed.
  • Updating themselves to all the latest developments in the field of artificial intelligence.

How to Become an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Engineer in India

Salary Of An Artificial Intelligence Engineer

Becoming an artificial intelligence engineer requires a lot of hard work and studying. The field of artificial intelligence, seeing substantial growth, has created a massive demand for qualified artificial intelligence engineers. Both these facts are responsible for making the job of an AI engineer a high-paid job. On average, an artificial intelligence engineer can earn anywhere between 7 to 8 lakh rupees per annum. For an experienced AI engineer, this salary can easily cross 10 lakh per annum.

Conclusion

Artificial Intelligence is a sector in the industry that is in its starting phase. If you fulfill the criteria to become an artificial intelligence engineer, then now is the right time to get started with your journey. This field has a lot of scope for development, and the excellent salary package is an added benefit.

How to become Public Prosecutor in India | Roles, Educational Qualification, Eligibility Criteria, Salary

How to become Public Prosecutor in India

How to Become Public Prosecutor in India?: Are you someone who has a keen interest in learning about laws? Do you want to participate in state affairs through legal terms? If yes, then Public Prosecutor is the right career option for you. To get more information on how to become Public Prosecutor in India, read the complete article.

A public prosecutor is a fragment of the state’s judiciary or judicial procedure, who works as in-charge at the time of litigation, appeal, and other processes related to law. The public prosecutor does not represent any particular community/ party but the state. The major motive of the state is basically to protect the rights of individuals and communities and not to take revenge. Unlike other prosecutors, the public prosecutor does not work in order to win the battle. But instead, they want to aim at discovering the truth.

Refer to Course Details to know more about related courses and find details like Admission Process, Eligibility Criteria, etc.

Role of a Public Prosecutor

  • One of the major responsibilities of a public prosecutor is to secure righteous convictions. They act as a source of justice. They represent the departments of State Government.
  • They interrogate and investigate the suspect and ask for an expert examination.
  • They undertake the execution of judgments.
  • They hold command in administration tasks that are assigned by law as a delineative of the public interest.
  • The police assign cases for investigation, and the public prosecutors handle the cases. They decide on whether they should present the case to the court for further proceeding or not.
  • They can also request for the detention of the suspect for medical inspection-physical or mental.

Educational Qualification to become a Public Prosecutor

There are some necessary educational qualifications in order to become a public prosecutor. A person must have a degree in law with essential knowledge of laws. You should have done a Bachelor’s in law (LLB) of 3 or 5 years from any authorized law school that receives recognition by the bar council of India. If you are a graduate, then you can do a 3 years LLB degree or if you are an intermediate pass student then, you can do an LLB for 5 years. In simple terms, only a lawyer can be a public prosecutor.

Under the provision of section 24 of CRPC 1972, a public prosecutor is able to create prosecution, make appeals or ask for judicial proceedings in the High court to the Supreme court, in the Central Government, or the State government. The State government appoints the public prosecutor for every district. The appointment of a public prosecutor is for strengthening the judicial procedure. It is also possible that in every state, the appointment of more than one public prosecutor occurs.

Check Similar:

Salary of a Public Prosecutor

The salary of a public prosecutor who is decent at the entry-level varies from 3-4 lakhs. With experience and gain of knowledge, there is an increment in the salary of a public prosecutor, from mid-level to a higher level, it goes from 8-12 lakhs.

Eligibility Criteria to become a Public Prosecutor

In order to become a Public Prosecutor, you need to satisfy some eligibility criteria such as:

  • A Candidate must have to be a citizen of India
  • You must have a degree in law.
  • You should have experience of a minimum of seven years as a lawyer.
  • While applying for the post, your age must not be less than 35 years of age and should not be more than 45 years of age.
  • There is an accoutrement for providing relaxation to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Backward Classes in terms of age.
  • The creation of lists is a part of the process for eligible candidates at the deliberation of the magistrate of the district and sessions judges. If the name of the candidate is not present in the list that is created under subsection (3) by the magistrate of the district and the session judges. Then, in this scenario, the State Government will not be able to appoint a person as a public prosecutor in any district.
  • To become a public prosecutor, a candidate must have to appear in the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the position of Public Prosecutor. After clearing the exam, a person has to give the interview. On the basis of both things, the candidate will have a notification of the selection through email.

If you are someone who loves to investigate, learn and solve inexplicable cases that are associated with state and governmental matters, then a public prosecutor is the right profession for you.  If you satisfy the eligibility criteria, then you should definitely go through the exam and procedure.

How to become Public Prosecutor in India

CMA Course Details | Duration, Eligibility, Course Types, Fee Structure, Career and Salary

CMA Course Details

CMA Course Details: Any company that seeks to bridge the skills gap and acquire a competitive edge in the market. It also encourages its employees to earn a CMA certification. For an individual who aspires to make it big in management accounting, CMA certification is a great career move.

Certified Management Accountants are individuals who can convert data into dialogue, bring strategic thinking, and apply work experience. Below is the recorded structure course for aspirants to pursue after twelfth or after graduation.

This report covers the overall topics like prospectus, course gradations, particulars on CMA course qualification, the confirmation process, fee structure, and vocation possibilities.

A Brief on Certified Management Accountant (CMA) Course

CMA or Certified Management Accountant is a professional certification credential in the field of financial management and management accounting. CMA certification signifies the importance of an individual’s knowledge in the areas that focus on financial planning, control, professional ethics, decision support, and analysis. A Certified Management Accountant is an individual who possesses an accurate and complete understanding of management accounting principles.

CMA Course Details

Course  CMA
CMA Full form Certified Management Accountant
Eligibility Criteria Bachelors degree
Duration 6 months
Fee Structure $311 per component for academics/students
$415 per component for professional members
Course Type Certification
Remuneration Structure ₹5-7 Lakhs per annum
Similar Course  CPA Course
Employment opportunities Chief Financial Officer, Financial Controller, Cost Accountant, Finance Manager, Financial Analyst, and Financial Risk Manager

CMA Certification and Eligibility

To acquire CMA certification, the minimum eligibility criteria for the CMA Certification is a Bachelor’s Degree from an accredited university or an equivalent degree from any discipline in English medium. The aspirants must obtain a minimum aggregate of 45 percent and above aggregate marks.

The aspiring candidate must hold a membership from the IMA- Institute of Management Accountants and must abide by IMA’s Statement of Ethical Professional Practice. The candidate must have two years of relevant experience in the field of management accounting or financial management. To be eligible for the CMA Admission process, the candidate must pass the parts of CMA Exam components.

CMA Course Duration

The overall duration for the CMA course option is flexible, which indicates that the total time taken to complete the CMA program depends on the aspirant’s level of dedication and focus. CMA certification requires a minimum of 6 months. However, the Institute of Management Accountants offers a time duration of a maximum of 3 years, which starts from the date of registration until the completion of the certification.

Eligible candidates can appear for component 1 and component 2 examinations in the following time frame:

  • January or February
  • May or June
  • September or October

CMA Course Fee Structure

The approximate Fee Structure for CMA Certification applicable for both professional members as well as academic members or students is given below:

For Student/Academic Members

  • CMA Certification Entrance Fee is a non-refundable payment of  $188*
  • CMA Certification Exam Fee payment is $311 per component

For Professional Members

  • CMA Certification Entrance Fee is a non-refundable payment of $250*
  • CMA Certification Exam Fee payment is $415 per component

Do Check:

CMA Course Exam Curriculum

CMA Certification comprises of two-component covering 12 competencies.

PART-I comprises of Performance, Financial Planning, and Analytics

  • 15 percent is inclusive of External Financial Reporting Decisions
  • 20 percent is inclusive of Planning, Budgeting, and Forecasting
  • 20 percent is inclusive of Performance Management
  • 15 percent is inclusive of Cost Management
  • 15 percent is inclusive of Internal Controls
  • 15 percent is inclusive of Technology and Analytics

Part-II comprises of Strategic Financial Management

  • 20 percent is inclusive of Financial Statement Analysis
  • 20 percent is inclusive of Corporate Finance
  • 25 percent is inclusive of Decision Analysis
  • 10 percent is inclusive of Risk Management
  • 10 percent is inclusive of Investment Decisions
  • 15 percent is inclusive of Professional Ethics

CMA Course Syllabus

The detailed Certified Management Accountant Course Syllabus is given here. Check out different CMA Course Subjects. Download CMA Foundation Study material PDF to score good marks in the exams.

CMA Foundation Syllabus

  • Paper I: Fundamentals of Business Mathematics and Statistic
  • Paper II: Fundamentals of Laws and Ethics
  • Paper III: Fundamentals of Accounting
  • Paper IV: Fundamentals of Economics and Management

CMA Intermediate Subjects

  • Paper V: Company Accounts and Audit
  • Paper VI: Indirect Taxation
  • Paper VII: Cost and Management Accounting
  • Paper VIII: Operation Management Information System
  • Paper IX: Cost accounting and financial management
  • Paper X: Direct taxation
  • Paper XI: Laws, ethics, and governance
  • Paper XII: Financial accounting

CMA Final Papers

  • Paper XIII: Financial analysis & business valuation
  • Paper XIV: Cost and management audit
  • Paper XV: Corporate financial reporting
  • Paper XVI: Strategic Performance management
  • Paper XVII: Tax management and practice
  • Paper XVIII: Business strategy & strategic cost management
  • Paper XIX: Advanced financial management
  • Paper XX: Corporate laws and compliance

CMA Certification Skillset

Institutions that offer CMA Certification, train candidates to acquire the following skillset

Practical and Experiential Training

Recruited candidates are trained in Practical and Experiential Training to excel in the below-mentioned skills

  • Exam-oriented content
  • Pieces of training conducted by industrial professionals
  • Mock exam environment
  • Task-based simulations
  • Problem-solving questions
  • After Course Engagement (ACE)

Soft Skill Training

Recruited candidates are trained in Soft skill Training to excel in the below-mentioned skills:

  • Business communication
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Time management
  • Negotiation skills
  • Presentation skills
  • Email and virtual communication
  • Decision-making & problem solving

Market and Exam Ready Environment

Recruited candidates are trained in Exam and Market Ready Environment to excel in the below-mentioned skills:

  • Mock exams access
  • Pass master questions access
  • Customized career guidance
  • Interview skills workshop
  • Resume preparation assistance
  • Career Services

Institutes Offering CMA Certification Course

  • JIBA-Jivkaran Institute of Business Administration, Gujrat
  • SMJC-Sri Medha Junior College, Andhra Pradesh
  • CMES-College of Management and Economics Studies, Uttarakhand
  • ICAT-Image College of Arts Animation and Technology, Tamil Nadu
  • SC-Superwhizz college, Andhara Pradesh
  • NDCB-Nagarjuna Degree College, Bangalore
  • Gandhi Shanti Niketan Mahavidyalaya, Uttar Pradesh
  • AMMDC-Annapurna Memorial Modern Degree College, Andhra Pradesh

CMA Course Career Prospects

CMA Certification offers higher status and credibility in the Accounting Industry. As quoted by the IMA’ CMA certification holders, the reason behind numbers ( the emphasis on WHY) is not just the details ( quoting the WHAT). The emphasis on WHY develops into a crucial skill that aids an individual’s growth to the management level.

CMA Certification opens a plethora of opportunities for individuals in domestic as well as the global market. An individual possessing skilled CMA expertise will experience enhanced accounting, management, and financial skills that will expand an individual’s career potentials and lets him/her shine in her achievements. CMA Course completed individuals can easily get a job by checking How to Become a CMA in India.

CMA Certification provides an individual with the power of decisions making authority in an organization. A CMA certification holder seats among the leaders and business drivers. The certification course also provides international recognition and open doors to vast career opportunities as:

  • Chief Financial Officer
  • Financial Controller
  • Cost Accountant
  • Finance Manager
  • Financial Analyst
  • Financial Risk Manager

Top Recruiters for CMA Certificate Holders

CMA Certificate holders have hired my various mainstream corporates. Below-mentioned is a list of a few corporates that hires CMA Certification holders:

  • IIFL
  • Morning Star
  • Northern Trust
  • IBM
  • Nestle
  • Amazon
  • Walter Bushnell

CPA Certificate Holder Earnings

In India, as a fresher of the CMA Certificate holder, an individual earns around ₹5-7lakhs per annum based on your industry or the corporate company. The average salary an individual receives as a Chief Financial Officer is around ₹4 Million per annum. As an experienced candidate, you can earn better when compared to a fresher.

CMA Course Details

FAQ’s on CMA Course Details

Question 1.
What is the Eligibility criteria for CMA Certification?

Answer:
To deem eligible for CMA Certification, the aspiring candidate must hold membership in the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA). The candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree from any discipline from any authorized institution.He/She must have two years of professional experience and expertise in management accounting or financial management. Finally, the candidate must successfully complete Part 1 and Part 2 of the CMA course exam.

Question 2.
What is the difference between a Certificate Management Accountant and Cost Management Accountant?

Answer:
Cost Management Accounting refers to management accounting. This course is designed to help business owners predict their total business expenses. A Certificate Management Accountant certification is a professional credential that prevails through advanced management accounting and financial management fields.

Question 3.
What benefits do CMA certification hold?

Answer:
CMA Certification opens a plethora of opportunities for individuals in domestic as well as the global market. An individual possessing skilled CMA expertise will experience enhanced accounting, management, and financial skills that will expand an individual’s career potentials and lets him/her shine in her achievements.

Summary

We hope that the information mentioned above regarding the CMA course details in India has helped improve your understanding of the subject with in-depth knowledge.