How to Stop Procrastinating and Start Studying

Stop Procrastinating and Start Studying

Procrastination is not a very rare phenomenon, and almost everyone finds themselves quite guilty, such as in their lives. It’s always good to ask ourselves specific questions like – why does a person procrastinate even when most of them are probably busy all time? In the 21st Century, time is our most precious commodity. And unfortunately, by procrastinating, we waste most of our time.

All of us guilty of studied for the test only a day before or perhaps putting off our homework till the last minute. By putting off important work until a later date, we do delay our task. This indisputably lousy habit is known as procrastination. The intentional practice or action of purposefully delaying any task or activity is known as procrastination.

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8 Ways to Stop Procrastinating and Start Studying

The reason for procrastination varies from people to people and from a situation to another. However, some cause has a particular universal reason to delay tasks or activities. Probably the most important one is the fear of failure. The cause of a person when delays are doing an important task or being disinterested in finishing a task could be due to a deep-rooted fright of failure. Avoiding and fear of failure is a pretty standard nature of human, and by choosing to delay, we do avoid the consequences, and we never finish the task.

Suppose a person is keen on being a perfectionist. In that case, the person can eventually procrastinate his/her given task and is also considered a major reason behind why a person may procrastinate—other reasons like low energy levels, easy distractions, laziness, etc.

First, let’s understand how a person develops the habit of procrastination:

The Four Pillars of Procrastination:

According to an academic study there appear to be four pillars of procrastination: the nature of procrastination that influences the population at large.

The pillar that stops you from doing a specific task identifies the initial barrier in getting started, which may be helpful as well as useful in overcoming the initial barrier a person faces in getting started. After all, Zeigarnik Effect research shows us that getting started really is the most challenging part!

Here are the four pillars:

Personality: Unfortunately, personality plays a key role in procrastination. Some people are just more impulsive than others. Although it’s hard to control our personality, the upside is that it is far easier to control our environment. For instance, I will literally not stuff my face with beef jerky if it is available in my cabinets just because I love to eat it. I put it on a high cabinet to keep my binges to a minimum and which requires a step-ladder to reach it, rather than my own willpower and relying on the annoyance of getting to it. For work, restrict me from time-wasting sites with tools by heading to quiet locations (like the library), I block out distractions.

Low task value: Tasks that we perceive as low value, simply put, either in long-term rewards or terms of fun. When a task is tedious or unpleasant, we can attempt to tie more enjoyable and interesting activities to the task, e.g., “While I’ll go knock out this project at the coffee shop, I grab my favourite drink” as this research suggests, or as mentioned above, we can forcefully add on the elements that are artificial such as “no turning back” deadlines.

Expectations: You are probably less likely to procrastinate if you expect to complete a task quickly. This pillar has seemed a bit more challenging or harsh to hack, but the best trick is to simply realize and utilize that the most psychologically difficult is often the first step. An impending ‘to-do’ task will be far less horrific, and it is usually the case that or suffering than we typically imagine it to be, so we can see what it’s really like if we can just commit 5-minutes to try it out.

Goal failure: A thing that is real for many procrastinators is fear of failure. Being confident in your abilities is what this pillar really has to do. I recommend reading the complete article for a more extensive take on that subject.

The Indirect Techniques of Procrastination:

It isn’t healthy being too hard on yourself for procrastinating.

In fact, the study shows that blaming yourself is definitely counter-productive. The study actually examined study habits in particular, and had this to say:

You shouldn’t let the fact that you don’t want to do something that doesn’t mean one should just easily give up, but rather don’t do something that makes you feel bad.

Hell, if you read books, you’ll see that many great writers struggled with their work ethic throughout their entire career.

Instead, one should try their worst procrastination sessions redirect into anything that is productive.

For instance, one shall do small tasks that still need to get done when they just can’t get themself to sit down and write, like answering support emails. While this technique, if you aren’t careful, can lead to ‘busybody’ work, it can also get you in the mood where you have to do something to work during periods.

It’s important to evaluate these research points, especially those that are not engaging in ‘automatic behaviour’ and each task to make sure you aren’t doing.

As long as the redirected task is still relevant to your goals, e.g., say, instead of creating a new article, finishing up some edits, it’s okay to redirect your behaviour and forgive yourself.

Try To Learn To Pre-commit:

What’s the deal with ‘cramming’? Remember your college days, where everyone in college would practically brag about how they were able to pull off a miracle all-nighter?

The crazy thing is, in terms of the quality of work that is produced cramming is far from optimal, for getting a fire lit under our asses it is quite useful.

According to research on procrastination, this last-minute hoorah is due to the fact that there is no way out. Better yet, by ‘pre-committing’ to a task, this feeling can be controlled (without the worry and paranoia) before it’s begun.

Depending on the severity of your lethargy, there are a couple of ways to go about. One of the highly creative alternatives and more extreme is a web app called a stick, which allows you to pre-commit to a task or goal that you must complete in a specific deadline. You don’t have to put in money to select other options, but come mon, either you go big or go straight home!

Also, can you honestly think of a more better way to deal with an impending deadline that will send your hard-earned cash and get yourself to take action rather than an organization to despise you?

I do rest my case here!

Two other ways to achieve a similar effect which are less dramatic to do the following are:

Write down where and when you will complete a task believe me students who actually followed this process were far more likely to complete given assignments.

By sharing your plan with a few friends or merely emailing someone, make a public commitment. Leave quite a healthy amount of time for emergencies, but keep in mind don’t provide yourself a week when you really need a day or two.

Set Your “micro quotas” and “macro goals”:

Motivation is inter-woven with the plans you construct to achieve them as well as what goals you make. Without plenty of suitable reasons, you’ll find yourself lethargic and burned out.

Researchers found that in a surprising motivational-related study, one can actually help with discipline by abstract thinking about goals. In the most basic sense, it isn’t all that bad advice to “dream big” (though dreaming too much more on that later can be harmful).

But there’s also the problem of becoming intimidated by your own lofty expectations by setting up grandiose plans.

For example, in our thousands of research of proposals, we found that the number one problematic thing that people do when it comes to creating a request is that they procrastinate.

If you ask yourself, Why? Then the probable answer will be: because the thought of ending up with a complete by starting from scratch, thorough, persuasive, and beautifully designed proposal can be intimidating. That’s why we recommend you focus on closing the current lead, cut down on scope, and start with a proposal template.

Since none wants to stop dreaming big, the best way to find a balance is to set “micro quotas” and “macro goals simply.”

Your goals might always be made of the things of large scale that you hope to accomplish, which is quite obvious. But to make it happen, your quotas are what you must get done every day.

For instance, writer/designer can force himself to write 2000 words per day come hell or high-water to get his three self-published eBooks done.

The goal was achieved because of the quota that made each day approachable.

Strive To Hit Running In The Ground:

A plethora of researches has been shown on ‘analysis paralysis ‘and is one of the number one causes of procrastination.

Not knowing what and when to do is often worse than the provided work itself.

That’s why one should always strive to hit the running in the ground for new commitments, especially in terms of how a person starts each and every day.

The night before, create a plain and simple to-do list (pen, paper, and forget apps !) that will be consisting of three big things that you want to get done, and what work it will entail.

Keep it in your bag or at your desk for when you sit down, get it out right away if you commute to work, and when it’s time to get down to business.

In the morning, this doesn’t have to be the first thing either, just whenever you start work. It can work whether you’re an early bird or a night owl.

You won’t have to stare at a list of obligations that should get done someday with an exact and clear list consisting of what to work on right now.This is the first step to build your perfect morning routine!

Practise The Right Kind Of Fantasizing:

Fantasies about the future are all in good fun and are generally okay to have. A huge reason people procrastinate where it tends to tie in with perfectionism but excessive fantasizing in real has been proven to be a goal killer.

According to this study on fantasies and motivation, you may be sabotaging real when you ‘build castles in the sky’, obtainable goals. The researchers followed up on their performance on several categories tested subjects on how commonplace fantasizing about their future.

Take those subjects which looking for a job. Those who spent more time dreaming performed worse about getting a job.

But we also know that solely positive visualizations can be inspiring and motivating us to push ourselves, so what’s missing?

According to this study from the UCLA, Researchers found that the mistake is in what we visualize and those participants who included the process of what needed to be done to achieve the goal and got engaged in visualizations that (ex: fantasizing and visualizing about learning another language, and practising them every day after the completion of work) were more likely to outperform in comparison to their peers.

There were two main reasons the visualization of the process actually worked:

Planning: The visualizing process helped focus to reach the goal and the attention on the steps needed.

Emotion: Visualization of an individual step led to reduced anxiety.

Make sure a person is not solely focusing on the rewards of the “good life” and don’t fret your daydreams, without remembering the very doable steps that are necessary to make it happen!

Steps To Stop Procrastination:

The lack of focus adds determination is another reason for procrastination. The feeling of unfocused and directionless causes people to lose their will to do a job, which eventually leads the person to procrastination. Lack of objectives and goals are also some other essential reason behind losing the focus. Most people end up in wasting energy due to not having an end-goal in mind, especially in other useless tasks.

Tackle And Eliminate Distraction:

Firstly and most importantly – never try to fool yourself. There’s always a little chance that exam preparation with your friends will get you anywhere. Indeed, it’s more fun, but your focus will be fluctuating and sparse as you’ll interact more with others. Also, instead of motivating you, your mate’s progress might put you off. When everyone has already memorized materials then revising in a team can be a good idea – as after that you can check each other’s knowledge.

To study at a place or nuke the internet with no access to the internet, either use browser extensions or pull the plug on the internet. I use the wing, and it has worked for me wonderfully. From my personal perspective and experience, I can tell you that your mind adjusts to the new reality once you know that you’re off the internet for few hours and irrespective of what we think the deprivation turns out to be much less painful.

I started blocking internet minimum for 60 minutes, and now I routinely block it for eight to nine hours, especially if I don’t need the internet for my work at a stretch. Like you build physical muscles through practice in the gym, you can build anti-internet muscles through training.

If you’re working on a pc or computer, keep only the bare minimum tabs and files open. Close everything else to keep you on just one thing, and make you less likely to fall to distractions.

Digital distraction won’t be the menace if we check our devices once in a few hours. The problem is, for fear of missing out on something important, we can’t resist checking and rechecking them every few minutes. Many, in fact, if they’re separated from their devices for long recall the time when you faced hours of separation from your phone, get anxious. This fear of missing something meaningful is entirely irrational and unfounded and can be shed by gradually increasing your period of digital abstinence.

Put your phone on aeroplane mode and close all those social media tabs, and try to study in an uncluttered, clean space. A mess around you equals to a mess in your head.

You can help organize your deadlines as well as manage your time efficiently with a properly planned schedule. Set time aside for homework and activities by figuring out when you’re most productive. Things that will help you keep track of your classes and assignments a planner or digital calendar.

By breaking a large project or assignment into small pieces, one can Defeat procrastination. Rather than jumping into a huge one, it’s seemed to be easier to motivate yourself to do something in smaller tasks.

A little motivation can go for a long way. Setting up a reward system is an excellent way to encourage yourself while you finish your task. For example, if you finish writing an essay without any distractions, reward yourself like watching a TV show or taking a nap.

Make A Habit Of Memorizing:

We can possibly train our brains to remember more and learn anything faster, precisely how we can strengthen any other muscle present in our bodies. One actually doesn’t need to be born with a photographic memory (and, in fact, virtually no adults actually have a photographic memory, probably with a few notable exceptions). Though, there’s hope for all of us.

Each student does have their own and unique style of learning. Some people like to use bright stickers and draw mind maps, and others may prefer listening to video/audio and writing long narratives or paragraphs by hand. Always use trial and error methods to determine which technique works best for you rather than following what others claim to be effective.

College courses require you to memorize information of mass amounts. Memorizing for one particular class can be quite tricky, but it’s frustrating when you have to do so for multiple courses. Many students feel like they are simply unable to have strong memory skills. Fortunately, though, memorizing is not just for an elite group of people born with the right skills—anyone can train develop and train their memorizing abilities.

Competitive memorizers claim that using memory tricks and practising visualization techniques enables them to remember pretty large chunks of information relatively quickly. Research shows that the students’ performance is better for those who used memory tricks than those who do not. Expansion of your working memory and access helps a person pose long term memory. These techniques can also possibly make you remember some concepts for years or even for life. Finally, memory tricks like these lead to higher-order thinking and understanding.

It is merely an introduction to effective memorization techniques that will help you in learning. Spatial and Visual techniques are memory tricks that can involve your five senses. They utilize songs, images, our bodies and feelings and to help information stick. Humans pose a unique spatial and visual system of memory. When you use visual and spatial techniques of memory, you use unique, creative and fun approaches rather than boring, rote memorization. This makes it much easier to see, feel, or hear the things you want to remember.

Some of these techniques can take some time to develop or feel strange at first. The more you practice them, the more natural and more manageable they become, and the more information you can commit to memory. Experiment with a few provide tips and find which ones work for you.

Whether anyone wants to learn a new language, need to study for an exam, simply want to stay mentally sharp or hope to avoid embarrassing memory lapses (what’s the name of your manager’s spouse again?), improving your memory is easier than it sounds—all it takes making critical adjustments and improvement in your lifestyle and trying out new memorization techniques.

For example, it would make sense for you to read more and pinpoint the essential bits with your stationery (markers, little stickers,) if you don’t have a photographic memory that captures everything with vision. Record the lectures beforehand if you’re an auditory type of learner and listen to them over and over until you memorize the material. Reading out loud is also easy and effective.

Set a limit for yourself:

Working without specific limit on time (“I need to write 20 000 words by the next month”) cannot be highly unproductive as one won’t be able to track your progress and will likely panic if the person feels like they are far behind.

All of us, at some point in our life, are guilty of multitasking. Whether it is the constant urge of outperforming our peers or the nature of the work that forces us into multitasking, the result is the same, lower productivity. Yes, you read that right. According to science, it is one of the habits one should stop doing if the person actually wants to be productive.

Research from Stanford University shows that multitasking can reduce your efficiency and decrease your productivity. That is not all; a study which was conducted at the University of London has shown that multitasking can decrease your IQ levels and damage your brain.

A human brain is not designed for multitasking or switching between tasks, so it usually takes a long time to switch focus or concentration from one task to another. By setting a timer, your focus is on one thing at a time. This allows you to prevent your mind from dwindling and create a singular focus that allows you to achieve your goal.

Most people try to follow the “move fast and break things” mantra of Mark Zuckerberg with so many tasks to complete daily, which might work in some cases but not each and every time. One can end up in creating a lot of mess, and all that mess can hamper the productivity over time is one particular downside of this approach.

Because of the mess you have created, you will have a hard time finding items. This will result in you end up missing your productivity goals daily and wastage of time. That is why it is essential to set productivity timers are a great way to do that and to instil discipline in your workday goals.

For maximum efficiency, separate your work into small and equal chunks to reward yourself after completing every small win, such as watching an episode of a favourite TV show on completion. Approach your work realistically and keep an approach not to bite more than you can swallow. Also, don’t give yourself too much time to complete a task as the less time you’ll have, the more focused you will be.

Procrastination is a genuine and unsorted problem for many of us. Finding ways to overcome procrastination and beating it is necessary if we want to do anything in our lives or to complete a task, whether it’s work-related or personal.

We create a false sense of urgency that makes us more likely to complete a task promptly by giving ourselves self-imposed deadlines, and instead of procrastinating, we finish the things we need to get done. The sense of urgency motivates us to stay on task and focus ourselves for specified periods of time or fully completed.

Some people will go a step further without official rules like completing a certain number of tasks by giving themselves short windows of time or working for a predefined amount of time before taking a break from social media. This technique can help beat procrastination with the combination of a self-imposed deadline.

Know and Work When You Are Most Efficient:

Society and school have always tricked us into thinking that waking up early is the only way you can be effective, and most of us hate it. Well, what if you start working in the afternoon rather a morning and finish later, let’s say at 9 PM instead of being very sleepy for the whole day and feeling exhausted by lunch?

It is an ongoing process to find the best way to study. It isn’t something that can compare the same as the night before the test. To better understand what works, you should continuously improve your study skills (and what doesn’t).

Learning how to study better the next time a big test helps avoid panic and frustration. After all, one can be less stressed before a test if they are more likely to do well and when they have had time to review and practice the material properly!

Studying habits that are mastering effective makes it easier to learn and help you get better grades in high school and post-secondary.

It’s important to avoid distractions and concentrate when the teacher is speaking. By focusing on what’s being said and taking notes in your own words, practice active listening. This will help make sure you understand and hear what is being taught in class.

From cell phones to social media to friends, distractions are everywhere. Make sure you are paying more attention to your teacher by just turning off your cell phone, and it helps. Know how the skill that will benefit you and for life study effectively. It requires lots of time and patience when developing practical study skills. Discovering the types or process of studying works best for you and to follow these tips will help you knock your next test out of the park!

Listen to your body clock as well as notice when you feel less fatigue or yawn less. Please don’t torture yourself with Espressos and Red Bulls and, it’s always not better to stay alert for longer later that day instead to sleep for a couple more hours to be more productive.

To tackle the most demanding and challenging tasks when you have the energy to do so. Make it a point to assign a specific time to your job and complete it within that time-frame. Complete a task on time and reward yourself every time you accomplish something. If you have time on hand, don’t delay tasks.

It can be complicated to break this habit. You need to change your behaviour pattern consciously and actively try to avoid procrastinating to get rid of the practice altogether. This requires focus, time, commitment and patience.

Avoid Taking Stress:

Whenever you feel de-motivated and anxious, consider several scenarios of what will happen and try to be realistic about your succeeding/failing in a particular task. Just that if you don’t pass this extremely complicated statistics test, will it be the end of the world for you? Indeed, it doesn’t mean that one should not care but always try not to stress the grades – ask any graduate about what happened after they failed an exam, especially about the changes. You’ll probably get a reply of “nothing really”.

Both for students and for teachers, stressful events are prevalent in educational settings. A multitude of evaluations, exams and deadlines creates an enormous performance pressure. However, this stress can have an impact that can be critical on memory processes and learning, which are present at the heart of our educational system. Beyond their relevance in educational contexts, induced stress in alterations in learning and memory its contribution to stress-related mental disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder or major depressive disorder.

Therefore, studies in a large number have been conducted to understand better how stress affects memory and learning. With stress having both impairing and enhancing effects on memory, the effects of stress were complex and depending on the specific stage affected by stress or memory process and the activity profile of major physiological stress response systems.

Our ability to learn and remember has been reaching far consequences, with significant implications for education settings. Considering that stress is ubiquitous in education and understanding the effects of stress on memory is very important because even primary school children often report stress symptoms. For one, laying the foundation of later career success and socioeconomic status and an optimized education is of utmost importance for the individual. In addition, our educational system is highly relevant for society as a whole by building and instructing the next generation.

The moment you focus on something that’s more entertaining and put off a dreaded project —like scrolling through food photos/videos available on Instagram/Youtube where you probably do feel a blissful sense of relief. But on some level, the task at your hand would still haunt you, knowing that you still have to complete it in the back of your mind and on several fronts that can take a toll.

The focus on parts of your life where you repeatedly put things off and make small is the key to breaking out of the procrastination-stress loop and doable changes to help you get things done and in turn, helps to take less stress. While one probably won’t be able to entirely kick-out the lousy habit—research shows that being a procrastinator is impulsive in your genes, you can dial it back.

So, this topic’s conclusion is, try to give yourself a break and try again tomorrow if you just can’t get around to something today.

Start Eating Healthy and Exercise:

Would you believe that avoiding junk food and sugary drinks can significantly boost your performance as your blood sugar levels and prevent to jump like crazy? Go for whole grains, berries, nuts and fish. And yes, you have a better option than that flapjack from a library vending machine isn’t the best option – it probably has more sugar than a Snickers bar!

The brain is the most complex and complicated part of one’s body. The brain is like a computer, and it runs millions of processes every day at every moment. The brain never stops working, so it continually needs to be fuelled by glucose, a type of sugar, which operates the brain.

The body obtains glucose from the food that we consume, and it is delivered to the brain through the bloodstream. However, the problem is that the brain is unable to store glucose, so glucose levels need to be topped every day.

If the brain is not adequately fuelled, one is most likely to feel irritated and sad. One might also face trouble in sleeping, concentrating, has low memory and difficulty in problem-solving. This is one of the leading reasons why it is necessary to eat well for studying to have a better level of concentration and focus.

The food that one puts into their body can significantly impact their brain and how it works. If you are a student and are trying to memorize, process and understand a lot of new information, it is necessary to keep your health in check. Be mindful of what you put into your body.

Choosing to stay healthy can help you promote your academic performance, helping you reach your educational goal. Even though it is essential to maintain an overall healthy diet that will keep your body and brain nourished, allowing you to be ready to take on various challenging tasks, research has shown that certain foods may be necessary, especially for brain health and mental health performance.

Before we know about what we should eat, let’s learn about why it is necessary to eat well. It is always better to learn about how the food you eat affects one’s body and brain. Making healthy food choices will help one improve their memory, fuel their brain, and help them excel your study schedule.

Believe it or not, after eating one healthy meal, you may not see a difference on the scale, but –– even one day of better choices makes a difference, and it’s a quite a lot.

You’ll begin healing your gut as well as your brain! That means that good bacteria have been created from good food will begin to replace bad ones in your digestive track, and your body inflammation will reduce, which will positively impact your brain’s healthy function.

Now that we have talked about what foods items to eat when studying, let’s discuss about what food items to avoid during exams. Students need to eat healthily and take care of their mental and physical health.

Unfortunately, most of the traditional student diet is not suitable for the brain during exam time. Below we have provided a list of food items and ingredients that can hinder in your brain and body. Avoid the following food items, and you might have a better chance of concentrating on your studies during your exams.

Fried food 

Everyone is aware that fried food is bad for you because of the high levels of cholesterol and high levels of saturated fats. When one is studying and don’t have much time to cook, people prefer ordering some takeout or snacking or any chips can be appealing.

Unfortunately, junk foods, especially fried foods, have an adverse effect on the brain. Dr Martha Clare Morris said that saturated fats and cholesterol could block the blood from entering your brain, reducing its power.

The build-up of these compounds, over a long time period, can lead to dementia and even Alzheimer’s disease. Especially during your exam sessions, you should avoid fried foods to keep your brain healthy.

Rather have: A long-time diet that is high in folic acid and folate can improve memory and promote slow ageing of the brain. Some food item which is ‘folic-y’ such as beans, citrus fruits, avocado, and lentils are some options you can try.


Sugar even though sometimes stimulates, also hits the brainpower pretty hard. A study done in 2015 proved that mice on a higher sugar and higher fat diet suffered cognitively. Their short-term and long-term memory reduced, but their ability to solve problems also suffered.

What makes sugar even more unremarkable is how seemingly healthy foods – such as whole-wheat bread, yoghurt, canned tomato sauce, juice, and dried fruits are loaded with these kinds of stuff. So be careful with your food selection.

Rather have: A study showed that blueberries help improve short-term memory by repairing the damaged nerve cells. This study also showed that spinach and strawberries give the same effect to a lesser effect.


One thing one must avoid to keep their brain healthy is foods that are high in trans-fat. A study done in 2012 in Neurology showed that eating large amounts of trans-fat has led to brain shrinkage and less processing power.

According to another study, a high in trans-fat diet can increase the risk of depression by up to 48%.

Food items those are high in trans-fat including frozen pizza, microwaved popcorn and coffee creamer. Try are and avoid them, especially if are trying to study and concentrate. If you need something to munch on, you can have any of the snacks mentioned earlier.

Rather have Food items rich in vitamin K, which increases brain power and cognitive functioning. Green vegetables like broccoli and kale are high on these brain-boosting vitamins.


Coffee is the glorious, well-known energy-producing staple beverage for almost every student. Unfortunately, when you consume coffee or any other drink that has caffeine such as soda or any other energy drink, it has an adverse effect on the brain overdone.

As mentioned earlier in the article, coffee, or any other caffeinated drink should only be consumed at a minimal amount. Caffeine creates energy by blocking the sleep-producing chemical adenosine from entering one’s nerves.

Even though this works for providing a short-term energy boost, the long term effect of this can be harmful. The lack of sleep that is caused by caffeine may cause the body to undergo symptoms related to anxiety-like insomnia, heart palpitation and shaking.

Rather have: Sometimes, all we need is a little hydration. Hydration helps in boosting one’s energy and making us feel awake. When you feel like you cannot continue concentrating anymore, sometimes a little hydration is all you need. Don’t hesitate in chugging back a glass of water or two to help your cells hydrate and energize.


Fish is good for brain functioning, and that has been mentioned earlier. After all, the DHA fatty acid that is found in many fish has been linked to improving memory.

However, since a fresh salmon doesn’t exactly fit every student’s budget, tuna is often considered a viable alternative. This is because it is much cheaper. However, in reality, tuna can severely damage your brain.

Years of industrial pollution have severely polluted and tainted the oceans. As a result of which the higher concentration of mercury has also contaminated the tuna that lives in the ocean. A high level of mercury in one’s body negatively affects cognitive functioning and can also damage other major organs like the heart.

Rather have: Other fishes like salmon, mackerel and sardines offer higher levels of fatty acid without as much mercury, giving your brain the required amount of DHA for the brainpower.

Eating meals that are versatile or maintaining a balanced diet most of the time will help you in studying and concentrating better. This will lead to better results both in long-term and short-term. Even though many brain foods may show immediate results, the best results are the ones that show over time.

Carbohydrates that makes you hungry again in a quick time will also be reduced the levels of hunger because you’re not eating junk. Instead, they should be fueling your body with slow-burning energy sources such as complex carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats. It all boils down to less and fewer cravings, and that’s something we all want.

Sport is another good idea, after long hours sitting by the desk, your body will be thankful for any movement. Studies have conveyed that exercise positively influences cognitive performance. Surely in today’s busy world nobody got time for sports, but you still can squeeze thirty minutes of high-intensity interval workout into a schedule.

Never Shy About Getting Help:

This recommendation will be especially relevant for assignments and exam preparation – that’s when it will be much helpful to find former students from your course. Ask people who’ve already had finished that assignment to share instead of going through every bit of information available.

Ask for their tips, help you by sending you their notes, or even work (don’t blatantly copy it, use it wisely to become efficient and save your time). Also, don’t neglect any of your lecturer’s office hours. Many lecturers as the date approaches refuse to answer exam-related questions and ask them as many questions as possible or you wish to while you have this option.

Are you the type of person who is positively motivated towards things? For example, knowing there’s a bonus at the end of the quarter, you working really hard. Or are you the one sitting on your butt until your boss comes around like a slacker and threatens to fire you, only then making your move to avoid the negative?

To deal with a difficult task and make tough decisions, we procrastinate to avoid having and it one of the main reason. You don’t even want to get started if you’re trying to write the perfect paper, and can be so intimidating to come up with the perfect thesis.

Think about how much frustration will be caused if you continue not to take action and the amount of stress that’s been caused by putting things off. Imagine if once you finally do act, how good you would feel. Compare the cost and value of taking action to not taking it at all. This will surely motivate you in the correct direction.

Motivation Is The Key:

Like inspirational quotes or this post, no external motivation will make you more motivated than seeing your own progress. More than Human beings can imagine what they are usually capable of, but they are much more than that. So instead of leaving work till the last minute or finding excuses to avoid studying, try to visualize a bigger picture.

Always keep in mind the three positive consequences of achieving your goal noted below. Note that to give you an extra kick, these outcomes should are serious enough. The hardest part is to start, as you and like all other people don’t be waiting for the stars to aligned or the perfect moment.

Which you may deem to be uncomfortable or essentially avoid that. It’s an adaptive response to anxiety, fear and stress. The problem with that someone may face with this tactic is that it ultimately leads to more stress, more anxiety, greater fear, and putting off an important task— and of course, not completing the task.

This procrastination can lead to inadequacy, depression and feelings of guilt — perpetuate the unproductive cycle and all of which can kill creativity and motivation. Feeling overwhelmed, poor time management, just plain laziness or unrealistic standards are a few possible reasons for procrastination.

As much as you have a problem at work, maybe you don’t have a procrastination problem. If you find yourself procrastinating day doing what you’re meant to do in and out, or for week after week, or for month after month, year after year, maybe you’re not. Maybe its time to get a drop out of school, switch careers or a new job and pursue your passion.

Of course, there’s also a fair chance that you’re faced with an unpleasant or painful task, and you simply need to power to get to where you actually want to be in life. If that’s such case, then read on (or better yet, stop reading now and go do what you need to do).

Motivation feels energizing, drives us to get things done and most importantly feels good. When motivation feels hard to come, we all face challenging or slow periods and as motivations don’t always come naturally. We can find it challenging to complete assignments during these times, attend class, or study for exams.

In different circumstances, positive as well as negative motivations can be convincing. Try and notice the effects of other motivators on you. Generally, a goal that you are genuinely interested in or enjoy can be easier to pursue, to avoid a negative outcome, which can actually make us feel overwhelmed or helpless.

The accomplishment of a task can help keep your spirits up. Planning small rewards like a break or a treat after completion of the task do motivates you. In anticipation of another reward around the corner after you get the next thing done can also make it much easier for a student to get back to studying after a brief, or refreshing break.

We are all aware that if we don’t plug in our phone to charge, it will run out of battery or juice. It’s the same for us.

So take time to recharge –time to meet friends, schedule regular breaks, exercise, listen to your favourite song and most importantly get enough sleep. You may feel like you don’t have the time, but you’ll be surprised after a restful or fun break how much clearer you can think and work.

Read More: Importance Of Sleep Essay


Procrastination is a very natural and common fault most of us share, but if you see things get out of your hands, it may get you into trouble. Loose control of one assigned schedules and deadlines can very much disrupt your life due to posing excessive procrastination habit. So if their habit of procrastination gets out of hand, then one should try to get things back in control.

Changing your environment can be beneficial at some times for many people. It provides you with the much necessary boost by stopping procrastinating and motivating you to finish your task. Ask a friend or probably your parents to check on your progress of improvement and encourage you to complete your task on time by keeping your motivation level high up.

We are all have been a victim to procrastination from time to time in our life, so the main concern is not to blame or over-focus for procrastinating sometimes. Keep a check that it does not derail your entire schedule and give yourself a few breaks and get back to work as soon as possible. Discipline and organize life always solves major problems.

The Right Way to Choose Your Career

How to Find the Best Career

The Right Way to Choose Your Career

One of the best ways to choose the right career is to go by your hobbies and interests, be it cooking, sports, fashion, writing, meeting and interacting with people, teaching, music, dance, fine arts, etc. Focus your strengths on the career you choose. And you must “advance confidently in the direction of your dreams and endeavour to live the life which you have imagined.”

Choosing your career is a crucial step as it involves your entire future career prospects. Often, it is observed that a large number of students are unaware of what they want to be. This confusion amounts to aimlessness and can be compared to a situation like boarding a train without knowing one’s destination. Undoubtedly, it may result in waste of your precious time, efforts as well as money, resulting in repentance, disappointment and frustration.

This underscores the need for exploring the various career options available and their suitability with reference to your career dreams, qualifications, talent, interests, strengths and weaknesses, career growth potential in proposed career option. It is important because setting an unattainable goal would prove incoherent.

The following guidelines, in this regard, may prove useful:
How to check what you are passionate about, where your interest lies and if you have some inborn talent in you?
(i) Any activity, hobby or work which you enjoy doing again and again is one of important signs of discovering your passion. It could be playing one of the popular games like cricket, football, tennis, etc.; listening and singing songs, dancing, drawing and making sketches, love for nature, plants, being exited to know how a toy, motor car works, dismantling and assembling parts, etc., visiting places, interest in reading stories, essays, poems and other forms of literature and gardening, dreaming about flying an aeroplane etc.
Once you’ve thought about the subjects and activities you like best, the next step is to look for careers that put those interests to use. If you love sports, for example, you might consider a career as a gym teacher, recreational therapist, or coach. If you like math, a career as a cost estimator, accountant, or budget analyst might be a good fit Thus it is essential to know yourself, discover your talent and determine your interest i.e. what you love to do.

(ii) The type of interest, hobby or work you always look forward to do and you never feel tired in performing the activity. And you always get excited and curious on getting an opportunity to do what you like.

(iii) Another significant indication of your passion is that you are not bothered about the reward you will get for pursuing your passion.

(iv) You often dream about your passion. The right choice of a career begins with a dream. A dream is where you want to see yourself one day.

To find the right career, choose one that suits your interests, aptitudes, work- related values, and personality type. While you should also consider earnings, job outlook, and duties, nothing contributes more to job satisfaction than matching your occupation to your character traits and motivations.

Read More: My Hobby Drawing

Career Path for 10+2
It’s time to say good-bye to all confusions, tensions and apprehensions about your future. We are here to guide you in this not-so-easy task of choosing a career. We have tried to make it simple for you by providing complete information regarding different fields – the usual and the not-so-usual, the different and the not-so-different, the exciting and the not-so-exciting. In short, we have attempted to cover each and every topic to facilitate you choose your career. Read carefully, and make the right choice.

#1. Broadly speaking, career route after passing out from school begins either by seeking admission to any educational, professional or vocational course, depending upon the student’s performance in terms of eligibility conditions laid down by various institutes or, of course, before the enrolment, the student and his advisers must keep in mind his or her interest, attitude and future prospects in that particular field. Important courses after 10+2 have been mentioned in the following paragraphs.

#2. Nowadays it is almost essential that one has to face tough competition for getting admission into any professional, vocational and prestigious course- be it admission to Medical, Dental, Para Medical (like Nursing, Pharmacy, etc.) Engineering, Architecture, Computer, Information Technology, Business Administration, Hotel Management, Law or National Defence Academy and Naval Academy, Merchant Navy, Special Class Railway Apprentices exams etc. It is necessary to bear in mind the particular course/institute to which one wants to get admitted and to start preparing well in advance.

A large number of coaching institutes, both regular and correspondence, are offering preparation facilities. Here, a little care is needed to go in for an institute which has a good track record of achievements, qualified and experienced faculty and is professional in approach.

#3. You can prepare for direct recruitment in a Bank, Insurance Company, Defence Forces, Para Military Forces, or other competitive examinations conducted by Staff Selection Commission, New Delhi or State Staff Selection Commissions for various jobs. Competition is also very tough here and hard work with consistency is needed for success.

#4. You can go for self employment by starting your own business like opening your own shop, running your own factory, trading of goods etc. To be successful in this field one needs to possess entrepreneurial qualities. Some of these are: knowledge of the particular line of business you want to enter, confidence, leadership, good communication skills, ability to work hard, risk bearing capacity, far-sightedness, ability to manage your time and your staff well, to get along with people comfortably, and preferably a good personality.

In addition, you need to make investment. But those having meagre financial resources can also start from a shoe string budget and with their efforts expand their business gradually and ultimately make it big. Financial assistance is also made available by State Financial Corporations, Banks and Organisations related to promotion of small scale industries etc.

Prominent Careers for PCMB Students after 12th Prominent Careers for PCM Students After 12th Prominent Careers for PCB students after 12th Prominent Careers for Commerce students after 12th Prominent Careers for Humanities Students after 12th

Best Trading Courses in India 2022 | Online Stock Trading Degree For Beginners, Certification, Fees

Trading Courses in India

Trading Courses in India: Trading courses are specially designed for students eager to learn about the strategies and applications used in stock trading. With the help of trading courses, you will learn all the techniques used in the buying and selling of shares for a particular company.

However, it was previously difficult to obtain certified courses that could provide you with extensive knowledge of the trading market. But now there are ample opportunities available for you, with the help of which you can develop your skills in the stock market and apply them to earn the perfect amount of profit.

Here, in this article, we will be helping you by providing detailed information on trading courses in India along with their eligibility, course types, fees, and the best platforms to study. Scroll down to find out more.

Table of Contents

  1. What Are Trading Courses in India?
  2. Trading Courses in India Eligibility Criteria
  3. Best Online Stock Trading Courses in India
  4. Forex Trading Courses in India
  5. Commodity Trading Courses in India
  6. Intraday Trading Courses in India
  7. Options Trading Courses in India
  8. Career Scope After Share Market Courses
  9. Job Opportunities and Salary structure in Stock Market Courses
  10. FAQs on Stock Trading Courses in India

What Are Trading Courses in India?

These days, stock trading courses are available in the domain of certification and diplomas, which can be pursued as stock trading courses for beginners as well as for intermediates and professionals. You can learn a lot about structured, live trade demonstrations, expert instruction with access to resources, mentoring, and a trading community for interactive learning during the trading courses.

These trading courses will teach you the detailed steps and the ways in which you can get into the trading sector. With the help of trading courses, you can pursue trading as a profession. Also, when you invest money, it must give you a safe return, and these courses will help you do the same.

Trading Courses in India Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility for the trading courses is that a candidate must have cleared Class 12th. They must possess a little knowledge about the trade sector. However, for the UG and PG degree courses, you need to have a good command of specific subjects in Class 12th.

Best Online Stock Trading Courses in India

The best online stock trading courses are offered by many trading platforms. With the help of technology, you can pursue online stock trading courses from the top foreign universities while just sitting in India. In just a few hours, you can complete these online trading courses.

Some of them are available for free, but for some, the institutes charge a specific amount for the certificate. You may find a list of top institutes offering online stock trading courses with minimum duration.

Institutes  Sessions  Fees  Duration 
Booming Bulls Academy Online and classroom Rs 35000 4-5 weeks
Henry Harvin Live sessions Rs 15000 24 hours
BSE Institute Ltd Live Sessions Rs. 7000.00 + 10.30% (service Tax + Education Cess) 4 days
Nifty Trading Academy (Beginners) Online Rs 5000 2 day
National Institute of Securities Market (NISM) Online Rs 1500 4 weeks
National Stock Exchange Academy Online Rs 30,000 110 hours
IFMC Online Rs 1080 6 months
Trading 4 living-learning institutes Online Rs 13,500 75 hours of training and practice
Sharewolves Stock market Training Academy Online Rs 5000 4 weeks

Forex Trading Courses in India

Forex trading is related to performing trades in various currencies. As the trading takes place in the global marketplace, the trading can sometimes be a little risky. There are various courses such as certificates, diplomas, undergraduate, postgraduate, and more in which you can choose to pursue the forex trading courses in India.

After the completion of Class 12, you can choose to go to the FX market. With proper training and certification, you can build your career in the same way. So, have a look at the top courses related to the FX market in detail.

Courses  Level  Institutes & College Mode of Learning  Fees  Duration 
Forex Trading A-Z Certificate Udemy Online 8,640 1 week
Foreign Exchange Facilities for Individuals Certificate IIBF, Mumbai Offline 1,600
Certificate Course in Foreign Exchange Certificate YMCA, New Delhi Offline 30,000
Diploma in Insurance and Risk Management Diploma ICAI, New Delhi Offline 6,150 4 months to 3 years
PG Diploma in Forex and Risk Management PG Diploma World Trade Center, Mumbai Offline 35000 4 months to 3 years
BBA in Forex Management Undergraduate – Business Administration Chandigarh University, Ajitgarh Offline 48,000 3 years
MBA in Foreign Trade Postgraduation Pondicherry University Offline 66,718 2 years
Introduction to Forex (Foreign Exchange) Certificate edX Online 6,566 2 weeks

Also check,

Commodity Trading Courses in India

Commodity trading courses teach you about the sale and purchase of various commodities and their derivatives. Here, the commodity can be any item related to agriculture, energy, or metal items. There are various online courses available through which you can gain command of commodity trading.

The list of the top 10 best online courses is listed below. These are available from the top institutes such as Udemy, Shaw Academy, and more.

  • Futures/Commodity Training (Basics) by Udemy
  • Udemy offers FX Commodity Chart Trading Patterns for Success
  • Udemy’s spread Trader’s Crash Course on Trading Commodity Futures
  • Udemy offers The Ultimate Commodity Channel Index Trading Strategy Course
  • Udemy offers an online course How to Trade Commodity Futures for a Living
  • Shaw academy offers Commodities Trading: Master the Supply and Demand Market
  • Futures/Currency/Commodity Trading Master Class by Udemy
  • Udemy course on The Complete Trading Guide to Commodities Options Selling
  • Udemy offers Commodity Channel Index (CCI): as Technical Analysis Indicator

Intraday Trading Courses in India

Today, trading is all about the sale and purchase of stocks on the same day for profits. There are no such investments taking place, and day-to-day activities are taking place. But to get immersed in this career, you need to have a good command of and skills in intraday trading.

Thus, to opt for a suitable course, you can refer to the below list. It is necessary to have proper knowledge because if you get into the project with limited information, then there are high chances for losses.

Courses  Credentials  Cost of the Program  Duration 
IFMC – Quick Trader Certificate Rs.13000 1 Month
IFMC – Uni-Directional Trade Strategies Certificate Rs.3600 Online with material access validity 6 months
NIFM course on Master in Trading & Investment Program Certificate Rs.30000 10 days
Stock Pathshala – Technical Analysis course Certificate Rs.999 to Rs.7499 No fixed duration, Online content
Udemy – The Complete Technical Analysis Course Certificate Rs.455 No fixed duration, Lifetime access

Options Trading Courses in India

Options trading is a type of trading in which traders can speculate on the future direction of the overall stock market or individual securities, such as stocks or bonds. It will help investors to know if the price of an asset will go higher or lower on a specific date.

This seems to be an interesting part of the trade, but you need to hold various skills for the speculation. Unlike the other trading domains, options trading also follows a specific pattern. Thus, to get more information about the courses, refer to the below list.

Courses  Institutes  Certificate  Fees  Mode 
Certification in Online Options Trading Strategies NSE India Yes 700 Online
Introduction to options trading (Especially for beginners) Udemy Yes Free Online
Online Options Trading Workshops P R Sundar No 70000 Online
Options Trading Course SimplerTrading Yes Varies according to plans Online
Options Trading Basics Udemy Yes 700 Online
Options Trading in Plain English for Beginners Udemy Yes 700 Online
Options Trading Masterclass for Beginners Udemy Yes 700 Online
Options Trading Simplified- [Introductory Free Course] Udemy Yes Free Online
OptionStrategiesInsider Option Strategies Insider Yes $97 basic plan price Online
Professional Options Trading Course OptionsGeek No $169 Basic plan Online
Trading Options For Consistent Returns Udemy Yes Free Online

Career Scope After Share Market Courses

The Indian stock market has opened a lot of career opportunities for students who have a specialization in the stock market. You can earn a respectable salary when you get involved in the stock market. However, there are a lot of risk factors involved in the share market which can be overcome with the help of proper knowledge and skills.

There are various courses and domains available in the share market in which you can pursue a specialization. You can easily participate in the stock market after the fulfillment of terms and conditions and start working in the sector.

Job Opportunities and Salary structure in Stock Market Courses

There are a lot of career opportunities in the share market sector. Here, you can earn a salary of up to Rs 2,50,000 in the beginning if you know the skills of making profits. With more experience, you can earn around Rs 10,00,000 easily.

The top job profiles in which you may start working in the share market sector are listed below.

  • Equity Research Analyst
  • Portfolio Management
  • Stockbroker
  • Market Researcher
  • Technical Analyst
  • Investment Advisor/Financial Advisor

Read More: My Vision For India In 2047 Paragraph In English

FAQs on Stock Trading Courses in India

1. How can I build a career in stock trading?

To become a professional in the stock market, you need to have a command of specific skills. With the proper knowledge, you can easily earn a high amount of profit. The stock market offers you an opportunity to indulge in a full-time option for your career.

2. Is day trading difficult?

Sometimes it happens that the stock market becomes volatile, which makes it difficult to operate. But with patience, you can overcome this difficulty. So, use your best skills and knowledge while working as a day trader.

3. How can I learn about stock trading?

Stock trading can be learned by studying a specialized degree (best way), having online sessions, attending seminars, analyzing the market, getting expert advice, reading books on trading, etc.

4. What is the average fee for the stock trading courses?

The fee structure varies from course to course. But on average, you can study stock trading from Rs 1,000 to Rs 1,50,000 a year. The certificate courses have lower fees, whereas the specialized degree programs cost more.

5. Is stock trading difficult to learn?

If you are studying any subject with full dedication and determination, then nothing is difficult. However, investing is not as hard as it seems. With the knowledge of tools and the required skills, you can easily hold a command in stock trading.

The trading market gives you a lot of career options, and with the advancement in the education system, you can pursue trading courses to enhance your skills and knowledge. If you have extensive knowledge of the financial world, you can easily advance your career in it.

Stay tuned for more information on stock trading courses at Ncertbooks.Guru. If you face any difficulty in choosing the right course, you may ask your questions in the below comment section and we will be happy to assist you.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary


Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow choosing the correct options among the given ones :

I. Through the mist Bijju is calling to his sister. I can hear him running about on the hillside but I cannot see him. (Page 113)

Multiple Choice Questions
1. The scene being described here is
(a) the first day of monsoon
(b) the last day of monsoon
(c) an ordinary day on the hills
(d) a winter day.

2. The author cannot see Bijju because
(a) he is not in the line of his eyes
(b) it is misty
(c) it is night
(d) he is blind.

3. The passage is written by
(a) Satyajit Ray
(b) Rabindranath Tagore
(c) Nathaniel Hawthorne Answers
(d) Ruskin Bond.

1. (a) the first day of monsoon
2. (b) it is misty
3. (d) Ruskin Bond

II. In the evening it attacked one of Bijju’s cows but fled at the approach of Bijju’s mother, who came screaming imprecations.
As for the leeches, I shall soon get used to a little bloodletting every day. (Page 114)

1. What does ‘it’ in the first line refer to ?
2. What causes the bloodletting ?
3. What did Bijju’s mother do ?
4. Find a word in the passage which means ‘curses’. Answers

1. ‘It’ refers to the leopard.
2. The leeches cause the bloodletting.
3. Bijju’s mother chased the leopard away.
4. Imprecations.

III. It is a good sound to read by—the rain outside, the quiet within—and, although tin roofs are given to springing unaccountable leaks, there is a feeling of being untouched by, and yet in touch with, the rain.

Multiple Choice Questions
1. Here, the author is praising
(a) tin roofs
(b) rain
(c) springing
(d) leaks.

2. The ‘good sound’ is produced by
(a) rain only
(b) tin roofs only
(c) rain and tin roofs
(d) rain and leaks.

3. The word ‘springing’ here means
(a) jumping
(b) creating
(c) a season
(d) finishing.

1. (a) tin roofs
2. (c) rain and tin roofs
3. (b) creating

IV. The blackest cloud I’ve ever seen squatted over Mussoorie, and then it hailed marbles for half an hour. Nothing like a hailstorm to clear the sky. Even as I write, I see a rainbow forming. (Page 117)

1. What season is being described ?
2. What do the ‘marbles’ refer to ?
3. What does the author mean by ‘clear sky’ ?

1. Rainy season is being described here.
2. The marbles refer to ‘hails’.
3. A clear sky means ‘a sky free of clouds’.


1. Why is the author not able to see Bijju ?
2. What are the two ways in which the hills appear to change when the mist comes up ?

1. The author is not able to see Bijju because of the mist. The mist has blocked the vision.
2. The mist covers the hills and all the atmosphere. So they cannot be seen. The second change is that the birds stop singing. This makes the hills suddenly silent.

1. When does the monsoon season begin and when does it end ? How do you prepare to face the monsoon ?
2. Which hill-station does the author describe in this diary entry ?
3. For how many days does it rain without stopping ? What does the author do on these days ?
4. Where do the snakes and rodents take shelter ? Why ?
5. What did the author receive in the mail ?

1. The monsoon generally begins in the end of June. It generally ends in the end of August or in the beginning of September. We buy raincoats or umbrellas to face the monsoon.
2. Mussoorie.
3. It has rained for eight or nine days without stopping. During these the author has been pacing the room or looking out of the window.
4. The snakes and rodents take shelter in roofs, attics and godowns. They do so because their holes are flooded with water. Out of the holes, these are the convenient places for them.
5. The author received a cheque in the mail.

Question. 1.
Look carefully at the diary entries for June 24-25, August 2 and March 23. Now write down the changes that happen as the rains progress from June to March.

Monsoon arrives on June 24. The first real monsoon shower comes on June 25. The whole nature welcomes it. The author feels the joy himself and in everything around him.

By August 2, the people become weary of the monsoon. It is so because the movement in the open has become difficult. There is no sunshine for more than a week.

March 23 heralds the end of winter. After a hailstorm, there is a rainbow in the sky. It shows the beauty of nature.

Question. 2.
Why did the grandmother ask the children not to kill the Chuchundar ?

Grandmother believed that Chuchundars are lucky. She thought that with them came money. So she asked the children not to kill it.

Question. 3.
What signs do we find in Nature which show that the monsoons are about to end ?

At the end of the monsoon, the lush monsoon growth reaches its peak. The seeds of the cobra lily turn red. These things show that the monsoons are about to end.

Question. 4.
Complete the following sentences.
(i) Bijju is not seen but his voice is heard because___.
(ii) The writer describes the hill station and valley as___.
(iii) The leopard was successful in but had to flee when___.
(iv) The minivets are easily noticed because___.
(v) It looks like a fashion display on the slopes when___.
(vi) During the monsoon season, snakes and rodents are found in roofs and attics because___.

(i) the mist obstructs the author’s vision.
(ii) ‘A paradise that might have been’.
(iii) killing a dog but had to flee when Bijju’s mother arrived crying curses.
(iv) of their bright colours.
(v) they are covered by a variety of flowers.
(vi) their holes are flooded with water and these things provide them convenient shelters.

Question. 5.
‘Although tin roofs are given to springing unaccountable leaks, there is a feeling of being untouched by, and yet in touch with, the rain.’
(i) Why has the writer used the word, ‘springing’ ?
(ii) How is the writer untouched by the rain ?
(iii) How is the writer in touch with the rain at the same time ?

(i) The word ‘springing’ gives the idea of suddenness.
(ii) The author is untouched by the rain because he is in a room. The room pro-tects him from rain.
(iii) The writer hears the sound of rainfall on his tin-roof. So he is in touch with the rain.

Question. 6.
Mention a few things that can happen when there is endless rain for days together.

When there is endless rain for days together, the life becomes difficult. To go out becomes difficult. One gets bored living in the room all the time. Everything becomes damp and soggy. The washed clothes do not get dried. Constant rainfall is an invitation for many insects, rodents and snakes to enter the house.

It can also cause diseases. The sun is the source of life. If sunlight doesn’t reach people for a long time, they fall ill.

Question. 7.
What is the significance of cobra lily in relation to the monsoon season, its beginning and end ?

The first cobra lily is seen with the arrival of the monsoon. When its seeds begin to turn red, it is an indication that the rains are over.


Question 1.
Here are some words that are associated with the monsoon. Add as many words as you can to this list. Can you find words for these in your languages ?
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary 1

rainwater, fog, overcast, damp, soggy, raincoat, darkness, leaks.
Hindi words for those given in the question are :
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary 2

Question 2.
Look at the sentences below.
(i) Bijju wandered into the garden in the evening.
(ii) The trees were ringing with birdsong.
Notice the highlighted verbs.

The verb wandered tells us what Bijju did that evening. But the verb was ringing tells us what was happening continually at same time in the past (the birds were chirping in the trees).

Now look at the sentences below. They tell us about something that happened in the past. They also tell us about other things that happened continually at the same time in the past.

Put the verbs in the brackets into their proper forms. The first one is done for you.
(i) We (get out) of the school bus. The bell (ring) and everyone (rush) to class.
We got out of the school bus. The bell was ringing and everyone was rushing to class.
(ii) The traffic (stop). Some people (sit) on the road and they (shout) slogans.
(iii) I (wear) my raincoat. It (rain) and people (get) wet.
(iv) She (see) a film. She (narrate) it to her friends who (listen) carefully.
(v) We (go) to the exhibition. Some people (buy) clothes while others (play) games.
(vi) The class (is) quiet. Some children (read) books and the rest (draw).

(ii) The traffic stopped. Some people were sitting on the road and they were shouting slogans.
(iii) I was wearing my raincoat. It was raining and people were getting wet.
(iv) She had seen a film. She was narrating it to her friends who were listening carefully.
(v) We went to the exhibition. Some people were buying clothes while others were playing games.
(vi) The class was quiet. Some children were reading books and the rest were drawing.

Question 3.
Here are some words from the lesson which describe different kinds of sounds.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary 3
(i) Match these words with their correct meanings.
(a) to fall in small drops
(b) to make a sound by hitting a surface repeatedly
(c) to move quickly through the air, making a soft sound id) harsh sound made by birds
(e) ringing sound (of a bell or breaking glass, etc.)

(ii) Now fill in the blanks using the correct form of the words given above.
(a) Ramesh__on his desk in impatience.
(b) Rain water___from the umbrella all over the carpet.
(c) The pony___its tail.
(d) The___of breaking glass woke me up.
(e) The___of the raven disturbed the child’s sleep.

(i) (a) —> drip
(b) —> drum
(c) —> swish
(d) —> caw
(e) —> tinkle

(ii) (a) Ramesh drummed on his desk in impatience.
(b) Rain water dripped from the umbrella all over the carpet.
(c) The pony swished its tail.
(d) The tinkle of the breaking glass woke me up.
(e) The caw of the raven disturbed the child’s sleep.

Question 4.
And sure enough, I received a cheque in the mail.
Complete each sentence below by using appropriate phrase from the ones given below.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary 4
1. I saw thick black clouds in the sky. And ___ ___ it soon started raining heavily.
2. The blue umbrella was ___ ___ for the brother and sister.
3. The butterflies are ___ ___ to get noticed
4. The lady was ___ ___ to chase the leopard
5. The boy was ___ ___ to call out to his sister.
6. The man was ___ ___ to offer help.
7. The victim’s injury was ___ ___ for him to get admitted in hospital
8. That person was ___ ___ to repeat the same mistake again.
9. He told me he was sorry and he would compensate for the loss. I said,___ ___

(i) sure enough
(ii) big enough
(iii) colourful enough
(iv) brave enough
(v) anxious enough
(vi) kind enough
(vii) serious enough
(viii) foolish enough
(ix) “Fair enough”

SPEAKING (Page 120)
Question 1.
Do you believe in superstitions ? Why, or why not ? Working with your partner, write down three superstitious beliefs that you are familiar with.

No. I don’t believe in superstitions. However there is one snag in this statement. One man’s belief may be superstitious to the other and vice versa.
Three common superstitions are :
(i) No. 13 is ominous
(ii) Stop if a black cat crosses your path.
(iii) Do not sleep with your feet pointing towards south.

Question 2.
How many different kinds of birds do you come across in the lesson ? How many varieties do you see in your neighbourhood ? Are there any birds that you used to see earlier in your neighbourhood but not now ? In groups discuss why you think this is happening.

We come across five kinds of birds in this lesson. These are: minivets, drongos, crow, whistling thrush and ‘shrew’. We do not see many varieties in our neighbourhood. There are two birds which used to be seen in our neighbourhood but have now disap-peared. These are peacocks and vultures. Poaching, felling of trees and pollution of the environment are three important reasons for its happening.

WRITING (Page 121)
Question 1.
The monsoons are a time of great fun and even a few adventures: playing in the rain and getting wet, wading through knee-deep water on your way to school, water flooding the house or the classroom, powercuts and so on.
Write a paragraph describing an incident that occurred during the rains which you can never forget.
Write a poem of your own about the season of spring when trees are in full bloom.

A rainy day in summer is a great blessing. Last Friday, I had not yet left for school, when it began to rain. It rained heavily. Going to school was out of question. So I placed my books on the table and stood near the window. Water had collected everywhere. People were wading through water with raincoats on. Some had umbrellas in their hands. But these gave them little shelter. Children absented themselves from schools.

They played in rain-water and cared little for their mothers who got angry. The roads became slippery. Some persons who slipped on the road, spoiled their clothes. The children had a hearty laugh.
Spring is the season of joy
When Nature becomes a toy.
The trees are in full bloom
Some flowers are in my room.
In spring comes Holi
Let’s play with colour and roli.
There is summer in the air
How lovely the birds and hare !
Spring is the season of joy
When Nature becomes a toy
The trees are in full bloom
I have roses in my room.

Read More: rainy season paragraph

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Honeydew Chapter 8 A Short Monsoon Diary, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

Essay on Electric Vehicles – How Electric Cars Work?

From the past few years electric vehicle became hot topic everywhere. And many people are very interested to buy these EVs as it was eco friendly and fuel free vehicles. To maintain good environment these electric vehicles will help a lot.

If you are also looking for an electric vehicle and if you dont have any idea about them, just have a look at this quick guide essay on electric vehicles as we have provided you with complete information to know about electric vehicles like how it works, what are types and many more are discussed.

What is Electric Vehicle?

Electric vehicles are the mode of transport that runs with an electric motor instead of internal combustion engine. And this vehicles are environmental friendly vehicles as they use little or no fuel. And when it comes to electric vehicles they are very easy to use than fuel cars. As the electric vehicles are cheap, and smoother there is an increase of popularity.

If you see electric vehicles that includes road vehicle like cars, bikes, underwater vessel, rail vehicles, surface vessel, electric aircraft and electric space crafts.

Types of Electric Vehicles

In this section, we are going to look at different types of electric vehicles, as some of the vehicles run on full battery, some vehicles need petrol and fuel even they are electric. So, checkout and know the difference of electric vehicles.

  • Pulg in Electric
  • Hybrid Electric
  • Pulg in Hybrid

Plug in Electric vehicles: These type of vehicles purely run based on electricity and get the power when it is pluugged in to charge. We do not even use single drop of petrol and diesel. And these vehicles are also called as battery electric vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: This type of vehicles run on fuels like petrol and diesel but these vehicles also have electric battery too and that will be recharges through regenerative braking. For these cars we cannot charge the battery by electricity source.

Plug in Hybrid Vehicles: When it comes to plug in hybrid vehicles it is not fullyt electric and not fully hybrid. When you are running out of charge you can use the fuel engine too as we have both fuel and electric engines. And these vehicles can be plugged in to a electricity source to recharge battery.

And we can also see some other classified electric types like

  • Electrically Powered Spacecraft
  • Railbrone Electric Vehicles
  • Air brone Electric Vehicles
  • Sea brone Electric Vehicles
  • On and Off Road Electric Vehicles
  • Space rover Electric Vehicles

Why Using Electric Vehicles are Important?

If you see in our todays world, environment is becoming worst day by day and in that pollution is one of the main reason. By using electric vehicles we can decrease the pollution which is leading to greenhouse emissions, global warming and many others. And using these vehicles is super easy and simple.

We can also reduce the import of oil and diesel which leads to the exposure of toxic gases. Using this electric vehicle is easy to maintain and it saves a lot of money. So, finally by using electric vehicles we can save our earth.

How Electric Vehicles Work?

Electric vehicle is an automatic vehicle, which is having both forward and reverse mode. Electric vehicle has the less inner parts than internal combustion gases. Let us look into the parts of electric vehicle and how they work.

Electric Engine: This electric engine provides power to rotate the wheels for any type of engine like AC motors, AC/DC type. Electric vehicles accelerate faster than vehicles with traditional fuel engines.

Charging: You need to charge your battery at charging points or in the outlet. We can see three types of chargers for electric vehicles which can be able to connect either with type 1 and type 2 connector. And based on our electric vehicle, there will be chargers that comes with electric speeds upto 43kw.

EV Batteries: We get different types of batteries for different models of electric vehicles. The higher the Kw of the battery, there will be the higher the range.

Inverter: In electric vehicles there will also an inverter as they always run on electricity. And this inverter converts the electricity which is in the form of direct current to alternating current.

Drivetrain: Electric vehicles comes with an single speed transmission which sends power from the motor to the wheels.

Pros and Cons of Electric Vehicle

When it comes to pros and cons of electric vehicles, there are lots of benefits to look and along with them there are also some disadvantages of using electric vehicles than internal combustion gases.

Pros of Electric Vehicle

Look into the below to know the benefits or advantages of electric vehicles.

  • Using electric vehicles will reduce greenhouse emissions.
  • There will be no exhaust of spark plug, clutch or gear.
  • You can drive a car without any noise pollution or sound pollution.
  • Low maintainence and money saving.

Cons of Electric Vehicles

Here we have provided you with the disadvantages of using electric vehicles are given below.

  • Cost of replacing the battery is too high.
  • We cannot have huge options to select like internal combustion gas.
  • Availability of charging stations are unstable.
  • Recharging a electric car is a disadvantage as it takes 3 to 10 hours to charge.

Now as you have known everything about electric vehicles, if you are interested to buy them you can checkout our electric cars under 50k with all specifications that are budget friendly.

FAQs About Essay on Electric Vehicles of 2023

  1. How do electric vehicles impact the society?

By using electric cars we can able to reduce the pollution that was caused by internal combusition engines which leads to green house gas emission.

  1. What technology is used in Electric vehicles?

In electric vehicles are pushed by the electromagnetism technology. And these electric vehicles use electricity stored in the battery to power an electric motor.

  1. What are the other names of electric vehicles?

Electric vehicles can also be referred as the battery electric vehicles, plug in hybris electric vehicles, and hybrid electric vehicles.

Key Takeaways

We as a team hoping that you have enjoyed a lot while reading this article on essay on electric vehicle and gained some knowledge about electric vehicles. If you have any suggestions about our article, dont forget to comment to us in the comment section. For more similar interesting articles, checkout our website.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 4 The Rattrap

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 4 The Rattrap

Class 12 English NCERT Solutions Flamingo Chapter 4 The Rattrap Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English

The Rattrap Textual Questions and Answers

Think-as-you-read Questions

Question 1.
From where did the peddler get the idea of the world being a rattrap?
The peddler lived a dull and monotonous life. He had no family, no money and no relatives. He was a vagabond. So, being alone most of the time, he used to go on thinking. While thinking about the rattrap, he suddenly got the idea of the world being a rattrap.

The Rattrap Questions and Answers will help you to score more marks in your CBSE board Examination.

Question 2.
Why was the peddler amused by this idea?
The peddler had never been treated well by the world. So he felt happy thinking ill of the world. That is why he was amused by the idea that the whole world around him was nothing but a big rattrap.

Question 3.
Did the peddler expect the kind of hospitality that he received from the crofter?
No, the peddler did not expect the kind of hospitality that he received from the crofter. He was always refused whenever he asked anyone for any kind of kindness. Thus, he had expected the same, but, to his surprise, the crofter treated him very kindly and gave him food and shelter.

Question 4.
Why was the crofter so talkative and friendly with the peddler? [Delhi 2012]
The crofter was a lonely man. He had no one in his house to give him company. He had no wife, no children. So when he saw the peddler, he was very happy to get someone to talk to.

Question 5.
Why did he show the thirty kronor to the peddler?
The crofter narrated his story of living a comfortable life and having a good reasonable income that he made due to his extraordinary cow that gave a lot of milk. He told the peddler that he had earned thirty kronor last month. But the peddler expressed his disbelief. In order to make him believe, the crofter opened the pouch and showed the tramp the money.

Question 6.
Did the peddler respect the confidence reposed in him by the crofter?
No, the peddler did not live up to the confidence reposed in him by the crofter. In fact, he abused the trust of the crofter. He returned after some time, opened the window of the cottage and stole the crofter’s hard-earned money.

Question 7.
What made the peddler think that he had indeed fallen into a rattrap?
After stealing the crofter’s money, the peddler avoided the road and walked through the forest. Soon the night fell and he could not find his way out. He walked and walked without coming to the end of the wood. He finally realised that he was walking round and round the same spot. This made him frustrated and tired. Now he realised that he had indeed fallen into a rattrap.

Question 8.
Why did the ironmaster speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home?
The ironmaster mistook the peddler to be his old acquaintance Nils Olof who was a captain and had resigned from the regiment long back. The ironmaster thought that the man was going through a bad phase in his life and so invited him home, especially as it was Christmas Eve.

Question 9.
Why did the peddler decline the invitation? [Delhi 2012]
The peddler declined the invitation, as he had stolen the money and was afraid of being caught. Accepting the invitation would be like throwing oneself voluntarily into a lion’s den.

Question 10.
What made the peddler accept Edla Willmansson’s invitation?
Edla Willmansson came to invite the peddler with her fur coat and a valet. She spoke in a very friendly manner and he felt confidence in her. She persuaded him to come home and promised him that he would be allowed to leave whenever he would like to.

Question 11.
What doubts did Edla have about the peddler?
Edla noticed that peddler was very scared. She thought he could either be a thief or an escapee from a prison.

Question 12.
When did the ironmaster realize his mistake?
When the peddler was given a bath, a haircut and had a shave, the ironmaster realised at the breakfast table that the tramp did not look like his regimental comrade and that he had made a mistake.

Question 13.
Why did Edla entertain the peddler even after she came to know the truth about him?
Edla was a kind lady. She empathized with the poor peddler and understood how difficult his life had been. She was able to understand his loneliness and poverty. She entertained him even though she knew who he was. Moreover, it was Christmas eve and she wanted to extend Christmas cheer and goodwill to him.

Question 14.
Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler?
Edla was happy to see the gift left by the peddler because it was symbolic of the positive change in the peddler. He had left the stolen thirty kronor in the rattrap along with a letter. He had requested that the money be returned to the crofter. Edla was happy to know he had realised his mistake and made amends.

Question 15.
Why did the peddler sign himself as Captain von Stahle?
The peddler was accepted and welcomed to the house as Captain von Stahle. Edla gave the peddler a kind treatment and in spite of kowing the reality, she treated him like a captain. This awakened the latent goodness of his heart and he also behaved in a dignified manner and signed himself as Captain von Stahle.

The Rattrap Understanding the Text

Question 1.
How does the peddler interpret the acts of kindness and hospitality shown by the crofter, the ironmaster and his daughter? [HOTS]
The peddler was a vagabond who had no house, no family. He used to sell rattraps. One evening when he was trudging along the road, he saw a cottage by the roadside. He knocked at the door and asked for permission for night stay at the forge. The owner of the cottage, gave him shelter, food, tobacco and his company and confidences. He even showed him the thirty kronor that he had saved. But the peddler stole the money the next day, violating the trust of the crofter. Later, the peddler thought that the crofter’s hospitality was a bait for him to be trapped.

Similarly, the ironmaster’s hospitality also didn’t impress the peddler much because he was kind to him only because he thought him to be his old acquaintance. But, on the contrary, Edla’s kindness and hospitality stirred up the essential goodness in him because her kindness was without any selfish motive in it like the crofter who wanted company and the ironmaster who wanted to help his old friend. Edla wanted to give some comfort and happiness to the peddler even though she knew that he was a tramp.

Question 2.
What are the instances in the story that show that the character of the ironmaster is different from that of his daughter in many ways? [Delhi 2012]
The ironmaster was the owner of Ramsjo Ironworks. He wanted to send good quality iron to the market. He was a very vigilant observer and hardworking and used to visit his mill even at night for supervision. He was kind and sympathetic to the peddler. But his kindness to him is due to the fact that he mistook the peddler to be his old regimental comrade Nils Olof. That is why when he came to know the truth about the peddler, he got angry and threatened to call the sheriff.

On the contrary, Edla is more observant than her father. When she saw the peddler the first time, she thought he was either a thief or a jailbreaker. But she was unlike her father. She had special sympathy for the unfortunate people. When her father, knowing the reality of the tramp, asked him to leave, Edla insisted on him to stay to spend the Christmas with them. She knew that the peddler, didn’t have any place in the world and so she invited him to celebrate Christmas with them. It was only her tenderness and kind behaviour that aroused the essential goodness in the peddler.

Question 3.
The story has many instances of unexpected reactions from the characters to another character’s behaviour. Pick out instances of these surprises.
‘The Rattrap’ deals with human emotions. These emotions, at times, give rise to unexpected behaviour. One of the most important unexpected behaviour is of the crofter towards the peddler. When the peddler asked him for shelter in the night, he welcomed him and gave him food, tobacco and company. The crofter bestowed so much confidence in the peddler that he even showed him the thirty kronor that he had saved.

In another instance, the peddler was first persuaded by ironmaster to come to his home and when he realised his mistake he got furious and threatened to call the sheriff. Yet another and the most unexpected reaction is that of Edla Willmansson. When the peddler was asked to leave immediately, Edla closed the door and insisted that the tramp stay at their home for Christmas. She showed extraordinary kindness to him. The most unexpected behaviour was that of the peddler. Edla’s kindness brought out the essential goodness in him and he left the home leaving behind a gift for Edla along with the money he had stolen.

Question 4.
What made the peddler finally change his ways?
It was ironmaster’s daughter Edla’s kindness and empathy that changed the peddler. Throughout his life, the peddler had never received such kindness. Initially, when Edla invited him home, she gave him the freedom to leave whenever he wanted.

Later, when the ironmaster realised his mistake, he wanted to call the sheriff but out of kindness allowed him to leave. But Edla closed the door and insisted on him to stay for Christmas. Her kindness brought out the essential goodness in the tramp. Edla not only served him good food and looked after him very well, but she also offered him to come to their house every Christmas. This generous and kind nature worked as a catalyst to bring about a positive change in the peddler. Thus, by returning the stolen money along with a rattrap as a Christmas present along with a note for Edla, the peddler left the house honourably.

Question 5.
How does the metaphor of the rattrap serve to highlight the human predicament? [HOTS]
The story deals with the metaphor of ‘Rattrap’. It refers to the theory that life is one big rattrap. It exists for a purpose to set baits for people. It offers riches and joys, luxuries and comforts, food and shelter, heat and clothing exactly as a rattrap offers cheese and pork. The moment anyone lets himself be tempted to touch the bait, it closes on him and then everything comes to an end. The peddler in the story was caught into the trap by the hospitality received at the crofter. His extreme poverty forced him to steal the money. He was at this moment caught into the trap of his own guilt.

Even at the ironmaster’s house he is caught in his own trap. But it is Edla’s extreme kindness and generosity which enabled him to come out of this trap of his and leave the house as a freeman, after confessing his wrong deed and leaving the stolen money. Thus, the metaphor of rattrap very aptly highlights the fact that if you take something you want wrongfully, you will usually get trapped in life.

Question 6.
The peddler comes out as a person with subtle sense of humour. How does this serve in lightening the seriousness of the theme of the story and also endear him to the reader?
The peddler is one of the most interesting characters in this story. His theory of rattrap is an excellent example of humour in the story. The very idea of comparing a man’s greed for money and wealth to a rat which hungrily looks around for food and finally gets in the trap, evokes humour. Moreover, the tramp himself committed the same error by stealing the crofter’s money is so ironical. The peddler’s attempt not to undeceive the ironmaster, in spite of being afraid to accept the invitation, is very comical.

Some of the other funny scenes are when he displayed his smartness after he was recognised by the ironmaster. The display of his anger and frustration at the point when the ironmaster threatened to call the police is also very humorous. In spite of all the things that he did, he came out to be a very lovable character and endears us when he confessed his guilt and left the house in an honourable manner leaving the stolen money, a note and a Christmas gift for Edla.

The Rattrap Talking About The Text

Question 1.
The reader’s sympathy is with the peddler right from the beginning of the story. Is the sympathy justified? [HOTS]
‘The Rattrap’ is written in the backdrop of industrial revolution in Sweden in the second half of the nineteenth century. Many families were displaced by the growing industiy and some people were reduced to a life of extreme poverty. The peddler in the story was a victim of such an economic change. He managed his life by begging and stealing. The pitiable state in which he was living evokes the sympathy of the reader. Even when he stole the money of the crofter, we don’t consider him to be a criminal. It was taken as a normal reaction of a poor man when he saw so much money easily available to him.

Thus, the peddler’s extreme poverty and the circumstances in which he lived, justifiably make the reader sympathetic to him from the beginning of the story.

Question 2.
‘The Rattrap’ focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Comment. [Delhi 201o]
No doubt the story focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. The protagonist of the story, i.e. the peddler, was a vagabond who had no family and led a lonely life. As he had no companion to talk to he was left to his own meditations. The crofter was also a lonely man with no wife or children. When he saw the peddler, he was happy to get someone to talk to. That is why he treated him with good food and tobacco. Moreover, the ironmaster and his daughter Edla too were leading a lonely life. The ironmaster’s wife died long ago and his sons lived abroad. They had no family and friends to celebrate Christmas.

Thus, the story deals with the loneliness of human beings in different situations and their struggle to cope with loneliness.

Question 3.
The story is both entertaining and philosophical.
‘The Rattrap’ has both entertaining and philosophical aspects. The very title of the story is metaphorical. It refers to the theory that life is a big rattrap and sets baits for people. Instead of cheese and pork, life offers riches and joys, luxuries, food, shelter, etc. As soon as a human being gets tempted to touch the bait, it closes on him. The peddler got trapped in such a situation when he stole the money of the crofter.

Despite the philosophical aspect of the story, it always remains interesting and binds the reader till the end. The character of the peddler is so entertaining. The very idea of the peddler himself falling into the trap is humorous. The story has a clear and excellent progression of the theme. There is always an element of curiosity. The climax of the story is enthralling. When Edla and ironmaster come back from the church with an idea that the peddler must have taken away all the silver, they find a gift and the stolen money left by him.

Thus the story is narrated in such a style that it entertains the reader, besides providing a philosophical insight into life.

The Rattrap – Solved Question Bank

Reference to Context Questions
Read the extracts given below.

Question 1.
No one can imagine how sad and monotonous life can appear to such a vagabond, who plods along the road, left to his own meditations. But one day this man had fallen into a line of thought, which really seemed to him entertaining. He had naturally been thinking of his rattraps when suddenly he was struck by the idea that the whole world about him—the whole world with its lands and seas, its cities and villages—was nothing but a big rattrap.
Answer the following.
(a) ‘This man’ refers to the __________ .
(b) He compares the world to a __________ .
(c) The vagabond led a monotonous life but his thoughts entertained him. (True/False)
(d) Find from the extract a similar word for ‘tedious’.
(a) rattrap seller
(b) rattrap
(c) True
(d) monotonous

Question 2.
The world had. of course, never been kind to him, so it gave him unwonted joy to think ill of it in this way. It became a cherished pastime of his, during many dreary ploddings, to think of people he knew who had let themselves be caught in the dangerous snare, and of others who were circling around the bait.
Answer the following.
(a) The vagabond found pleasure in his own way despite his dreary life. (True/False)
(b) He saved himself from being trapped in the __________ .
(c) Various allurements worked like bait. (True/False)
(d) The vagabond felt that he was better off than __________ in many ways
(a) True
(b) rattrap
(c) True
(d) others

Question 3.
The old man was just as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco. The guest was informed at once that in his days of prosperity his host had been a crofter at Ramsjd Ironworks and had worked on the land. Now that he was no longer able to do day labour, it was his cow which supported him.
Answer the following.
(a) The old man was a __________ man as he shared his secrets even with strangers.
(b) We come to know that the old man had a __________ to support him.
(c) The peddler did not visit the old man with honest intentions. (True/False)
(d) The host was doing well in the past. (True/Faise)
(a) simple
(b) cow
(c) False
(d) True

Question 4.
The stranger must have seemed incredulous, for the old man got up and went to the window, took down a leather pouch which hung on a nail to the very window frame, and picked out three wrinkled ten-kronor bills. These he held up before the eyes of his guest, nodding knowingly, and then stuffed them back into the pouch.
Answer the following.
(a) Though the stranger appeared incredulous yet he showed his __________ to him.
(b) These thirty kronors were earned by selling __________ .
(c) The guest cheated the host and fell in the trap. (True/False)
(d) Find out from the passage a word which means ‘unbelieving’.
(a) earnings
(b) cow’s milk
(c) True
(d) Incredulous

Question 5.
As he walked along with the money in his pocket, he felt quite pleased with his smartness. He realised, of course, that at first he dared not continue on the public highway, but must turn off the road, into the woods. During the first hours this caused him no difficulty. Later in the day it became worse, for it was a big and confusing forest which he had gotten into.
Answer the following.
(a) The peddler had to take the forest route as he had __________ .
(b) Taking the public highway was not __________ for him.
(c) The phrase that suggests ‘morning’.
(d) The money in his pocket was his earning. (True/False)
(a) stolen money
(b) safe
(c) first hours
(d) false

Question 6.
Darkness was already descending over the forest. This increased the danger, and increased also his gloom and despair. Finally he saw no way out, and he sank down on the ground, tired to death, thinking that his last moment had come. But just as he laid his head on the ground, he heard a sound—a hard regular thumping.
Answer the following.
(a) The peddler was in a danger of getting __________ .
(b) The peddler was tired as he had been working long hours. (True/False)
(c) The peddler felt that he was caught in a __________ .
(d) The thumping sound gave him a ray of hope. (True/False)
(a) lost
(b) False
(c) Trap
(d) True

Question 7.
The Ramsjo Ironworks, which are now closed down, were, not so long ago, a large plant, with smelter, rolling mill, and a forge. In the summertime long lines of heavily loaded barges and scows slid down the canal, which led to a large inland lake, and in the winter time roads near the mill were black from all the coal dust which sifted down from the big charcoal crates.
Answer the following.
(a) Ramsjo Ironworks was somewhere near the public highway. (True/False)
(b) The crofter worked at the Ironworks. (True/False)
(c) Ramsjo Ironworks was another part of the __________ .
(d) The peddler’s relief was __________ .
(a) False
(b) True
(c) trap
(d) short lived

Question 8.
Surely it was nothing unusual for poor vagabonds without any better shelter for the night to be attracted to the forge by the glow of light which escaped through the sooty panes, and to come into warm themselves in front of the fire. The blacksmiths glanced only casually and indifferently at the intruder.
Answer the following.
(a) The poor vagabond here is the __________ .
(b) Blacksmiths were casual because he was like any other __________ .
(c) The intruder was in the hope of getting a job there. (True/False)
(d) Find a word from the passage that means the same as ‘trespasser’.
(a) peddler
(b) vagabond
(c) False
(d) intruder

Question 9.
But the stranger said no, and no, and again no, and the ironmaster saw that he must give in.
“It looks as though Captain von Stable preferred to stay with you tonight, Stjemstrom ”, he said to the master blacksmith, and turned on his heel.
But he laughed to himself as he went away, and the blacksmith, who knew him, understood very well that he had not said his last word.
Answer the following.
(a) The peddler did not accept the offer as he knew that he was hiding the __________ .
(b) Captain von Stahle here refers to __________ .
(c) The peddler did not want to take ironmaster’s obligation. (True/False)
(d) Find a word/phrase from the extract which means ‘the final say’.
(a) truth
(b) the stranger
(c) False
(d) last word

Question 10.
She entered, followed by a valet, carrying on his arm a big fur coat. She was not at all pretty, but seemed modest and quite shy. In the forge everything was just as it had been earlier in the evening. The master blacksmith and his apprentice still sat on their bench, and iron and charcoal still glowed in the furnace. The stranger had stretched himself out on the floor and lay with a piece of pig iron under his head and his hat pulled down over his eyes.
Answer the following.
(a) ‘She’ here is __________ .
(b) She had come to take __________ .
(c) The stranger expected the girl to come as he knew his friend would not leave him there. (True/False)
(d) Find a word from the extract that means ‘servant’.
(a) Edla Willmansson
(b) the stranger
(c) False
(d) Valet

Question 11.
“First of all we must see to it that he gets a little flesh on his bones, ” he said to his daughter, who was busy at the table. ‘And then we must see that he gets something else to do than to run around the country selling rattraps. ”
“It is queer that things have gone downhill with him as badly as that, ” said the daughter.
Answer the following.
(a) They wanted to help the stranger because he was an old acquaintance. (True/False)
(b) Find a word from the extract that means ‘odd’.
(c) Father and the daughter were concerned about the stranger as they thought he was a __________ .
(d) It was __________ time and they were happy to have a guest.
(a) False
(b) queer
(c) captain
(d) Christmas

Question 12.
This whole world is nothing hut a big rattrap. All the good things that are offered to you are nothing but cheese rinds and bits of pork, set out to drag a poor fellow into trouble. And if the sheriff comes now and locks me up, then you, Mr. Ironmaster, must remember that a day may come when you yourself may want to get a piece of pork, and then you will get caught in the trap.
Answer the following.
(a) The speaker of these lines is the __________ .
(b) He refers to a sheriff as he has been told that he might be __________ over to the sheriff.
(c) Cheese rinds and bits of pork here are compared to various temptations offered. (True/False)
(d) The world is a rattrap and we all are the rats. (Truc/False)
(a) peddler
(b) handed
(c) True
(d) True

Question 13.
When, at about ten o ’clock, they drove back from the church, the young girl sat and hung her head even more dejectedly than usual. At church she had learned that one of the old crofters of the ironworks had been robbed by a man who went around selling rattraps.
“Yes, that was a fine fellow you let into the house, ” said her father. “I only wonder how many silver spoons are left in the cupboard by this time. ”
Answer the following.
(a) The young girl sat with a hung head as they came to know about the stranger that he was a __________ .
(b) They met __________ at the church.
(c) Father was angry with his daughter for letting the stranger stay with them.
(d) Find a word from the extract that means ‘dispirited’
(a) thief
(b) a crofter
(c) True
(d) Dejected

The Rattrap Short Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Why did the peddler derive pleasure from his idea of the world as a rattrap? [Delhi 2014]
The peddler developed an idea that the world is a rattrap. It offers food, shelter, clothing and luxuries just to entrap us in the same way in which the rattrap entrapped its victims through cheese and pork. The idea appealed and pleased him as he was in a state of abject poverty and had nothing and used to envy those who were in a better position than him.

Question 2.
Who was the peddler? What was the thought that took hold of his fancy?
The peddler was a poor vagabond who used to make rattraps to earn his living. One day while making the rattrap, a thought struck him that this world is a rattrap for all the people. Food, clothes and luxuries and comforts work as a bait like cheese and pork.

Question 3.
In what sense was the world a big rattrap, according to the peddler? [Delhi 2014 (C)]
According to the peddler, the world was a big rattrap as it offered shelter, food, clothing and other comforts for the sole purpose of entrapping us just as the rattrap entrapped its victims through cheese and pork.

Question 4.
Why was the peddler surprised when he knocked at the door of the cottage?
The peddler was surprised when he knocked on the door of the cottage and received a warm welcome there. He was not refused shelter. Moreover, he was offered warmth and hospitality. The crofter gave him food and tobacco. He played ‘mjolis’ with him and showed him the thirty kronor that he had earned.

Question 5.
Describe the evening that the peddler spent with the crofter.
The peddler was offered warm hospitality at the crofter’s house. The crofter gave him food and shelter for night. He offered him tobacco and played ‘mjolis’ with him. He shared his life’s experiences and secrets. He even showed him the thirty kronor that he had saved.

Question 6.
What were the peddler’s feelings as he drove over to the ironmaster’s house?
The peddler had evil forebodings as he drove over to the ironmaster’s house. He regretted to have stolen crofter’s money and felt that he had been trapped and would be found out as a thief.

Question 7.
What was the peddler’s explanation to the ironmaster for withholding his true identify? How did he manage to convince the ironmaster not to bring in the law to sort out the matter?
How did the peddler defend himself against not having revealed his true identify?
The peddler said that he had never pretended to be someone other than a tramp. Moreover, he had refused to come to Ironmaster’s house and wanted to stay in the forge. When the ironmaster threatened to call the sheriff, the tramp used his theory of rattrap. He said that’ if the ironmaster would treat him this way, he would also suffer a similar fate.

Question 8.
Why did the peddler knock on the cottage by the roadside? How was he treated by the owner of the cottage? [Delhi 2014 (C)]
The peddler walked on the road the whole day. He was hungry and felt cold. The night was about to fall and he wanted to take shelter at some place to spend the night. That’s why he knocked on the cottage by the roadside. The crofter, who was the owner of the cottage, treated him with warmth, gave him food and shelter and treated him well.

Question 9.
What were the peddler’s feelings as night fell in the woods?
As night fell, the peddler lost his way in the forest. He could not find his way out and realised that he was moving around the same point. He was exhausted and hungry by this time and was feeling cold. At this point he realised that he had been caught in a rattrap with no escape route.

Question 10.
Who did the ironmaster mistake the peddler for? Why did the latter not reveal his identity? How did his true identity come to light?
The ironmaster mistook the peddler to be his old acquaintance, Nils Olof, who was his regimental comrade. The tramp did not reveal his identity because he was scared of being caught. Moreover, he thought he might get some money from the ironmaster as his old acquaintance. When the ironmaster and his daughter went to church for Christmas service, they came to know that a vagabond had robbed the crofter. They apprehended that it was none other than the peddler.

Question 11.
What do we learn about the crofter’s nature from the story, ‘The Rattrap’? [All India 2016]
We learn that the crofter was a talkative and a friendly sort of fellow. He was also lonely and would welcome anyone to share his loneliness. He was hospitable towards his guests.

Question 12.
Who was the owner of Ramsjo ironmill? Why did be visit the mill at night? [All India 2012]
Who was the owner of the ironworks and what sort of person was he?
The owner of the Ramsjo iron mill was a prominent ironmaster who wanted to ship out good iron to the market. He was very hardworking and supervised his work day and night.

Question 13.
How did the ironmaster react on seeing the stranger lying close to the furnace? [All India 2012]
When the ironmaster saw the stranger lying close to the furnace, he mistook him to be his old regimental comrade Nils Olof. He invited him to his home to celebrate Christmas.

Question 14.
Why didn’t the stranger tell the ironmaster that he was not Nils Olof? [All India 2012]
The ironmaster mistook the peddler to be his old acquaintance Nils Olof. The tramp, however, did not tell the ironmaster that he was not Nils Olof because he thought that it might be profitable. He expected that the ironmaster would give him a few kronor taking him to be his old friend.

Question 15.
What was the content of the letter written to Edla by the peddler? [Foreign 2014]
What were the contents of the package left by the peddler as a Christmas gift for Edla? [All India 2014 (C)]
The peddler left behind a packet for Edla. The packet contained a rattrap—a gift for Edla on Christmas. There was a letter and thirty kronor. In his letter, he had thanked Edla for her kindness and hospitality and repented his wrongdoing of stealing old crofter’s money and requested her to return the same to the rightful owner.

Question 16.
What conclusion did the ironmaster reach when he heard that the crofter had been robbed by the peddler? [All India 2014 (C)]
When, at the church, the ironmaster heard that the crofter had been robbed by the peddler, he at once concluded that the peddler was the thief. He apprehended that he would have made away with all their silver by this time.

Question 17.
Why did Edla plead with her father not to send the vagabond away? [All India 2014]
Edla was a kind-hearted lady. When she came to know the reality of the peddler, she showed her sympathy for him. She knew that he had no home or family. There was no place in the world where he was welcome. Due to her tender and kind nature, she pleaded with her father not to send the stranger away and allow him to stay at home for Christmas.

Question 18.
What did Edla notice about the stranger? ]Foreign 2013]
Edla noticed that the stranger was very scared. He seemed to be either a thief or a runaway away from prison. She also observed that the stranger did not seem to be an educated person to be a captain.

Question 19.
Why did Edla invite the peddler to stay with her family? [Foreign 2013]
dla was told by her father, the ironmaster, to bring the peddler from the ironmill as he believed him to be his old acquaintance Nils Olof. So Edla came to the mill to invite him to stay with her family and celebrate Christmas with them.

Question 20.
‘The man was just as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco.’ What was the outcome of this?
The crofter was overgenerous to the peddler. He not only gave him food and shelter but shared his confidences and showed him the money that he had saved. This tempted the tramp to steal the money. Next morning when they both left the house together, the peddler came back and stole the money.

Question 21.
What were the precautions that the peddler took to remain undetected as a thief?
In order to remain undetected as a thief, the peddler left the highway and took the route of the forest. He lost his way in the forest and after some time realised that he was moving around the same point. Moreover, when at the Ramsjo Ironworks, he was invited by the ironmaster to his home, he declined the invitation due to the fear of being caught.

Why did the peddler have to keep to the woods after leaving the cottage? How did he feel?
The peddler had stolen thirty kronor from the crofter’s house. The fear of being caught kept him away from the highway and made him take a route through the forest. But he lost his way in the forest and, after walking throughout the day, came back to the same point in the forest. He was dead tired and felt hungry and cold. He could not find the way out of the forest and so felt as if trapped. At this time, he felt he was caught in a rattrap, likened to a prison with no escape.

Question 23.
Why did the blacksmith at Ramsjo Ironworks not pay any attention to the peddler?
The blacksmith at Ramsjo Ironworks did not pay any attention to the peddler because it was a routine thing for him. Many vagabonds used to come there attracted by the light in order to warm themselves at the forge.

Question 24.
What was the ironmaster’s reaction to the poor condition of the peddler? What light does it throw on the character of the ironmaster?
The ironmaster was compassionate, hospitalable and trusting. When he saw the peddler in poor condition, he immediately asked him to come to his home. He had mistaken him for his old regimental fellow Nils Olof. He wanted to help him in his miserable condition.

Question 25.
What was Edla Willmansson’s assessment of the peddler? What rationale did her father give for the coarse ways of the peddler?
Edla Willmansson had her doubts about the peddler. She noticed that the peddler was very scared. She thought him to be either a thief or an escapee. She wondered how could her father’s regimental comrade have nothing about him to show that he had once been an educated man. But her father said that circumstances and his harsh experiences had made him so. He believed that once he was treated nicely, given a bath and a shave, he would regain his original personality.

Question 26.
What was the sentiment that urged Edla Willmansson to keep the peddler in their house despite knowing who he really was?
Edla was a kind woman. She could realise how difficult a life the tramp must be living with no home or family. It was Christmas and she didn’t want to miss the opportunity to celebrate the spirit of Christmas, i.e. to be benevolent and do charity. So she thought of keeping the peddler at home to give him some comfort and happiness on the Christmas day.

Question 27.
What was the sentiment expressed by the tramp in the letter that he left for Edla? Why had he signed himself as Captain von Stahle? –
In his letter to Edla, the tramp had expressed his gratitude to her for treating him with dignity and respect. Her love and respect had brought out the goodness in him and saved him from being caught in the rattrap of the world. He requested her to return the money to its rightful owner. He signed the letter as Captain von Stahle as he had been raised to the status of a captain and had his dignity restored by Edla.

Question 28.
Who was a keen observer: the ironmaster or his daughter? Substantiate your answer with an example from the text.
Ans. It was Edla Willmansson, ironmaster’s daughter, who was a keener observer than him. The ironmaster had mistaken the tramp for his old regimental comrade, but Edla had her doubts from the beginning. She could see fear in his eyes.

Question 29.
The crofter can be called a “good host”. Why?
The crofter exhibits all traits of a good host. He welcomes the tramp warmly. He offers him hot food, gives him tobacoo to smoke and plays mojoli’s with him. He talks to him in a friendly manner and tells him about his prosperity. He even confides in him and shows him his money.

The Rattrap Long Questions and Answers

Question 1.
The peddler thinks that the whole world is a rattrap. This view of life is true only of himself and of no one else in the story. Comment. [Delhi 2017]
The peddler believed that the whole world is a rattrap. How did he himself get caught in the same. [All India 2017]
It’s true that the peddler thinks that the whole world is a rattrap. According to him, with its lands, cities, seas and villages, it sets baits for the people, offers them riches and joys, shelter, food and clothing exactly as the rattrap offers cheese and pork till a ‘prey’ is caught and then everything comes to an end.

These ideas also stemmed from the fact that the world had not been too kind to the peddler and he had also allowed himself to be caught into this trap by stealing thirty kronor. When he lost his way in the forest with the stolen money in his pocket, he recalled his thoughts and realized that his own turn had come. He had let himself be fooled by a bait and had been caught. So, this view of life was true only of himself and no one else in the story.

Question 2.
How does the peddler respond to the hospitality shown to him by the crofter? [Delhi 2013 (C)]
The peddler was given warm hospitality by the crofter. He was given food, shelter, tobacco and even company for recreation. The crofter treated him with kindness and was very friendly to him. He narrated his story of survival and even showed him the money that he had saved.

But the tramp did not value his kindness. Next morning after taking leave of the crofter, the peddler came back to his house and stole the thirty kronor from the pouch hung on the window frame by breaking the window. He responded in a very negative way to the hospitality of the crofter and violated the trust that the crofter had bestowed in him.

Question 3.
How did the seller of rattraps realise that he himself was caught up in a rattrap after he left the crofter’s cottage? [Delhi 2013 (C)]
After the peddler had robbed the crofter of the money, he left with the money in his pocket. He felt very pleased with his smartness. Then he decided to continue on the public highway and moved into the wood so that he was not caught by the police. But after a few hours he got confused in the forest and lost his way.

After walking throughout the day, he realised that he had been walking around the same part of the forest. Now he recalled his thoughts about the world and the rattrap and realised that it was his turn to be caught in the trap. He felt that the entire forest was an impenetrable prison from which he could never escape.

Question 4.
The peddler declined the invitation of the ironmaster but accepted the one from Edla. Why? [Delhi 2015]
Why did the ironmaster invite the peddler to his home? Why did the latter decline it? [Foreign 2015]
When the ironmaster of the Ramsjo iron mill was on his nightly visit to the mill, he saw the peddler sleeping near the furnace. He mistook him for his old regimental comrade Nils Olof. He found his old friend to be in a miserable condition and immediately invited him to his house. But the idea did not please the tramp. He was scared and felt that going to the ironmaster’s house would be like throwing oneself voluntarily into the lion’s den. So he firmly refused the ironman’s invitation.

Question 5.
The story ‘The Rattrap’ explores the idea that given the right motivation the human beings possess the innate tendency to redeem themeselves from their dishonest ways. Discuss. [HOTS]
The Rattrap captures the basic goodness in a human being in the face of material temptations. In the story, the peddler, a vagabond, used to either sell rattraps made of wire or beg or steal. He had been very badly treated by the world and never received any kindness. Even when the crofter offered him hospitality, and bestowed confidence in him, he was not able to realise its worth.

He betrayed his trust and stole the crofter’s money. But the inner goodness of the peddler is evoked by the warm, gentle and kind treatment given to him by Edla Willmansson. Despite knowing the reality, Edla treated him with respect and kindness with no selfish motives. She was empathetic and wanted to give him some comfort. This transformed the tramp into conscientious human being and the essential goodness in him surfaced.

Question 6.
The story ‘The Rattrap’ exemplifies the notion that the emotional needs of human beings have a direct bearing on their behaviour. Elucidate.
No doubt it is the emotional needs of the human beings that have a direct bearing on their behaviour.
In fact, our emotions govern our actions and behaviour. In the story, all the characters depict the same. The peddler’s behaviour is all due to the atrocities he had faced in his life. He is treated badly. Starvation and homelessness have made him emotionally very weak and negative. As a result, when the tramp sees the money of the crofter, he steals it. Similarly, the crofter being lonely with no wife or children, welcomes the peddler and becomes overfriendly with him and, as a result, is cheated.

Even the ironmaster lives a lonely life. His wife is dead and his sons are abroad. He has no family except his daughter or friends. Consequently, he invites the peddler to his house, mistaking him for his old friend. Finally, it is Edla’s emotional generosity to serve and make’ someone happy on Christmas. Her kindness and empathy make her to treat the tramp with respect and kindness which brings out the goodness in the peddler.

Question 7.
How did the peddler feel after robbing the crofter? What course did he adopt and how did he react to the new situation? What does his reaction reveal? [Delhi 2013]
After robbing the crofter, the peddler felt guilty and, as a criminal, had a constant fear of being caught by the police. In order to escape, he decided to move through the woods rather than the public highway. Initially, he was pleased with his smartness but later, in the day, he lost his way in the forest.

He realised that he had been walking around the same part of the forest. At this point, he recalled his thoughts about the world and the rattrap and realised that he had let himself be fooled . by a bait. He felt trapped and tried hard to come out of it but failed. He felt completely exhausted and believed that he would die in the forest due to hunger and extreme cold. This shows that he had realised his mistake of stealing the crofter money.

Question 8.
The peddler’s instance speaks of the entire society, calling for a different outlook to those maligned individuals who can be redeemed by compassion and understanding. The rehabilitation programmes at prisons follow the same. In the light of the narrative in ‘The Rattrap’, how do you think society can help individuals, especially juvenile delinquents, from falling prey to petty crimes and bad habits?
Human behaviour is in direct proportion to the emotional needs. Nobody is a bom criminal. It is circumstances and situations which force a child into crime. Juvenile delinquents are basically the ones who are ignored or exploited. In order to stop the increasing participation of juveniles in the crime, it is the society which has to play a pivotal role. If these children are treated with compassion and love, then they can be saved.

The society needs to develop an understanding of human nature that it is only due to the lack of the fulfilment of the emotional needs of a person, that he/she gets attracted to bad habits or crimes. We have to be empathetic and show our concern for our fellow beings with a sympathetic attitude for those who have deviated from the right path. With positivity and love, people, specially juvenile delinquents, can be saved from falling prey to petty crimes and bad habits.

Question 9.
The story ‘Rattrap’ describes the effect of generosity and kindness of the crofter and Edla Willmansson on the peddler. The many underprivileged in our society can benefit from little gifts given by the people. The gifts can be anything from funds to providing them with education, etc. Write an article in 120-150 words about the need to lend a helping hand to uplift the underprivileged.
Time to Contribute
We all belong to a fast developing society. Technical advancements have made life comfortable and easy for us. But all these facilities are only for the well to do. There are a number of people who are not able to even get the basic amenties of life. They are devoid of education, clean water, clothes and even two meals a day.

The government makes a lot of plans for these people but they reach them in a meagre proportions. It is said that a small step finally leads to the destination. So it is the duty of each and every privileged person to contribute to the uplift of the downtrodden. A small help can make their future better. We can contribute to making someone learn, getting someone medicine, giving our used clothes and books to those who are homeless and live on the streets. These small acts of kindness will bring a smile on the face of these people. Along with that we should give them moral support. However, to change the society we need to first change ourselves.