NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses – II

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses – II are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses – II.

Board CBSE
Textbook NCERT
Class Class 10
Subject English First Flight
Chapter Chapter 6
Chapter Name The Hundred Dresses – II
Category NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses – II


(Page 74)

Question 1.
What did Mr. Petronski’s letter say ?
Petronski’s letter said that Wanda won’t come to school any more. They were moving to a big city. There would be no more fun on names. There were plenty of funny names in the city.

Question 2.
Is Miss Mason angry with the class, or is she unhappy and upset ?
Miss Mason is unhappy and upset with the class. She calls it unfortunate. It all happened in utter thoughtlessness. She asks the class to think. She also asks not to hurt anyone’s feelings because of a longer name.

Question 3.
How does Maddie feel after listening to the note from Wanda’s father ? (Imp.)
Maddie feels greatly hurt. She has a very sick feeling in the bottom of her stomach. She looks silently. She has a feeling to go and tell Wanda that they hadn’t meant to hurt her feelings.

Question 4.
What does Maddie want to do ?
Maddie wants to go to Wanda at once. She would tell her that they hadn’t meant to hurt her feelings. She thinks to tell Wanda that they thought her to be smart. Also her dresses were beautiful.

(Page 76)

Question 1.
What excuses does Peggy think up for her behaviour ? Why ?
Peggy thinks up that she didn’t call her a foreigner. She also did not make fun of her name. She thought that Wanda was too dumb. She never thought that she could know that they were mocking at her.

Question 2.
What are Maddie’s thoughts as they go to Boggins Heights ?
Maddie hoped that they would find Wanda. She wanted to tell her that they were sorry. The whole school thought that she was just wonderful. All would be nice to her. She should not move away from there. She and Peggy would fight anybody who was not nice to her.

Question 3.
Why does Wanda’s house remind Maddie of Wanda’s blue dress ?
Wanda’s house reminds Maddie of Wanda’s blue dress because both look similar. When Maddie goes there she finds the house shabby but clean. So was Wanda’s faded blue cotton dress.

Question 4.
What does Maddie think hard about ? What important decision does she come to ? (V. Imp.)
She decided not to stand by any more and say nothing again. She would speak up if she heard anybody speaking badly or treating others unkindly. She wouldn’t mind losing Peggy’s friendship for that. She decided never to make anybody unhappy.

(Page 79)

Question 1.
What did the girls write to Wanda ? (Imp.)
They wrote about Wanda’s pretty drawings. They asked her if she liked where she was living and if she liked her new teacher. They regretted over what had happened. It was a friendly letter.

Question 2.
Did they get a reply ? Who was more anxious for a reply, Peggy or Maddie ? How do you know ?
They did not get a reply to their letter. Maddie was more anxious for a reply. It is clear in the sense that she couldn’t sleep properly. She burst out crying ‘stop’ as per her decision. It was that she would not allow anybody to hurt others or make fun of them.

Question 3.
How did the girls know that Wanda liked them even though they had teased her ?
The girls knew this fact from Wanda’s letter to Miss Mason. In that letter she gave her drawings to Peggy and Maddie. She also wrote that she missed her teacher. She wished all a merry Christmas.

(Page 79)

Question 1.
Why do you think Wanda’s family moved to a different city ? Do you think life there was going to be different for their family ?
I think that Wanda’s family moved to a different city due to racial prejudice. Life there in a big city was going to be different. It was because people over there were not hard and harsh in their racial prejudice. They were not so in petty things like long and funny names.

Question 2.
Maddie thought her silence was as bad as Peggy’s teasing. Was she right ?
Yes, Maddie thought that her silence was as bad as Peggy’s teasing. It was because it amounted to supporting Peggy. She was right in thinking so.

Question 3.
Peggy says, “I never thought she had the sense to know we were making fun of her anyway. I thought she was too dumb. And gee, look how she can draw!” What led Peggy to believe that Wanda was dumb ? Did she change her opinion later ?
Wanda never reacted to Peggy’s teasing in an arrogant way. She said everything silently and seriously. She had more understanding than that of Peggy or Maddie. But Wanda was never dumb. Peggy changed her opinion later. It is clear in her regretting later and writing a kind of apology.

Question 4.
What important decision did Maddie make ? Why did she have to think hard to do so ?
Maddie decided that in future she would not stand silently when someone was mocking (at) others or making fun of them. She would speak up even if that meant breaking Peggy’s friendship. She decided that she would not make anybody unhappy.

Question 5.
Why do you think Wanda gave Maddie and Peggy the drawings of the dresses ? Why are they surprised ?
Wanda gave Maddie and Peggy the drawings of the dresses. She did so in reply to their making fun for her dresses and her poverty. She showed through this that she was above petty things like dresses etc. Human values and qualities of mind were more important than dresses etc.

They are surprised because the drawings had their individual faces drawn in them.

Question 6.
Do you think Wanda really thought the girls were teasing her ? Why or Why not ?
Yes, Wanda really thought so because she was a highly intelligent and sensitive girl. She had more understanding and maturity of mind than them. This she showed in her drawing and letter by sketching them and forgiving them.


I. Here are thirty adjectives describing human qualities. Discuss them with your partner and put them in the two word webs (given below) according to whether you think they show positive or negative qualities. You can consult a dictionary if you are not sure of the meanings of some of the words. You may also add to the list the positive or negative ‘pair’ of a given word.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 1

Meant for class level. These adjectives can be classified as given below :
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 2
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 3

II. What adjectives can we use to describe Peggy, Wanda and Maddie ? You can choose adjectives from the list above. You can also add some of your own.

  1. Peggy __________
  2. Wanda __________
  3. Maddie __________


  1. Peggy : sarcastic, arrogant, cruel, haughty, proud, zealous, thoughtless, vain, unforgiving.
  2. Wanda : kind, courteous, intrepid, sensitive, compassionate, introverted, contented, friendly, generous, talented, lonely, determined, creative, complacent.
  3. Maddie : insipid, timid, placid, stolid.

III. 1. Find the sentences in the story with the following phrasal verbs.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 4

2. Look up these phrasal verbs in a dictionary to find out if they can be used in some other way. (Look at the entries for line, think, take and stand in the dictionary.) Find out what other prepositions can go with these verbs. What does each of these phrasal verbs mean ?

3. Use at least five such phrasal verbs in sentences of your own.


1. Class-room activity.

2. Yes, they can be used in some other way also. The other prepositions that can go with them are given below :
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 5
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 6

3. Sentence formation :

Line with — This road is lined with big trees.
Think about — She thought about her dead child and started weeping.
Think over — She thought over the matter again and decided to leave.
Take over — Mr. Arun took over as the President of this company.
Stand down — We saw him stand down the witness box in the court.

IV. Colours are used to describe feelings, moods and emotions. Match the following ‘colour expressions’ with a suggested paraphrase.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 7


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 8
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 6 The Hundred Dresses - II 9

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Crime and Punishment Summary

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij Chapter 14 चंद्र गहना से लौटती बेर

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi Kshitij Chapter 14 चंद्र गहना से लौटती बेर


(पाठ्यपुस्तक से)

प्रश्न 1.
‘इस विजन में …….. अधिक है’-पंक्तियों में नगरीय संस्कृति के प्रति कवि का क्या आक्रोश है और क्यों?
इन पंक्तियों में कवि का आक्रोश नागरीय जीवन और संस्कृति के प्रति यह है कि वहाँ प्रेम और सौंदर्य, सरलता और मानवता जैसी चीजें मर गई हैं। इसका कारण यह है कि आगे बढ़ने की होड़ ने मनुष्य को शहरी जीवन में अपने तक सीमित अर्थात् आत्मकेंद्रित कर दिया है, वह वास्तविक, सुख, शांति, प्रेम और प्रकृति को भूलकर केवल जीवन की निरुद्देश्य आपा-धापी में उलझ गया है।

प्रश्न 2.
सरसों को ‘सयानी’ कहकर कवि क्या कहना चाहता होगा?
कवि सरसों का मानवीकरण कर रहा है। वह नवयुवती बन गई है और अब हाथ पीले करने स्वयंवर के मंडप में आ बैठी है कि कोई उसका वरण कर उसे ले जाए।

प्रश्न 3.
अलसी के मनोभावों का वर्णन कीजिए।
कवि ने अलसी को भी एक हठीली नवयुवती कहा है वह नीले फूल को सिर पर रखे कह रही है-जो इसे छू लेगा उसे मैं अपने हृदय का दान दे दूंगी।

प्रश्न 4.
अलसी के लिए ‘हठीली’ विशेषण का प्रयोग. क्यों किया गया है?
उसका हठ है कि उसे ही प्यार करेगी जो उसके सिर रखे नीले फूल को छुएगा। इसीलिए उसे हठीली कहा गया है।

प्रश्न 5.
‘चाँदी का बड़ा-सा गोल खंभा’ में कवि की किस सूक्ष्म कल्पना का आभास मिलता है?
यह कथन की सूक्ष्म कल्पना का उदाहरण है चमकते सूर्य के प्रभाव में, पड़े प्रतिबिंब को चाँदी का बड़ा-सा गोल खंभा कहा गया है।

प्रश्न 6.
कविता के आधार पर ‘हरे चने’ का सौंदर्य अपने शब्दों में चित्रित कीजिए।
हरा चना खेत में खड़ा है। वह बिते भर ऊँचा है। ठिगना-सा लगता है। उसके माथे पर गुलाबी फूलों के गुच्छों को देखकर लगता है जैसे वह दूल्हे की तरह गुलाबी पगड़ी बाँधकर बन-ठन कर खड़ा हो।

प्रश्न 7.
कवि ने प्रकृति का मानवीकरण कहाँ-कहाँ किया है?
प्रायः संपूर्ण कविता में मानवीकरण है।

हरा ठिगना चना, बाँधे मुरैठा शीश पर ……..
अलसी हठीली, देह की पतली …………
सरसों की न पूछो हो गठ सबसे सयानी ………
पत्थर किनारे पी रहे चुपचाप पानी …………

प्रश्न 8.
कविता में से उन पंक्तियों को ढूंढ़िए जिनमें निम्नलिखित भाव व्यंजित हो रहा है- और चारों तरफ सूखी और उजाड़ जमीन है लेकिन वहाँ भी तोते का मधुर स्वर मन को स्पंदित कर रहा है।
“बाँझ भूमि पर इधर-उधर रीवा के पेड़
काँटेदार कुरूप खड़े हैं।
सुन पड़ता है।
मीठा-मीठा रस टपकाता
सुग्गे का स्वर
टें टं टें;”

रचना और अभिव्यक्ति

प्रश्न 9.
‘और सरसों की न पूछो’- इस उक्ति में बात को कहने का एक खास अंदाज है। हम इस प्रकार की शैली का प्रयोग कब और क्यों करते हैं?
इस प्रकार की शैली का प्रयोग हम किसी व्यक्ति, वस्तु अथवा घटना की विशेषता बताने के लिए – करते हैं। जैसे कुछ न पूछो, कितनी गर्मी है।

प्रश्न 10.
काले माथे और सफेद पंखों वाली चिड़िया आपकी दृष्टि में किस प्रकार के व्यक्तित्व का प्रतीक हो सकती है?
काले माथे और सफेद पंखों वाली चिड़िया क्रूर और निर्दयी व्यक्तित्व का प्रतीक हो सकती हैं.

भाषा अध्ययन

प्रश्न 11.
बीते के बराबर, ठिगना, मुरैठा आदि सामान्य बोलचाल के शब्द हैं, लेकिन कविता में इन्हीं से सौंदर्य उभरा है और कविता सहज बन पड़ी है। कविता में आए ऐसे ही अन्य शब्दों की सूची बनाइए।
गहना, ब्याह, फाग, पोखर, लहरियाँ, झपाटा, चटुल, अनगढ़, सुग्गा, जुगुल जोड़ी, चुप्पे-चुप्पे।

प्रश्न 12.
कविता को पढ़ते समय कुछ मुहावरे मानस-पटल पर उभर आते हैं, उन्हें लिखिए और अपने वाक्यों में प्रयुक्त कीजिए।
सिर चढ़ाना-प्यार में संतान को सिर चढ़ाना – ठीक नहीं।
दिल देना-यह पढ़ने-लिखने की उम्र है दिल देने की नहीं।
हाथ पीले करना-जब रेशमा पढ़-लिखकर काम करने लगेगी तभी उसके हाथ पीले करना।
बगुला भगत- तुम अवसर की ताक में बगुला भगत बने हो-यह मैं जानता हूँ।
हृदय चीरना-तुम्हारी कठोर बातें मेरे हृदय को चीर देती है।

पाठेतर सक्रियता

(ख) प्रस्तुत अपठित कविता के आधार पर उसके नीचे दिए गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर दीजिए

देहात का दृश्य

अरहर कल्लों से भरी हुई फलियों से झुकती जाती है,
उस शोभासागर में कमला ही कमला बस लहराती है।
सरसों दानों की लड़ियों से दोहरी-सी होती जाती है,
भूषण का भार संभाल नहीं सकती है कटि बलखाती है।
है चोटी उस की हिरनखुरी’ के फूलों से गुंथ कर सुंदर,
अन-आमंत्रित आ पोलंगा है इंगित करता हिल-हिल कर।
हैं ममें भीगती गेहूँ की तरुणाई फूटी आती है,
यौवन में माती मटरबेलि अलियों से आँख लड़ाती है।
लोने-लोने वे घने चने क्या बने-बने इठलाते हैं,
हौले-हौले होली गा-गा धुंघरू पर ताल बजाते हैं।
हैं जलाशयों के ढालू भीटों” पर शोभित तृण शालाएँ,
जिन में तप करती कनक वरण हो जाग बेलि-अब हिबालाएँ।
हैं कंद धरा में दाब कोष ऊपर तक्षक बन झूम रहे,
अलसी के नील गगन में मधुकर दृग-तारों से घूम रहे।
मेथी में थी जो विचर रही तितली सो सोए में सोई,
उस की सुगंध-मादकता में सुध-बुध खो देते सब कोई।

प्रश्न 1.
इस कविता के मुख्य भाव को अपने शब्दों में लिखिए।
इन पंक्तियों में गाँव के खेतों में उपजने वाली अनेक फसलों, तिलहनों, दलहनों, सब्जियों आदि के सौंदर्य का चित्रण किया गया है। अरहर कल्लों के भार से दबी है, गेहूँ पक गए हैं, मटर में दाने लग गए हैं, चना बन ठन कर खड़ा है। भीटों पर घास छाई है। धरती के नीचे कंद बन गए है। अलसी खड़ी है। मेथी और सोया भी सजे हुए हैं।

प्रश्न 2.
इन पंक्तियों में कवि ने किस-किसका मानवीकरण किया है?
अरहर, सरसों, गेहूँ, मटर, चना, केले, अलसी, मेथी और लोया।

प्रश्न 3.
इस कविता को पढ़कर आपको किस मौसम का स्मरण हो आता है?
वसंत के प्रारंभ का।

प्रश्न 4.
मधुकर और तितली अपनी सुध-बुध कहाँ और क्यों खो बैठे?
भौरे अलसी के खेत में और तितलियाँ सोए में अपनी सुध-बुध खो बैठे हैं क्योंकि इनके फूल सुंदर और सुगंधित होते हैं।

हिरनखुरी – बरसाती लता
भीटा – दूह, टीले के शक्ल की ज़मीन।

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Hindi

महान् राष्ट्रभक्त : मदन लाल ढींगरा Summary In Hindi

Food Technology Courses | Eligibility, Courses List, Career Opportunities, Salary & Top Companies

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  • You must have English language proficiency.

Top Entrance Exams for UG & PG Courses in Food Technology

Here we are going to look into the entrance exams for ug and pg courses in food technology. In some colleges and universities, you can join based on merit but in some colleges, you need to join by the score of the entrance exam. So, let us see what are the entrance exams we have for B.Tech, M.Tech, B.Sc, M.Sc, and Ph.d.

Entrance Exams for UG Courses:

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced

Entrance Exams for PG Courses:

  • GATE

Food Technology Courses in India

We have many excess opportunities in food technology from under graduation to pg level to choose. Here we are providing you with a list of courses that are available for food technology. Look into the courses that are given below.

Food Technology Courses after 10th

  • Graduate Certificate in Food Science
  • Certificate in Food and Nutrition
  • Diploma in Food and Nutrition
  • Graduate Diploma in Food Science

Food Technology Courses after 12th

  • B.E. in Food Technology
  • Food Science (B.Sc.)
  • Food Science and Quality Control
  • B.E. in Food Technology and Bio-Chemical Engineering
  • B.Tech. in Food Science
  • BSc food technology
  • B.Tech Food Technology
  • in Food Technology
  • Bachelor of Science in Food Processing Technology

Masters Level Courses in Food Technology

  • MTech in Food Engineering and Technology
  • M.Sc. in Food Science and Technology
  • M.A. in Food Nutrition
  • M.E. in Food Technology
  • M.Sc. in Microbial and Food Technology
  • M.Tech in Food Technology
  • M.Tech in Food and Nutrition
  • MTech in Food Biotechnology
  • PG Diploma in Food Analysis and Quality Control
  • MSc Food Technology

Ph.D. Courses in Food Technology

  • Ph.D. in Food and Diary Technology
  • Ph.D. in Food Engineering and Technology
  • Ph.D. in Food Technology
  • Ph.D. in Food Science and Technology
  • Ph.D. in Agriculture and Food Security
  • Ph.D. in Food Biotechnology

Also check:

Food Technology Courses Syllabus

We are going to provide you with an overview of the syllabus that is offered at different universities and colleges. As food technology program is different for different courses like B.Tech, M.Tech, B.Sc, M.Sc. Semester-wise subjects may vary from university to university. Check out below subject list for different courses.

BSc Food Technology Syllabus

Food microbiology Food chemistry
Fundamentals of food processing Food laws and quality assurance
Bakery and confectionery products Food laws and quality assurance Normal therapeutic nutrition
The technology of spices and plantation products Fundamentals of milk processing
Concentrated and dehydrated milk products The technology of pulses and oilseeds
Food hygiene and sanitation Fermented milk products
Introduction to business laws and ethics Processed fruits and vegetable products
Food analysis Packaging of fresh and processed foods
Principles of fruits and vegetable technology The technology of dairy and seafood

M.Sc Food Technology Syllabus

Food chemistry Principles of food engineering
Food microbiology Nutrition and health
Fermentation technology Pulses and oilseeds technology
Technology of cereals The technology of meat, fish, and poultry
Food additives The technology of fruits and technology
Technology of beverages Food standards and quality assurance
Packaging technology Unit operations in food processing
Bioprocess technology Food biotechnology
Dairy technology

B.Tech Food Technology Syllabus

1st Semester

2nd Semester

Food processing

Dairy plant engineering

Food and vegetable processing

Applied mechanics and strengths of materials

Food Biochemistry

Refrigeration and air conditioning

Food microbiology

Crop processing technology

3rd Semester

4th Semester

Biochemistry of processing and preservation

Food industry waste management

Fat and oil processing technology

Food fermentation technology

Meat and poultry processing technology

Post-harvest physiology of fruits and vegetables

5th Semester

6th Semester

Bakery and confectionery technology

Management of food processing industries

Food plant safety and hazard analysis

Food packaging technology Fish processing technology

7th Semester

8th Semester

Food plant layout and design

Enzyme technology

Beverage processing

Food packaging technology

M.Tech Food Technology Syllabus

1st semester

2nd Semester

Food quality control

Advanced food process equipment design

International food legislation and standards

Food plant design

Meat and marine technology

Food microbiology

Advanced engineering statistics

Advanced beverage technology

Optimization techniques in food technology

Modern baking and confectionery technology

Advanced food chemistry

Advanced food packaging

3rd Semester

4th Semester

Transport phenomenon in food processing

Food toxicology

Food process management and control

Protein chemistry & technology

Handling and storage of food products

Computer applications in the food industry

Food production technology

Renewable energy for food processing

Rheology and texture analysis

Carbohydrate chemistry & technology

Applied food biotechnology

Enzymes in food processing

Ph.D. Food Technology Syllabus

Advances in food chemistry and nutrition Modern food microbiology
Advances in food biotechnology Automation in food processing
Food packaging Food analysis
Advances in food engineering Flavor Chemistry and technology
Renewable energy for food processing Food processing
Cold chain management Food supply chain management
Agrochemicals and residues in foods Protein chemistry and technology
Lipid Chemistry and technology Project planning and implementation
Separation techniques in food processing Carbohydrate chemistry and technology
Product design and development Juice processing technology
Confectionery technology Food microstructure and texture
Grain storage technology Statistical methods for food science
Computer applications in the food industry Business management & international trade

Top Colleges for Food Technology in India

Below we are going to provide some of the lists of top colleges in India for food technology courses. We have both government and private colleges for food technology courses. These colleges join students based on entrance exams and merit-based.

  • Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • MIT ADT University
  • Lovely Professional University, Chandigarh
  • Laxminarayan Institute of Technology, Nagpur
  • Harcourt Butler Technical University, Kanpur
  • Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi
  • S. R. M. Institute of Science and Technology
  • Institute of Chemical Technology
  • Government College, Mohali
  • Government Home Science College, Chandigarh
  • Osmania University College For Women, Hyderabad
  • Government Bilasa Girls PG College, Bilaspur
  • Jamshedpur Women’s College, Jamshedpur
  • National Institute of Technology Rourkela
  • Anna University
  • National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM), Delhi
  • Aligarh Muslim University – [AMU]

Fees for Food Technology Courses

Look into the fee details for food technology courses that are given below. We are going to discuss fee details for both government colleges and private colleges with minimum and maximum fees.


  • Private: Min 18k to Max 1.20Lakhs
  • Government: Min 2.40k to Max 67.15k

UG Courses :

  • Private: Min 30k to Max 25.94Lakhs
  • Government: Min 79.20k to Max 3.32 Lakhs

PG Courses:

  • Private: Min 59.64k to Max 6.00 Lakhs
  • Government: Min 19.94k to Max 3.74 Lakhs


  • Private:  5.25Lakhs

Skills Required for Food Technology

If students are interested to build their careers in the field of food technology course, they should have some basic skills. They are given below.

  • Observation skills
  • Awareness of the consumer market
  • Technical skills
  • Scientific approach
  • Time Management
  • Practical skills
  • Interest in health and nutrition
  • Research Skills
  • Interest in Food Science

Top Recruiters For Food Technology

Following are the top recruiting companies for food technology that are given below.

  • Coca-cola
  • Agro Tech Foods
  • Britannia
  • Hindustan Unilever Limited
  • Perfetti
  • Cadbury India
  • PepsiCo India
  • Godrej Industrial Limited
  • Gits food products private Limited
  • Parle Products Private Limited
  • Nestle India Private Limited

Food Technology Courses

Salary for Career Opportunities in Food Technology

We have many varieties of career opportunities after completion of food technology courses. From managing production to research you can find jobs in your interest and also based on the course you have studied. In this food technology career, the salary is also good. We are also going to provide the list of average salaries for some of the fields.

  • Food Technologist – Rs. 35,000 per month
  • Farm Manager – Rs. 40,000 per month
  • Biochemist – Rs. 393061 per month
  • Production Manager – Rs. 756910 per month
  • Bacteriologist – Rs. 60,000 per month

FAQs in Food Technology Courses

1. Is food technology a good career or not?

Food technology is a wonderful career opportunity for candidates who are interested in the technicalities of food. You can directly get a job after completion of your degree.

2. Is food technology hard to study?

It totally depends on the way you study, if you are more enthusiastic to know about the food you can study well easily.

3. What is the scope of food technology?

These days for food technology we have great scope as we can opt for jobs in restaurants, hospitals, food processing companies, soft drink manufacturing companies, biotechnology companies, and many more based on your talent, experience, and study.


We as a team provided you with the complete information about food technology courses and we hope that might be useful for you if you are in search of it. To live on earth food is the basic need for everyone, so in this field, a career will be a good anytime. With your hard work and dedication, you can serve society as well as can get a good job. Know more about other course details on our NCERTBooks.Guru website.


Know Everything About Cloud Architect Course Free | Azure Cloud Architecture Courses Certifications, Colleges, Fees, Syllabus, Jobs, Salary, and More

Cloud Architecture Courses

Cloud Architecture Courses: Architecture field is not limited to the designing and construction of buildings. There are a lot more specializations available in the course. One among them is cloud architecture courses. The course might be new to many people but it creates a lot of opportunities for the people who are into it.

Cloud architecture free courses are generally available in online mode and will provide you with knowledge about the best cloud platform providers such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. To know the complete details related to the Cloud Architect courses, read the below-provided article. It will help you a lot for a better understanding of cloud architecture.

About Cloud Architecture Courses in India

The cloud architecture course will teach you about the cloud technologies of the system. You will be able to grasp the google cloud technologies. Not only for the google cloud but a thorough understanding of cloud architecture as a whole concept.

The course will help you in designing, planning, and scaling cloud implementation. You will get to know about the concepts related to AWS Cloud formation, VPC, EC2, S3, Azure resource manager, Route53, Azure App Services, GCP, and more.

Related Articles: How to Become An Architect in India?

Best Cloud Architecture Courses List

The cloud architecture courses are available in various domains. It depends on you which domain you would like to choose. At the top are AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. These domains are offered by the top online platforms.

With the help of a certificated course, you will be able to get the training in the further cloud computing structure. Here, you can find the list of certification courses available:

  • Introduction to Cloud Computing Course by Amazon Web Services
  • Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 Exam Prep Specialization
  • Get Started with Cloud Computing — Level 1
  • Cloud Computing Concepts
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect — Associate
  • Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert
  • Cloud Architecture and Concepts
  • Foundations for Cloud Architecture
  • Introduction to Security and Architecture on AWS
  • Microsoft Azure Architecture for AWS Architects
  • Serverless Architecture: Executive Briefing

These above-mentioned courses are offered by AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud Platform from Udemy, Coursera, Edureka, Youtube, and more.

Cloud Architect Course

List of Cloud Architecture Free Courses

In the era of the internet, everything is available for free. Also, if you are, not interested in spending money on short courses then you can go for the free online cloud architect courses. Some of them are defined here:

  • Coursera Offers Free Introduction to Cloud Computing
  • 0 to Hero in Cloud computing Essentials With Azure
  • Udemy’s course GCP — Google Cloud Platform Concepts
  • Free Cloud Computing by Amazon Web Services
  • Learning Microsoft Azure [Udemy]
  • Fundamentals of Cloud Computing [Pluralsight]
  • A Practical Introduction to Cloud Computing Course from a free medium

Tools Used in Cloud Computing Architecture Courses

Every architect is taught about the specific tools which they are required to use in their practical jobs. But for the cloud architecture, these tools will help them in the formation of diagrams that will help them in the determination of various factors related to the cloud.

The factors such as speed of the cloud, cost involved in the project, complexity of the situation, and a lot more. Thus, for the execution of the ideas involved in the process, these tools are required. Some of these handful tools are described here:

  • Cloudcraft
  • Azure
  • Visual Paradigm
  • Arcentry
  • Edraw

Skills Required for Cloud Architect Course Free

Not only for clod architecture but skills are required for every job. Without proper skills, you cannot hold a top position in any field. When it comes to the IT sector then skills are the only expertise through which you earn a pretty good amount.

Some of the important skills for cloud computing architects are described here:

  • Knowledge of MySQL
  • Network administration skills
  • Skills in data storage and security
  • Knowledge of the working with AWS and other cloud providers
  • Programming skills in Java
  • Conceptual Knowledge of open-source tools such as Kubernetes and Docker
  • Experience in working with projects

List of Cloud Architect Courses Syllabus & Subjects

Cloud Architecture is a vast course that included the subjects which are mentioned below:

  • Cloud fundamentals
  • Auto-provisioning
  • Virtualisation concepts
  • Cloud computing securitization
  • Private cloud environment
  • Ethics and standards of cloud
  • Cloud as PaaS, SaaS
  • Public cloud environment


Jobs After Cloud Architect Course in India

There are various job opportunities for students who want to build their careers in cloud architecture. Top companies recruit the cloud architects for the position of:

  • AWS Specialist
  • Security Architect
  • Senior IT Architect
  • Solutions Architect
  • Azure Cloud Architect
  • Service Cloud Architect
  • AWS Cloud Solutions Architect
  • Data Architect

What is the Cloud Architecture Salary in India?

As the course is in high demand, it provided high salaried jobs for the people. In India, they earn around Rs 3 Lakh to 10 Lakh. However, these salaries are paid according to the skills and responsibilities which architects have in the organization.

FAQs on How to Learn Cloud Architecture Courses

1. Is a cloud architecture course in demand? 

Cloud architecture course is in great demand these days. According to the surveys conducted it has been observed that it is the 2nd most demanded skill for the employees. The companies are waiting for the professionals who have pursued this course.

2. Is cloud architecture similar to the normal architecture courses?

Cloud architecture courses are slightly different from the other architecture courses available to us. Cloud architecture work in the domain of designing, computing, and proportion of systems.

3. Are there any specific tools used in cloud architecture? 

Yes, there are a few tools that cloud architects use to provide the actual information related to the cloud. The tools which cloud architects use are Cloudcraft, Azure, Visual Paradigm, Arcentry, Edraw, and more.

4. What are the Roles and Duties of Cloud Architects? 

The main role of a cloud architect is to design and implement cloud computing solutions. Their main responsibility for them is to examine and monitor the cloud system, maintain privacy, properly check on technical issues, ensure the smooth functioning of a system, understand the requirements of the clients, and more.

5. Is the cloud architecture course free?

Yes, there are various courses available in India for cloud architecture. Online platforms like Coursera, Udemy, Pluralsight, and more offers free cloud architecture courses.


As of now, you have seen the detailed information for the cloud architecture course. So you can easily pursue your dream career in the same field. The course is in high demand and provides great career opportunities. To know more about architecture courses you can visit our official website and also you can drop your doubts in the comment section.

List of After Plus Two Courses for Science Students: Eligibility, Admission, Career Options, Scope, Job Profiles

After Plus Two Courses for Science Students

After Plus Two Courses for Science Students: Are you a class 12 student belonging to the science stream? Well, in that case, your head might be full of questions like “What after class 12”? You will be happy to know that there are enough options open for you for education after your board examinations.

Depending on your subjects, you should choose the right course for you. Courses for Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) students differ from courses for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology(PCB) students. We have compiled some of the best courses for you. Read on to know more.

List of After Plus Two Courses for Science Students

Some of the most popular courses science students can pursue after their class 12 exams are:

  • MBBS/BDS/Homeopathy/Unani
  • B.E/B.Tech
  • B.Sc(Hons)
  • BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications)
  • BSc (IT & Software)
  • B.Sc (Nursing)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)
  • Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)

Medical Courses after 12th Science

If you aspire to join the healthcare industry, you should opt for medical courses. It is one of the best fields for students to pursue after their class 12 examinations. The medical field doesn’t only mean doctors; there is a rising demand for paramedics as well. Let us look into the various types of medical or paramedical courses one can pursue after class 12.

Types of Medical Courses for Science Students

Let us look at some of the top medical courses.

1. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) – This is one of the most popular medical courses. If you wish to practice medicine or become a surgeon in the future, you should take up this course. The duration of this course is 5.5 years, including one year of a mandatory internship. Admission to MBBS is done through NEET UG followed by counseling.

2. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) – This course is for medical aspirants who wish to become dentists or dental surgeons in the future. The course duration is about 4.5 years. To get admission in BDS, students must clear the NEET UG exam.

3. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery(BAMS) – This course blends the traditional methods of treatment with the modern ones to provide treatment to the needy. The course duration is 5.5 years, and the entrance examinations are NNET UG, AP EAMCET, etc.

4. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) – This undergraduate course provides medical knowledge of homeopathy. Like most medical courses, this course also has a duration of 5.5 years and entrance is done through various examinations like NEET, BVP CET, KEAM, etc.

5. Bachelor of Pharmacy(B.Pharm) – If you wish to work in the pharmaceutical sector, B. Pharm is the right option for you. NEET UG is not required for this course. Various state-level and university-level entrance examinations are conducted for admission. The duration of the course is 4.5 years.

6. Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) – The demand for physiotherapists is surging. The course focuses on the science of physical movements. The duration of the course is 4.5 years, which includes an internship. Admission is done through various state-level examinations (CET), JIPMER, etc.

7. B.Sc in Nursing – Nursing is a very respected profession. The course gives detailed knowledge of nursing to the students. It is a 4-year undergraduate degree. Mostly, the respective colleges/universities conduct their own entrance examinations.

8. Diploma of Pharmacy (D.Pharm) – This is a two years course. Major entrance exams are GPAT and AU AIMEE.

Top Colleges for Medical Courses for Science Students

  • Christian Medical College (Vellore)
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences( New Delhi)
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Science (Delhi)
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh.
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences (Mangalore)
  • KGMU Lucknow – King George’s Medical University.
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences – NIMHANS Bangalore

Apart from these, there are various government and private colleges which provide medical education to the aspirants.

Career Options for Medical Courses for Science Students

The demand for healthcare workers is always high. After completion of the course, medical students can start working in the healthcare sector. Alternatively, they can also opt for higher education (a master’s degree).

Get a comprehensive list of Course Details belonging to various streams all under one place so that you can decide on your favorite course easily.

After Plus Two Engineering Courses for Science Students

Engineering is a very popular course for science students after their class 12 exams. There are numerous options from which you can choose. Now, let us explore the engineering world.

List of Engineering Courses for Science Students after 12th

Some of the top engineering courses are:

  • B. Tech Electrical Engineering
  • B. Tech Computer Science Engineering
  • B. Tech Information Technology Engineering
  • B. Tech Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech Mechanical Engineering
  • B. Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE)
  • B. Tech Automobile Engineering
  • B. Tech Biotechnology
  • B. Tech Food Technology
  • B. Tech Metallurgical And Materials Engineering
  • B. Tech Chemical Engineering
  • B. Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering (EEE)

Eligibility of Engineering Courses after 12th for Science Students

  • Students must have completed their class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as their subjects.
  • A minimum of 50% marks is necessary for class 12 exams to be eligible to sit for the various entrance exams.

Admission Process for Engineering Courses for Science Students

Some of the most popular engineering entrance examinations are

  • JEE Mains & Advanced

The admission process varies for different colleges.

Top Colleges for Engineering Courses after 12th for Science Students

Lakhs of students compete for the IITs and NITs every year. In total, there are 23 IITs and 31 NITs. Apart from that, colleges like IISER, Indian School of Mining (ISM ) Dhanbad, IIITs, Jadavpur University, and VIT are the top-rated ones.

Engineering Courses Career Options after Plus Two for Science Students

B.Tech graduates find it very easy to secure a job. The massive demand for technology graduates in the private as well as government sectors results in a good recruitment drive in almost all engineering colleges. Alternatively, students can pursue higher education instead of joining a job immediately after graduation.

B.Sc Courses after 12th for Science Students

The BSc program offers a wide range of subjects. This undergraduate degree forms a foundation base for students who want to pursue their careers in Science. The duration of the BSc Courses is mostly 3 years. Admission is done based on entrance exams or merit.

List of B.Sc Science Courses

There are numerous B.Sc courses. We have shortlisted the most popular ones for you.

  • BSc Computer Science
  • BSc Agriculture
  • BSc Economics
  • BSc Statistics
  • BSc Mathematics
  • BSc Botany
  • BSc Psychology
  • BSc Microbiology
  • BSc Chemistry
  • BSc Physics
  • BSc Zoology
  • BSc Biochemistry
  • BSc Anthropology
  • BSc Fashion Designing
  • BSc Geology

Career Options after 12th for B.Sc Science Students

A B.Sc graduate can either apply for jobs in the private or government sector or can go for higher studies. If they don’t want to pursue an MSc, they can opt for MCA or MBA.

BCA Courses After Plus Two for Science Students

BCA is a three-year undergraduate degree program that imparts knowledge on computer applications and software engineering. It is a very popular alternative to B.Tech. Admission to BCA is done by both merit and entrance-based exams. Top BCA colleges demand a minimum of 50% marks in class 12 exams.

BCA graduates easily seek a job in the IT sector. Job profiles include software developer, web designer, system analyst, etc. BCA graduates may also pursue higher education, for example, MCA.

BBA Course After Plus Two for Science Students

BBA is a three-year undergraduate, professional course in business management. Most BBA colleges require a minimum of 50% in the class 12 exams as an eligibility criterion.
Admission is done based on both the entrance exam and merit-based.

A BBA graduate can work in various domains like Sales, Marketing, Finance, HR, etc. MBA is a choice for most BBA Graduates.

FAQs on After 12th Science Courses List PDF

1. Which is the best course after plus two science?

Depending on your choice, you can select medicine, engineering, BCA, or BSc courses, to name a few, for your undergraduate. All of the above courses are rewarding in their own way.

2. What should a science student do after 12th?

A class 12 science student can enroll in the various science undergraduate programs. Top courses are MBBS, B.Tech, BCA, B.Sc, etc. There are also diploma courses for students to opt for.

3. What are the top 10 courses after plus two science?

Courses like MBBS, B.Sc, B.Tech, BBA, BCA, B.Arch, B.Pharm, BDS, B.Sc (Nursing), and BPT are in high demand. They provide ample job opportunities as well as higher education options.


Numerous options are available for the Science stream students after their class 12. Depending on their choices, they should choose the right one for them. We hope we could help you choose one!

Process Engineering Courses Details | Eligibility, Fees, Duration, Career Scope, and Jobs

Process Engineering Courses

Process Engineering Courses: If you are willing to build up your career in Process Engineering then you are required to pursue a bachelor’s such as B.Tech in Process Engineering. The field will teach you about design, optimization, control of processes, fundamental laws, and more.

Engineering includes various other aspects of engineering such as agriculture, chemical, food, mining, and more. By pursuing this degree you will learn the implementation of quality, safety, and reliability in the process industry.

About B.Tech Process Engineering Courses In India

BITS Pilani offers you B.Tech Course in Process Engineering. Process Engineering Course Duration is 4 years which consists of 7 semesters. It is a work-integrated program for working professionals. As the course is available in an online format so you can easily opt for the same.

The course provides the framework for working professionals to focus on designing, operating and control of physical and chemical processes. It will also provide enhancement to work in the biological processes. B.Tech in Process Engineering provides you long time skills development which later helps you in the process industry. With the help of it, you can frame your career in the realistic path of your own choice.

To know more about the B.Tech Process Engineering Courses you may read the below article and know the complete details for fees, eligibility, colleges, and more.

Bachelor’s Process Engineering Course Admission Process

You can directly apply to the Chemical Process Engineering Courses from the official website through the following steps:

  1. Visit the official website and create an account
  2. Then fill out the application form and submit the required details
  3. Pay the application fees.
  4. Also, in the end, you will be required to provide your own signatures and your mentor’s signature.
  5. Do not forget to take a printout of the form for future reference.

Process Engineering Course Eligibility

The basic eligibility criteria to get into the B.Tech Process Engineering is:

  • You must hold either diploma in engineering course or a Bachelor of Science degree in the relevant domain.
  • Your bachelor’s degree must be completed with a minimum aggregate of 60% marks.
  • You must hold a minimum of 2 years of work experience in the engineering area such as agriculture, Pharma, Fertilizer, Petroleum, Chemical, etc.

Fees for Process Engineering Course

For B.Tech Process Engineering you have to pay Rs 1500 as application fees, Rs 16,500 as admission fees, and Rs 57,750 as semester fees. The Process Engineering Online Course Fee structure is very well defined and you can easily pay the fees through instalments.

Process Engineering Colleges

B.Tech Process Engineering is an online course. As the course is available online so you are not required to visit the college. But for Masters in Process Engineering, there are various colleges such as

  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Kanpur
  • NIT Trichy
  • NIT Surathkal
  • MANIT Bhopal
  • BITS Pilani
  • Institute of Technical Education and Research Bhubaneswar
  • UPES Dehradun
  • IIT Bombay
  • Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science

Do Refer

Skills Required for Process Engineering Course

There are various skills required for the process engineers such as

  • Mathematical Skills
  • Software Systems
  • Computer Knowledge
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Team Work
  • Communication Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • Auto CAD

Process Engineering Courses Details

Process Engineering Syllabus

The actual syllabus for the process of engineering according to the semesters is different from college to college. But the pattern and subjects will remain the same. The B.Tech Syllabus for Process Engineering Courses also included elective courses which will be taught during the classes. Here, is the list of core and elective subjects for the process engineering course.

Core Subjects

The core subjects are a little important from the mark’s point of few. They have more weightage and will make you score a high percentage if you get high marks in that.

Calculus Computer Programming
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics Fundamentals of Transport Processes
Electrical & Electronics Technology Engineering Materials
Energy Management Process Equipment Design
Linear Algebra & Optimization Chemical Process Calculations
Process Design Principles Dissertation
Process Plant Safety & Environment Process Control & Instrumentation
Technical Report Writing Principles of Management
Unit Operations – I Engineering Measurements

Elective Subjects

There is a choice in elective subjects. You can choose whichever suits you as informed by the university. These do not have high weightage but they are scoring subjects.

Environmental Pollution Control Fertilizer Technology
Extractive Metallurgy Cement Technology
Furnace Technology Power Plant Engineering
Materials Management Steel Processing
Production Planning and Control Essentials of Project Management
Quality Control Assurance & Reliability Manufacturing Processes

Career Scope and Job Opportunities after B.Tech Process Engineering

Process Engineers are in great demand these days. If you are choosing this course then you must be relaxed you will get good career opportunities. You can work in both the private and government sectors as a process engineer, Even there are various specific fields in which you can perform such as Pharma, Chemical Industry, Agricultural industry, environmental industries, and more. There are various job profiles that are waiting for you after the completion of your degree.

  •  Senior Process Engineer
  • Junior Process Engineer
  • Food Hygiene Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Professor

Process Engineers Salary

As the career scope is quite good it created a high-rated salary for you. The average salary is INR 4 LPA to INR 8 LPA. It is totally dependent on your job profile and the task which you ate performing.

FAQs on UG Process Engineering Courses

1. From where I can pursue B.Tech in Process Engineering?

Ans. You can opt for B.Tech in Process Engineering Courses from the best colleges all over India. As the course is an amazing opportunity for working professionals, it is a work-integrated learning program.

2. What is the duration of Process Engineering Courses?

Ans. The bachelor’s course has a duration of 4 years which included 7 semesters. The master’s course in Process engineering is available for the duration of 2 years.

3. What is the eligibility for the Process Engineering Course?

Ans. You must be a working professional with a minimum bachelor’s degree in the relevant field. Also, you have at least 60% marks in your bachelor’s.

4. What is the role of a process engineer in a firm?

Ans. Process Engineers are required to design, analyze, control various processes in the industry. They were mainly recruited for chemical, biotechnology, and manufacturing firms.

Final Words

We have included the complete and latest information on B.Techg Process Engineering Courses Details. You can visit our official website to know more about process engineering courses or other engineering domains. If you have any queries feel free to ask in the comment section below.