Conversation Between Shopkeeper/ Salesman and Customer [Simple Four Scenarios]

Conversations Between Salesman and Customer about Clothes

Introduction: When you think about sales, what are you thinking about?

You’re imagining some people talking.

One person is a customer speaking about buying something, and they’re probably having lots of queries.

Another man is selling that same thing, answering questions and explaining why it’s worth the value.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

Simple Conversations Between Salesman and Customer about Shoes, Clothes, Grocery, and Vegetables

The truth is that sales are likely about interacting with people. To work in a sales job, you’ll need to get to know your customers’ needs and wants, as well as how to give them exactly what they want to pay for.

So, if you plan to shine in sales, you should start with learning how to make conversation.

Once you get that potential buyer to talk to you, the final moment when you “close the deal” (sell something) isn’t very far away.

The whole article is about the conversation between a shopkeeper/ salesman and a customer at the time buying the following three items:

  • Shoes,
  • Clothes,
  • Grocery, and
  • Vegetables and fruits (this one involves the mediation of price)

The following are the examples or sample conversations on these three items.

Conversations Between Salesman and Customer

1. Conversation while Buying Shoes

Salesman: Mam, how may I help you?

Customer: I’m exploring your branch for a pair of sports shoes.

Salesman: May I know the foot size that you do wear usually?

Customer: Nine.

Salesman: Eight for which brand?

Customer: Does the same size mean a distinctive thing for diverse brands? It should be standard across all brands.

Salesman: For a few brands, the same size can mean slightly distinguished fitting.

Customer: Is it? I thought differently. Anyhow, I wear a size Eight of Clarks, and as I need to buy the same brand, it shouldn’t be a problem.

Salesman: Yes, it doesn’t make any change in that scenario. Take a look at this section, which has some incredible new arrivals in shoes on sale.

(The customer first glimpses through the shoes on sale.)

Customer: The variety of shoes is more limited here. Because I’m purchasing shoes for at least several years, I would like to purchase something I want. I’ll go with new arrivals.

Salesman: The majority of the shoes on sale were sold out to customers within a day of the opening of the sale. That’s why you find far less collection there.

Salesman: Why don’t you try this model of shoes?

Customer: Not these. I’m looking for a more formal look, the ones with borders and predominantly decent form.

Customer: I like to give it a try with this one.

(The customer puts on the pair of shoes and walks few yards.)

Customer: This goes perfectly. I’ll buy this one in black—size eight.

Salesman: Anything else, Mam?

Customer: No, thanks.

Salesman: Then, may I get the billing done.

Customer: Sure.

2. Conversation while Buying Grocery

Customer: I need a dozen eggs, one pouch of buttermilk, two liters of double-toned milk, a liter of soybean cooking oil, a half kg of raw grounded coconut, two kilograms of Mung dal, and three flavoured yogurts.

(Once the shop assistant collected all these items from the shelves in the store, the shopkeeper makes the bill.)

Customer: How much will all these items cost?

Shopkeeper: 10 Dollars

Customer: What’s the cost of dozen eggs?

Shopkeeper: 1 dollar a dozen.

Customer: That’s a lot more than what you sold the last time.

Shopkeeper: Rates are increased compared to the previous week.

Customer: OK. Please give me a discount as I’m purchasing quite a few items in a row.

Shopkeeper: We rarely make any margins of profit on these particular items.

Customer: I know how much you make.

Shopkeeper: OK, give me rupees 9$

Customer: Please use this Jute bag to carry the items.

3. Conversation During the Clothes Purchase

Salesman: Mam, how may I help you?

Customer: I’m looking for casual and formal T-shirts and trousers.

Salesman: You can find a T-shirt for casual wear on that side of the showroom. Yet, formal wear is on the second floor.

Customer: All right, I’ll start with formal wear.

(The customer and the salesman proceed to the formal wear section which is on the second floor.)

Salesman: What size T-shirt do you prefer mam?

Customer: I wear 32″.

Salesman: You’ll find 32″ T-shirts on this particular shelf.

Customer: Can you please take out these three T-shirts? I want T-shirts without sleeves.

Salesman: None of these is with sleeves.

(The salesman takes the chosen three shirts out and unleashes them on the waist-high table, placed in between him and the customer.)

Customer: I like the plain, light colors in white and blue.

Salesman: These are nice and comfortable T-shirts. They would go well with dark-shaded trousers, especially those in shades of grey and black. You can take a look at the trouser section as well before you try all of them together.

(They then proceed to check on trousers on the same floor.)

Customer: Can you please show me the trousers in 28″ waist size?

Salesman: These shelves are for waist size 28″.

Customer: Can you please take this and this out?

(The salesman pulls the two trousers out and lines them on the table. The customer killed a few minutes deciding between them and then, ultimately selects one.)

Customer: Where can I try them? Is there any trial room on this floor?

Salesman: Right side of the staircase.

(The customer tries the selected T-shirts and the trousers and comes back.)

Customer: I’ll buy two T-shirts and black trousers.

Salesman: OK, mam. We can now proceed to the ground floor for casual wear.

(They move down to the ground floor and proceed to the section for casual wear.)

Customer: Show me the new arrivals for the summer collection.

Salesman: You’ll really like this. You can wear these casuals for office, shopping, etc. with much comfort in the summer as the color contrast is light in shades and the pattern is simple and elegant.

Customer: I like this one. Let me try this one out.

(The customer tries the selected casual wear and comes back.)

Customer: OK. Please pack this one as well. Now, I’ve two formal T-shirts, one pair of trousers, and one casual dress.

Salesman: Would you want to see anything matching for these selected clothes mam?

Customer: Not now. Thanks.

Salesman: No problem, mam. Our tailor can measure the length of your trousers and would stitch the bottom accordingly and trim off the excess. Meanwhile, I’ll make your billing done.

Customer: When can I collect the trousers?

Salesman: In one hour.

Customer: OK, Thanks.

4. Conversation while Buying Electronics

Salesman: Hello sir, welcome to our store.

Customer: Thank you.

Salesman: How can I help you, sir.

Customer: Actually, I am planning to buy an air conditioner, so could you please help me with that.

Salesman: Sure, sir. Could you please specify me the brand so that I can be more transparent with the details?

Customer: I am using Panasonic AC these days but I am not that satisfied with its services.

Salesman: You should try the LG air conditioner. It is already in high demand.

Customer: What kind of service does it offer?

Salesman: In LG air conditioner, you will get a two-year warranty. It also has five free services. The installation is free. The maintenance is also taken care by the company.

Customer: That’s perfect.

Salesman: Sir, where do you want to install the air conditioner?

Customer: In the living hall.

Salesman: How much Tonne is required?

Customer: 1.0 Tonne would be better.

Salesman: Okay sir.

Customer: Could you please tell me the price of this air conditioner and the mode of payment?

Salesman: It will cost you around 20000/- INR including service tax. And you can pay by card, cash or cheque.

Customer: Perfect, I would like to pay by card.

Salesman: Sure, sir. Let’s complete the formalities and proceed further.

Customer: Okay!

Top 15 Best Online Dictionaries

Best Online Dictionaries

An Online Dictionary is a lexicon that is available via the internet using a web browser. With the whole World preferring to get the job done via the online mode due to demanding situations, online dictionaries are coming off as a massive help to English Language learners. It is the quickest way to refer to the details of a particular term. The use of dictionaries is widespread all over the World and in all fields of work. It is essential to know how to use a dictionary to make learning more effective appropriately.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

How to use a Dictionary?

  • Firstly, one needs to choose the right dictionary according to the level of learning they are undergoing. If one is not an advanced English Language learner, they should go for the standard dictionaries like the Oxford dictionary, Longmans Dictionary, Google Dictionary, Reverso etc. When a user has good English language proficiency, they should approach the advanced English Language dictionaries.
  • At first, one needs to look up the word meaning and understand it. Then they can refer to the translation to have a better understanding.
  • The user should examine the spelling of the word, along with the forms available.
  • Grammatically right applications should be referred and understood to be familiar with the word’s usage in all its forms.
  • Following the step mentioned above, learners should check out synonyms, collocations and pronunciations of the word.
  • User can then lookup for related words and follow the same steps for further learning.

Requirements of Online Dictionaries:

Every dictionary has specific requirements that it should fulfil to be of the best use to the learner. The following are the basic requirements that should be present in any dictionary:

  • Meaning: A specific term could have several implications for it. Hence, it is important to know whatever purpose exists for that particular to make it is easier to apply the meanings at different places. When the dictionary explains meanings using simple terms, it is easier for the learners.
  • Examples: Along with the meaning, it is vital to provide example sentences. When a dictionary provides with example sentences, the application of the word becomes clearer. For English Language learners, the example sentences are the most necessary attribute of dictionaries.
  • Tenses: Some dictionaries provide the different forms of tenses that the word looked out for can be presented. It is essential to know the tenses of a word to place it in a grammatically correct sentence. The concept of English Language becomes more transparent with learning the tenses.
  • Synonyms: Synonym has a massive role in expanding the vocabulary of the English Language. Sometimes we cannot express ourselves due to lack of speech, but once we start adapting to the several (at least two) synonym for the same word, our expression becomes more diverse. The presence of stalk of words in the head is necessary to become proficient in the English Language.
  • Pronunciation: Pronunciation is key to spoken English. Dictionaries often provide with the British or American English pronunciation. The audio pronunciation feature helps us get a clear idea about how the word is supposed to be said in our speech and how it sounds from a native speaker’s mouth.
  • Parts of speech: An ideal dictionary should have the parts of speech to which the word belongs. It could be a noun, pronoun, adjective adverb and more. Sometimes a single word can fall into the category of more than one part of speech. Thus, it is vital to have an idea about it while learning about the term.
  • Antonyms: Some dictionaries also provide with the antonym of the word searched for more clarity in knowledge.

The following are the list of Online English Language Dictionaries:

1. Oxford Dictionary

The Oxford Dictionary is one of the oldest and most trusted online dictionaries with the wordfinder feature, which helps find related words and build vocabulary in the English Language.

Oxford Dictionary is regarded as the best tool for learning English for students and learners. It is an online platform that helps define words both in British as well as American English.

Oxford Dictionary provides the meaning of words with clarity and provides with the related picture for the visual impact. Use of the words in sentences, the pronunciation of the term, and synonyms are also available to make the learning more compact.

According to records, the Oxford English Dictionary provides an unsurpassed guide to English language documenting 600,000 words and 3.5million illustrated quotations from over 1000 years of history across the English-speaking World.

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary: The Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary is the ideal dictionary for advanced English language learners. The updated version of 2020 of the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary has made some addition to its already existing words to keep itself updated with the changing World. Example: Words related to the pandemic such as self-isolate, contact tracing, Covid-19, words related to social issues such as gender fluid, unconscious bias, generation Z, and terms that have become common with passing the time like an ultramarathon, plant-based etc.

Thus, the oxford dictionary has well updated with today’s word usage in the English Language.

2. Google Dictionary

Google Dictionary is one of the most comprehensive online dictionaries and has its attribute that it boasts the meaning of almost every English word. The feature of translation is present in Google Dictionary that allows one to translate their word choice to English as required, however not all translations are available. Along with word meanings, it provides synonyms, case-examples, the origin of the word and antonyms. It has audio pronunciation tools and autosuggest features that enhance our knowledge. It displays the searched word in the present tense, past tense, present and past participle tense forms to give us an idea about applying the particular word during the construction of sentences using different tenses.

3. Macmillan Online Dictionary

Macmillan Dictionary is one of the best dictionaries for English speaking users from all corners of the World. Its unique feature includes incorporating stars and colours to mark how frequently the word is used in English. Every word defined in this dictionary links to Thesaurus entry and uses commonly occurring and easy to understand English words to explain the terms searched. Although it has limited features compared to other dictionaries, it provides users with new words every day to improve English grammar. Collocations and metaphor boxes are present along with language awareness pages that contain idioms, discourse, cultural values, word formation etc. Macmillan dictionary also provides a complete package of researched materials based on the details of learner’s writing.

The Open Dictionary in Macmillan Dictionary’s crowdsource dictionary is where user can suggest words and expressions that get added to it. Thousands of words and phrases have been appended since 2009, from when the feature was started.

4. Cambridge Online Dictionary

One of the most respected online dictionaries for official and academic purposes is the Cambridge Online Dictionary. The Cambridge English Dictionary is based on original research on unique Cambridge English Corpus and includes all that vocabulary learners need to know from English Vocabulary profile. It is known for its outstanding dictionary, grammar and translator. It presents more than 18,000 simple definitions with usual words we know. Translation for over 20 languages is present in the Cambridge Online Dictionary. The dictionary also has audio pronunciation features, idioms, phrasal verbs and thesaurus. Words having a lot of applied examples to go with are present. Autosuggest is a well working feature for the Cambridge Online Dictionaries.

5. The Free Dictionary

The Free Dictionary is a comprehensive, free online dictionary, thesaurus with definitions, synonyms, abbreviations, idioms, and terminologies used in medical and financial fields. The Free Dictionary is a very user interactive platform. The user can create their homepage and personalize it accordingly. The Free Dictionary provides multiple definitions for a particular language, and the translation feature works for a few languages like German, French etc. It is one of the most popularly adopted online dictionaries over the decades.

6. com has been helping people improve their English Language skills through extensive online service for over twenty years. is the World’s leading source for English definitions, synonyms and word origins. It also includes idioms, slang words, audio pronunciations, word games, legal and medical terms. This site incorporates the ‘Word of The Day’ feature as well to expand vocabulary. The browsing helps us view words alphabetically and makes the searching process more manageable. The user can also view the trending words or the new words added to the list.

7. Wordnik

Wordnik is an online English glossary and language resources from a non-profit organization. Wordnik provides both dictionary and Thesaurus content. Its contents are based on the print dictionaries like Century Dictionary and American Heritage Dictionary. Billions of words exist to express example sentences allowing it to provide information on a much larger set of words by exploring it in sentences, rather than what a typical dictionary would do. It is more useful for advanced English Language learners who are familiar with basics. Wordnik uses realistic examples to the most extent.

8. Webster is an online dictionary that is the easiest to use. It presents more than 13,000 definitions and words from various dictionaries, including Webster’s dictionary. Any word put into the search box and browsed for is provided with its proper meaning using easy English Language. Multiple definitions and applied examples are provided along with the part of speech of the word. The ‘Related Word’ section offers the concepts that connect with the term inputted by the user.

The dictionary by Merriam Webster is America’s most trusted online English dictionary

9. Wiktionary

Wiktionary follows a similar approach as is done to Wikipedia. Wiktionary is an excellent dictionary for both primary and advanced English Language as it provides detailed explanations for the word required using definitions and illustrations, unlike other dictionaries. Some of the features present in Wiktionary are autosuggest, well-versed pronunciations, synonyms, etymology and related terms. A unique part of Wiktionary is “anagrams” that helps learn new terms by regauging a word’s letters. This feature allows to expand vocabulary in English Language and is exciting and fun to discover the new expressions. Language statistics, thesaurus, phrasebooks and extensive appendices tag along in Wiktionary. Wiktionary supports multiple languages besides the English Language.

10. Reverso

Reverso is a convenient, incredibly powerful dictionary. The user needs to explore the site to become thoroughly familiar with the interface. Several definitions and examples of English words and phrases are available on the Reverso dictionary. It also is provided with the translation feature to make the English Language learning easier by seeing the meaning of the word in the user’s native language and English Language simultaneously. It currently translates between Dutch, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese, Arabic, Japanese and Hebrew. Looking up for random words and phrases to be incorporated in your text is easier using Reverso. Reverso provides with the ‘context’ page, where when the user enters a word or phrase; the site offers many example sentences with it in context. The examples are also translated sometimes, making Reverso one of the most user-friendly online English Dictionary sites for use.

11. American Heritage English Dictionary

The American Heritage Dictionary about the English Language is an English Dictionary published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin first in 1969. It broke ground among dictionaries using corpus linguistics for compiling word frequencies and other information. It has a unique way of combining prescriptive information: how language should be used to descriptive information: how language is used. The American Heritage Dictionary uses photographic illustrations, and it also has a large number of biographical entries for notable persons, unlike any other dictionaries. It is an excellent reference dictionary for advanced English Language learners. It provides word meanings, example sentences, the origin of the word, information about the word form and a vast number of synonyms. The auto-suggests option also works well.

12. Collins Online Dictionary

Published by Harper Collins in Glasgow, Collins English Dictionary is a printed and online dictionary of English Language that is one of the best dictionaries that can be referred to by both basic and advanced English Language learners. Besides providing the word meaning in simple English, Collins Online Dictionary also gives the different parts of speech with example sentences. Video pronunciation is available both in British and American English in this dictionary which is a unique feature. The dictionary provides Cobuild collocations and a statistical representation of usage in the searched word trends over the years. List of related or nearby words are provided, and even the translation in different languages. Collins English Dictionary is extremely easy to use and is highly recommended for everyone who needs a handy online English Language Dictionary. Besides, it also provides a quick word challenge feature that is a fun quiz to take and strengthen the grip on the English Language.

13. The Word Reference English dictionary

The English Word Reference dictionary offers two dictionaries simultaneously, which are the WordReference Random House Learner’s Dictionary of American English as well as the Collins Concise English Dictionary. The user can find more than 125,000 words and phrases here. The filtering offered by Word Reference English dictionary is very convenient. After typing in our word, we can input our choice if we want the meaning, definition, synonym or want it translated to any other language. The interface filters the user’s selection accordingly and provides the exact requirement. English collocations, thesaurus, usage and conjugations are available alongside the translation and everyday word meanings. It uses comfortable and proper examples with the implications for convenient English Language learning.

14. Urban Dictionary

Urban Dictionary is a crowdsourced online English dictionary created by Aaron Peckham. It mainly consists of online English slangs and phrases. It is not ideal for learning the English Language; however, it is useful to refer to the Urban Dictionary to know about any trending internet words in English. The Urban Dictionary will not provide the word meaning that can be used for official English Language learning. It will only give the everyday use of the term specifying its maximum usage in the slang context. It is not an ideal dictionary for English Language learners, but it is a convenient and useful English dictionary for today’s online World.

15. Longman dictionary for contemporary English

Longman Dictionary for Contemporary English was first published in 1978 by Longman. Aforementioned is one of the most general dictionaries and has 230,000 words, phrases and meanings more than any other advanced learner’s dictionary. It provides more than 165,000 real examples. Longman Dictionary is a useful resource for online vocabulary and grammar in the English Language for students and teachers. The dictionary also provides collocations and examples from Corpus. If the term appears in the business field, the meaning from the Longman Business Dictionary is given. Longman Dictionary displays related topic and words to the searched word. The interface displays word of the day, picture of the day, hot issues, vocabulary exercises and quizzes to enhance the learning process.

You’re Not Too Old to Speak English Fluently

Not Too Old to Speak English Fluently

English is a global language. Every one in six people use English to communicate. Today, with the emerging digital platform around the world, learning English is the only way to communicate and work.

Online meetings and global conferences have made fluent English a mandate for young entrepreneurs and start-ups. Communication is a complex procedure, especially when you are traveling.

The global pandemic has made people realize the importance of verbal communication. If you are looking for ways to improve your communication skills, don’t worry, you are not too old to speak English fluently.

There are various simple ways to improve your speaking skills in a short period.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

7 Tips to Learn Fluent English Quickly

No matter what your reason is, when it comes to learning a language, everyone wants it quick and easy. Speaking a language fluently requires confidence and knowledge.

There are various strategies that you can apply to learn English quickly. Here, we have assembled seven different ways that will help you to speak English fluently.

  • Set Your Goal- It is important to set a goal before you start anything. You can set a period by which you would like to speak fluently. You can also make a schedule to give time to learn the language aside from your daily work and classes.
  • Make A Strategy- It is important to make strategies when you plan to learn new things. Before you make plans, you need to know the level of English that you are. Focus on the time you spend every day on the subject and the things that you do to learn the language.
  • Make It Your Daily Routine- You must stay in touch with a language every day. This will help you to remember grammar, figures of speech, and other essential techniques to speak correct English. Speaking with your family and friends in English is a good start to practice spoken English.
  •  English Environment Is Important- Learning a new language becomes easy when you surround yourself with it. If you cannot involve your family, you can always use applications and TV shows to do so.

For example, start with news channels that are English. News channels help you to understand the language easily. Other than that, reading English newspapers are of great help. It will help you to learn new words and increase your vocabulary.

  • Look For Methods That Will Help You To Learn English Effectively- As a student, it takes a toll to focus on learning a new language amidst all the classes and work. Learning new sounds and words can be hard when you don’t get help.

Therefore, the best way is to take classes from a professional. This way you can take tests and know about your development easily. Most people take up periodic online classes which helps them to learn the language within a certain period.

  • Listen- One of the most powerful tools for learning is to listen. When you listen to people or communicate, you can easily learn new words. Many applications help you to listen to a sentence and learn the language. You can repeat sentences and record yourself to know how you sound.

When you start recording yourself, you will get an idea of how different your accent is from the original audio. This will help you to compare and spot the differences easily.

Although some people do not like the sound of their voice, it is best to not overthink and work on fluency. Daily practice of using new phrases in your sentences will help you to learn a lot within a short period.

  • Practice Speaking English- There is a saying “Practice makes a man perfect”. Any new hobby you start needs daily practice for quick learning and perfection. The same goes for speaking fluent English. There are various ways through which you can start to practice on an everyday basis.

You can either hire a professional to learn about the language and use correct grammar in your sentences. You can use online applications or classes to perfect your speech. Lastly, you can take help from your friends and make a group to practice speaking English every day.

If you can manage to hire a professional, you will likely learn way more quickly. You can also get honest feedback and learn from your mistakes. Weekly tests will also help you to assess your progress which makes it a reliable option.

  • Join Language Exchange- Language exchange can be really fun. Now you might be wondering, what is a language exchange? It is to communicate and learn the language from a person who knows the language well while the other learns the language that you excel at. This is a fun way to learn a language and it is proven to work well among students.

You must learn the type of English you want to speak. Once you surround yourself with the topics you talk about, you will know the type of language and accent you want to use. This helps to learn the language quickly. According to BBC, learning around 800 English words that are frequently used will help you to speak around 70% of the language fluently. If you are a bookworm, it can be a great advantage for you to learn the language quickly.

The Advantages of Learning Fluent English

Irrespective of your age and purpose, learning a language can be fun and effective in your everyday life.

There are around six thousand languages that people speak. English is the most widely used language, it is the key to communicate with people from other countries while you travel overseas for work, education, and travel.

We have already discussed how to learn the language. Here, we have discussed the advantages of speaking fluent English.

Connect and Communicate– The pandemic and the lockdown and led people to sit back home and work in solitude. However, the digital platform has allowed us to connect and work with people all over the world. Fluent English will help you understand other people and their culture.

Use It to Grow Your Business– No matter where you stay or what business you are associated with, English is a must when it comes to expand and sell your services. It is also considered to be the international language of business.

English communication skills are a must when you seek a job in corporate sectors or other fortune companies.

According to CNN business, speaking fluent English is mandatory for every employee working in a company. Negotiating with clients, presenting new products, conducting events require speaking English.

A Must for Travellers– Learning English is an undue advantage for travel lovers. No matter where you travel, speaking English will benefit you in great ways.

Although there is no harm in learning a few local phrases English will help you survive with any kind of things you need like paying bills, ordering food, and look for off-beat places.

Increases Your Earning Potential– There is a section in your curriculum vitae asking for the la gauges that you know. When you know a lot of languages, it automatically increases your chance of earning a lot more than you would initially earn.

According to a study conducted by LECG Europe and Wharton, learning a new language automatically increases the annual income by 2%. Although it might seem less, however, in the long run, it is quite high and with higher returns.

If you are a foreigner and taking up English as your second language, it can be highly beneficial. It will instantly increase your earning potential in your home country.

Great for Your Academics– Learning English can be highly beneficial for any student. It automatically increases their potential for higher studies in foreign universities.

Most of the prestigious universities require the students to know fluent English and even conduct several exams to understand the depth of their knowledge. Therefore, career-wise, every student should learn English.

Empowers Your Brain– Several studies confirm that learning a new language can give power to your brain. Problem-solving skills, creativity, enhanced brain activities are some of the benefits of learning English.

Enjoy Amazing Movies and Classical Literature- Most of the world-renowned novels, poems, and dramas are written in English. You never know what can interest you in learning about classical poets and novelists.

Many great movies were made in the English language which can influence and inspire you to change your way of life. Although there are many translated copies available, can there be anything better than experiencing the original movies?

Beneficial for Immigrants– When you are planning to move to a new place or new country, it is mandatory to speak the common language even if you cannot speak the native language. This will help you to communicate with the locals.

How Do I Improve My Fluency In English?

There are various ways to improve your English and speak more fluently. We have assembled some activities that will help you to do so.

  • Speak in English often.
  • Listen to English podcasts and Ted talks.
  • Listen to audiobooks and read them often.
  • Try practicing a book conversation and record to listen.
  • Use English as a language to communicate with your friends.
  • Try to frame sentences from single phrases and use them in your daily life.
  • Watch English movies with English subtitles to learn the language quickly.

What Time Does It Take to Become Fluent in English?

The period to learn a new language differs a lot between an adult and a child. For adults who are absolute beginners might take up to one year to learn English with minima um of five hours of study every day. However, if you already know the language it might take a few months to become fluent in the language.

How to Improve English Fluency at Home?

Since the pandemic has led to lockdowns, most of us are spending time indoors. Therefore, learning English at home is the only option. You can hire a teacher or a friend who is fluent in English to communicate with over your mobile phone or zoom.

You can frame new sentences with different words you select from the dictionary and use them in your conversation. You can also record your conversation to have a better understanding of what went wrong. Other than these, you can also record yourself and repeat the lines you read in books.

Are There Any Apps That Will Help to Speak English Fluently?

There are various apps available in the play store that helps to learn English fluently. Here are some of them-

  • Zoom– It is a perfect platform to communicate with your friends and other language exchange partners. You can easily practice by conversing in English and recording it for better learning.
  • PromptSmart– Reading from notecards and communicating can be confusing for students. Prompting app is one of the best apps for apple phones. Teleprompter in the application helps them to adjust the speed of speaking.
  • Speakerclock– As a student or a debater, it’s important to speak English fluently and on time. Either it is an event or classroom, students are often limited to a particular period. Speakerclock helps to keep track of time and increase your speed accordingly.
  • Ummo– Ummo helps to bring up the filler words of students by listening to their speech. Thus, helping them to prepare their speech without recording it. Filler words can affect even the best of speakers.
  • Bookwidgets– Bookwidgets is one of the popular English learning tools among students which lets you practice with more than fifty exercises like games and quizzes.

It is one of the best apps for students to improve their public speaking skills.


If you are looking for high academics and education in prestigious universities, then learning fluent English is a must. What are you waiting for? Start practicing today to kick-start your career.

How To Effectively Study Without Getting Distracted | Reasons Why Students Get Distracted While Studying

Focus on Studies without Getting Distracted

Distractions are Everywhere. Be it your phone, or your favorite series calling out to you, distractions are everywhere. We know it is straightforward to get distracted while studying. Distracted studies are terrible for you. They can lead to a poor understanding of the concepts you are learning, or sometimes not understanding anything at all!

Nod if you are a victim of this scenario: you follow a sentence with your eyes repeatedly while simultaneously thinking about something exciting. Until after half an hour, you realize you have just wasted limited time being distracted.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

You might think you have spent hours and hours studying, but in reality, it comes down to mere minutes. And it is not enough. Instead of wasting any time, sitting in front of your desk daydreaming, we are going to tell you how to study with your full concentration comprehensively.

First, let us talk about the reasons why people are so easily distracted while studying. Understanding your flaws will let you decide on the best way to solve the problem.

Reasons Why Students Get Distracted While Studying

1.Lack Of Interest

You might feel that you will complete all your work today and sit down to study with great enthusiasm. Then, gradually after ten minutes of concentrated studying, your mind begins to trail off to the wonderlands of Narnia.

Where did you go wrong? You had the intent, so what was off? Your interest. You might be more interested in what is going on in the 3rd season of such and such show, or who was talking about what.

2. Unclear Goals

You go to your room to study and think that you will complete as much syllabus as possible in one sitting. Sound familiar? Many of us do this, and this leads to trailing off into your thoughts. It is best not to take too much into your plate at once. It makes you overwhelmed, and you tend to get distracted easily.

3. Do not study in specifically designated areas.

Students think that they can study while their sibling is busy playing in the same room or studying in front of the television. Studying in unsuitable areas ruin your concentration, and make you submit to your distraction.

4. Fail to Strategically block out distractions

You know what your distractions are. You are cautious and aware of them. But you find yourself acting out on one.

5. Focus on getting long term goals instead of the task beforehand

You sit down to study and imagine yourself becoming a successful person in your field. You think about what your speech will be when you win the Nobel Prize. In the meantime, your exams are drawing nearer, and you are no further than you were when you began.

6. Have no tracking system

You look up the question answers for your syllabus and become indulgent in working out the questions. Suddenly you realize that you have been working out the answers you already know, and are avoiding the ones of which you are unsure. Hence, instead of moving forward, you are circling the portions you have already completed.

7. Relying on smartphones instead of traditional study materials

You believe that the current generation should ditch the traditional note-taking and practising, and can effectively substitute hours of studying with your book for a quick video on YouTube about the topic. You open the app with positive intent and end up watching hours and hours of cute dog videos.

To sum all the points, you get trapped in endless loops of mind wandering. According to scientists from the journal NeuroImage, most learners have no strategy to help them focus on the task.

Not only do people have multiple tabs open on their browsers to allow themselves to endlessly distracted by notifications on their phones, but they cannot enter into the ‘flow’ of studying.

Many simple tricks can effectively help you to focus on your studies. You can calm your thoughts with simple breathing techniques during studies to help you concentrate.

Avoiding Distraction

The distractions that keep you from studying maybe both internal or external. Internal distractions are bodily or physiological needs. External needs are things like technology, people, etc.

1.Keeping Distractions To A Minimum

Sometimes study time can overlap with other family activities. You might need to participate in other tasks while you wish to study. But, you can make sure that you concentrate by making sure the room is quiet. Play some classical music, and ensure you have proper, bright lighting.

2. Eat Something Beforehand

Sometimes you may feel hungry after getting into the flow of studying. Instead of getting out of your flow, eat something before sitting down to study. But make sure not to overeat, since overeating will make you sleepy.

  • Just like eating, make sure you have an empty bladder beforehand so that you don’t need to worry about it for at least an hour.

3. Put Your Phone On Do Not Disturb

For obvious reasons, students need to put their phone away, or at least put them on Do Not Disturb mode. Your phones have all the tempting applications possible. With games, social media, and a selfie camera, the possibilities of getting distracted are endless.

  • The easiest way to avoid your phone is to put is out of reach, in another room. Then, you can study with lesser temptation.

4. Installing Ad Blocker

Many students need to use the internet for studies. While using the computer, there are a variety of ads and notifications that may pop up, trying to grab your attention. Avoid these by installing the free chrome extension, the Ad Blocker.

5. Maintain A Distraction Sheet

Professionals believe in doing only one thing at a time. When they are writing, they only write. They do not stop to look for missing information. It is because if they do stop for a few minutes to look up any information, their focus is broken. They will destroy their flow. It is much more challenging to build momentum than to stay in momentum and continue.

  • Every time you stop to look at your phone, you are breaking your momentum. When you start to study again, you will waste several minutes just to go back to the flow.
  • If you are getting distracted continuously, maintain a distraction sheet. Write down all that is bothering you during a particular session.
  • After you finish your task at hand, look over at the distraction list and see what bothers you the most.
  • Since you know what distracts you, you can much easily avoid those the next time.

6. How To Focus On Studying

Believe it or not, there are hoards of reasons why people are distracted apart from the reasons above. Surrounded by the sea of distractions, let us discuss how not to drown in it.

7. Set Clear And Achievable Goals

You already know that getting too much on your plate can become a disaster. It never works. You get overwhelmed and boycott the task altogether. What you can do is that you can create goals you can achieve within a fixed time. Fanciful overreaching does not work, and it needs to change.

  • If you look at your studying pattern, you will notice that you are probably trying to mug up the entire page instead of focusing on the most relevant information.
  • Rule Of Redundancy is a fancy name which means that most of the words in the book have nothing to do with the core points. They are needed for context.
  • Hence, instead of trying to memorize everything, try to extract only the critical information from the book. If you try this technique out, you will notice how efficient you have become, and how quickly you are going through a chapter.

8. Make Learning Fun

Studying can be plain and boring. To make it fun to study, you can incorporate what you learn in real life. For example, you can find apps to input answers to questions from the subject you studied.

9. Create a Routine

You might often have trouble keeping all your notes and printouts organized. For such a situation, you can maintain a strict routine.

  • Make a list of what tasks you need to be complete for the week.
  • Make a routine where you write the due dates in your free time. Try to stick to it, and you can check off a task once completed. Trust us. It is gratifying.

10. Stay Organized

Another thing you can work on is organizing your study material. If you have different pieces of information scattered throughout the computer, it becomes difficult to go through them. Make it a point to store information according to the chapter, book, etc.

  • You can make a folder about the respective topic and store the information there.

11. Consistency

It is not difficult to create a routine. It is much more challenging to maintain it. Try not to deviate from it. You can ease yourself into the process by keeping easy tasks in the beginning and putting plenty of breaks. You can later modify it to as required. Either way, it is best not to put too much at once in the beginning but make sure to follow the routine strictly until it becomes second nature to you.

12. Work In A Space That Works For Everyone

When you are with your family, they can be a significant source of distraction. Whether it is by being distracted by children or your relatives, they cannot always appreciate your study time. Hence, find the perfect time when your family is least likely to disturb you. You could move to your room and study, or you can be more productive when you are near your mom and dad while they are busy working. Select the ideal environment to make the most out of your study time.

13. Use A Calendar

You can use a calendar and write down your routine in it. Suppose you have a deadline for a project coming, or have an upcoming exam. Mark it in the calendar. You will find it much easier to organize your materials and complete your work on time. This way, work won’t pile up, and you will not be overwhelmed by it.

  • Leaving homework, projects, etc., to the last minute, can mean disaster.
  • Use a calendar, and divide up your project into manageable pieces.
  • Mark them in the calendar and complete the assigned pieces on time.

14. Space Out After A Study Period

It is important to space your studies, and have time to zone out after studies. Experts say that if you let your mind wander after studying something, it is incredibly beneficial.

  • Your brain percolates the information at a neurochemical level when you are taking a break.
  • For example, if you go for a short walk after studying, your understanding of the matter becomes deeper.
  • Walking is not an intellectual activity. Hence your mind gets the chance to think better, while it is left to wander.

15. A Fixed Studying Place Or Places

Your brain is used to match the information you learn with your surroundings. For example, you might have heard about the Memory Palace technique. It is based on this very fact. If you use a fixed set of locations to study, your mind will have a change of scenery, while still being able to connect to space and the information.

  • Scientists have proven that having a few locations where you can study can help to improve memory.
  • You will find you can remember more by combining walking in between sessions to a new place of study. Try it.

16. Studying With Books Instead Of A Device

If possible, you can try and study mostly from real books instead of digital ones. There are plenty of reasons. Firstly, physical books do not vibrate or pop up with a notification. Secondly, you can use the pages of your books to remember small, useful information.

  • Your brain can also track the space of physical books, that is impossible with digital ones.
  • Space is an essential aspect of learning and memory.

17. Train Your Attention Span

Try out brain exercises. They help to train your brain to focus on a subject for a more extended period. Use techniques like the memory palace to connect random images from your life with something you just learnt. This exercise is excellent to increase your attention span while memorizing information.

  • Learning to play an instrument also trains your attention span, since you are required to practice it for a significant duration.

18. Try To Focus On Your Vision When You Feel Frustrated

When you feel demotivated, try to think of the bigger picture. Think about what you want to achieve. Understand that the only way to get it is by overcoming the present by studying. If you focus only on the short term goals, you will feel frustrated and empty.

  • Remind yourself of why you are doing it before beginning a session storm past the reason why you are studying.
  • You might be studying to become financially independent, or to go to your dream college, get your dream job, or make your parents proud.
  • Whatever the reason may be, take a few seconds to remind yourself of the ‘why’ and contrast it with the consequences that will be inevitable if you don’t study now.

19. Enjoy The Journey

In addition to being efficient, try and enjoy the process because ultimately that is what truly matters. To spice up your studies, you can try a rapid brainstorming session with a friend. Go through the study materials then sit together with them, or over the phone and see how many points you can remember.

  • Share points one by one, and allow things to become a little competitive.
  • The rush of remembering more than your partner will make you want to study better, and with more efficiency.

20. Pay For Coaching Classes

If you are just not motivated enough or don’t understand the matter, it is best to rely on the expert. With coaching classes, you will be motivated. You will need to pay some money. Hence, you will tend to get the sessions and have fantastic attendance. Even if it is a group session, it is practical too.

21. Participate In Study Groups

Study groups are when you meet up with your friends, over the phone or physically, and discuss the matter in your syllabus.

  • You can give your brain a hard workout session with these groups.
  • It also becomes easy to assess your position or expertise in the subject, if you discuss them.

22. Split Up The Work Into Sections

It is not easy for students to stay focused on their big assignments or homework. Just the thought of finishing a fifty-page assignment makes them want to cry. Hence, never let your work pile up. Dividing the work created these finish lines, which are a fantastic motivation. If you divide the fifty pages to ten pages per day, you can finish it much quicker. Think about how you can section your work calmly. Try not to freak out. You have got this.

23. Track Your Progress

Sometimes, the biggest motivation is how far you have come. When you find your tasks unmanageable and frustrating, try to look back into how much work you have already finished. You might have to study the remaining one hundred pages, but look at the nine hundred pages you have already gone through! Tell yourself that it is not worth quitting after coming this far.

  • Tracking your progress becomes more manageable and fun if you translate all of your reading obligations onto a physical calendar.
  • Include the titles of all the book and articles in it. You can print out your syllabi and paste them into different notebooks for each course.
  • Make a fun scrapbook with colours.
  • Schedule your reading and check off or cross out all the sections you have completed. You can use different colours for different levels of achievement too!

24. Reward Yourself

When you complete the section of work assigned for the day, give yourself small rewards. Do something that you like. Go out for a brisk walk, listen to music, play with your dog, and eat snacks, whatever keeps you going.

  • You can also arrange a movie night. If you are rewarding yourself after hard work, it trains your brain.
  • Studying becomes a part of a positive feedback chain with gradual practice. Reward yourself small for reaching small finish lines (for example, have a bar of chocolate), and give yourself something indulgent for a significant achievement.
  • With time, you will look forward to studying to reach the next reward.

25. Use A Simple White Notebook

Never underestimate the power of a white notebook. Get a nice pen and a notebook. Make it your forever companion.

  • Whenever you are studying, make it a point to take down points, if you are learning via a YouTube video, pause and take down what seems essential.
  • Not only for studying, but writing is also a great habit.
  • Some might even dare say that writing is better than reading. But not everything works for everyone.
  • So try out writing down little points now and then, make flowcharts, use colours, and make it fun. It might just work out for you!

26. Do Not Multitask

You may think that your mind can handle some studying with some texting and social media surfing. Well, it is difficult for your mind to concentrate on one thing when it keeps getting interrupted with another. Hence, try to focus on one thing: studying.

  • Keep your phone at bay.
  • If you are using your laptop to study, avoid the temptation of keeping multiple tabs open- one of the study material and the other of social media.
  • You will have a lot less digital clutter with only the bare minimum tabs open.
  • Furthermore, when there are multiple sources of information, your mind is not able to efficiently filter out what is relevant to you.
  • Hence, you will inevitably be slowed down with digital clutter.
  • Keep your life clutter-free.

27. Take Care Of Your Body

You cannot focus on studying if you are unwell.

  • Make it a point to go out of your house at least once each day.
  • You can do some exercising every day to keep your mind fit.
  • Believe it or not, your mind is much more likely to absorb new information if you do some physical activity.
  • An idle body makes your mind sluggish and unwilling to take up new information.
  • Eat healthy before you sit down to study.
  • You can take cheat days now and then, but make sure everything is in moderation.

28. Sleep

Sleep is a vital factor in every aspect of your life. If you have a good night’s sleep, and your mind is well-rested, you will feel much more active. On the other hand, a restless night of sleep will hamper your studies since you will be too tired to process any new matter.

  • Sometimes students are too stressed out about their exams to fall asleep.
  • It is terrible for you. You can avoid tossing and turning all night if you engage in some physical activities during the day.
  • You can also opt for small naps in between the day to keep you energized.

29. Meditate

All know the benefits of meditation. Cannot concentrate on your studies? Try out a short five minutes meditation session before sitting down.

  • Sit down in a comfortable position, close your eyes, and follow your breath.
  • If you are new to this, you can try out a guided meditation session.
  • You can find plenty of options from YouTube. You can select the most manageable level to begin.


We have already shared a ton of information above. But there is an easy way to ease your way: Pick out any one of the above tips then put it to action. Then incorporate another one. Very soon, you will have a nice pile of habits to create a wonderful sense of really getting involved with your studies.

Surely there are going to be times when you have to make changes. Something may come up. But the more you use these tips to help you study, the better and more comfortable you will find to get back on course.

Studying is a part of your life. There is no means by which you can avoid it. So why not do it the easy and fun way instead of the frustrating and challenging way?

  • If you get lost in daydreaming during studies, become aware of them. Acknowledge them for what they are: fleeting thoughts, and they go. You can also put them down on the distraction sheet, as we mentioned earlier. You can deal with them later.
  • If you are severely upset over something or you are going through something, you might want to visit a professional. Keeping your mental health in its optimum condition is crucial for a healthy life.
  • Worry and anxiety will not help you reach your goal. The challenge is with training your mind to block out the problems.
  • Do the difficult tasks earlier in the day. Don’t leave the demanding tasks like learning for the end of the day. That is the time when you have the least energy mentally and physically. Just get the difficult tasks over with, in the beginning, and you will notice that you are not stressed about completing your task in time. No stress means better learning. It is a whole new positive cycle.

It is not humanly possible and necessary to give up the worldly pleasures of watching YouTube, or online series. Make it a point to do what you like after you have finished an assigned session of studies and work. Create a schedule for when you can watch videos and entertain yourself. Avoid the temptation to do so in the middle of tasks.

  • Take a break now and then not to overwork yourself. Take short ten-minute breaks where you can go freshen up, and hoard some positive energy for the next session.
  • Stick to the routine you have created. You know yourself best. Create one that works for you.

Remember to have fun with your studies. Learning can be tedious, but it is what is best for you. Remember, successful people are not unique; they work hard enough to succeed.

How To Write Leave Application: Let Us Have a Look At Some Excellent Ideas

Leave Application

When you are a working person, you need to understand the importance of writing a leave application. Uncertainties can occur anytime, and you must know how to write a leave application to ask for one formally.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

What is a Leave Application? Leave Application Format & Samples

There are different ways in which you can write a leave application.

  • Email format
  • Letter format

Let us get to know the best ways of writing a leave application in this article:

A leave application is a formal request in a written format that can help you in applying for an absence from work. It is a formal letter that is written to the seniors for informing them about your absenteeism.

A holiday application is a standardised or official way to arrange a break at a given time. There are many ways to write an application, school students use a particular format, university students use a new format, and bureaucrats use a different format.

Your application should state the reason why you are writing a leave request. Furthermore, the authority or the company or the agency must consider your submission. There is a high risk of refusal if the reason for which you write does not appear right or false. The justification should be good and true, so it will not be refused. There must be certain personal explanations primarily, such as cancer, urgent jobs, sick parents’ visit, marriage or an emergency, etc.

What are the Different Types of Leave Applications?

There are many different types of leave applications that are written for various purposes. They can range from leave applications for being sick to go on a wedding or vacation.

  • Application for being sick
  • Hospital visit
  • Marriage holiday
  • Leave of motherhood/parenthood
  • Let us have an immediate mission
  • Exit the courtroom
  • funeral vacation
  • Exit because of the poor weather
  • Vacation leave

What is the Importance of Writing a Leave Application?

In all leave applications, a few components are necessary. The language of the application, for example, should be courteous and the substance formal. This involves having the right words. Furthermore, mistakes and punctuation errors do not exist. Finally, there are some details to be used with a leave request:

  • Why take a break
  • Relevant leave times
  • Details regarding the touch
  • Documents endorsed

Things That Are Needed In A Leave Application

Now that a lot is cleared with you, let us move forward and understand the important things you must include in your leave application.

  • Name and address of the receiver: you must ensure that your leave application reaches the right person. It is important to add the name and address of the person to whom it concerns.
  • Subject: to make it clear for the reader, there has to be a subject line that clears what is the application is about.
  • Salutation: another thing that must be there in your application is the salutation to give it a formal feel.
  • Body: always keep in mind that the body of the application must be clear and short. You do not have to write stories, just a clear message, and your work is done.
  • Thank you note: you must always make the reader feel obliged and thankful as he is providing you leaves.
  • Complimentary closing: be formal and finish it in a single sentence.

Things To Consider Before You Write A Leave Application

Let us understand the points that one has to keep in mind before you start writing a leave application.

Let your senior understand the issues you face

This is one of the things you can do if there is an emergency and do not have time to write an application. The approval might take time, but emergencies cannot wait; hence it is considered one of the best ways to talk to your senior and explain why you need to leave.

Sometimes it might also happen that you get stuck somewhere and forget to inform him; a sudden leave application might create misunderstandings. You might hurt his ego, and he might consider you as a careless person forever. Hence communication is the best way to clear things and ask for leave.

Be work focussed and not let your profession get hampered.

Keep in mind that you will need to assure your boss that no work will be affected when you are planning for a long leave. Also, assure him that you will be available to work from your location if needed.

One of the things is that you must complete your work well before time so that if there is a deadline, your team will not face the rude behaviour of your boss. Be responsible and plan out things accordingly. Not only will this make your boss impressed, but it will also prove beneficial for you in the long run.

One of the best exercises is to run all the odd situations in your mind and be prepared in advance.

Quick Tips For Writing A Leave Application

Let us discuss some of the quick tips that can help you with writing the best leave application.

  • Be polite and come straight to the point.
  • Mention the purpose in a precise manner
  • Do not lose your grip on the depth of the article.
  • Keep it brief and do not tell stories in your application.
  • Cross-check on the grammatical mistakes

Samples For Writing A Good Leave Application

Now that you have understood the format and ways of writing a good leave application let us look at some of the samples that can help you understand it in detail.

Sample number 1: An annual leave application

Subject: leave application for annual leave


This is to inform you that I have loads of leaves pending in my leave quota. My sister is getting married in December, and I am looking forward to visiting my place in advance and participating in the ceremonies. Thus I would like to apply my leaves for 15 days.

I have completed my deadlines and have also explained to the team about their duties. I will be available if you need anything on call. I will be completing all the pending tasks before I leave for vacation.

Please consider my request and approve my leaves.



Sample 2: leave application for maternity leaves

Subject: leave application for maternity


I am XYZ, holding the position of content writer in your organisation. As I have entered my third trimester and my delivery dates are approaching near, I would like to avail myself of the maternity leaves. My due date is …… I would like to be on leave from () to ().

My work has been completed, and the one that is pending will be completed before I go on leaves. I am also attaching my medical certificate to make sure that nothing is left to prove the factual information. In case you need me for some work, I will be available by mail and call.

Please approve my request.



Sample 3: casual leave application

Subject: casual leave application


I am writing this leave application as my son is not well, and I want to take leave for five days. He is suffering from a fever, and I have to be by his side for medicines and other stuff. I understand the importance of upcoming deadlines, and hence my work is up to date.

I will be available on calls and emails. Also, if there is anything urgent, I can work from home very well and complete that on time. I want to avail leaves from () to ().

Kindly approve my leave request. In my absence, ABC will be in charge of all the work and handle it efficiently.



Sample 4: Sick leave application

Subject: application for sick leave


This is to get to your notice that I am suffering from a high fever and back pain. The pain is critical and is making it impossible for me to travel and sit for long hours. My doctor has advised an X-ray along with proper bed rest for some days. I want to apply for sick leave for one week from () to ().

I am attaching all the important documents along with my medical prescription and the different test reports as well. I wish you to grant me a leave for one week to take proper rest and get back to work in a proper manner.

I will be available on my mail and get in touch with me on my phone number as well. Please grant me leave for the same.



Sample 5: Emergency leave application 

Subject: application for an emergency


I am ABC, a content writer in your organisation. It is with remorse that I have to apply for an emergency leave beginning today. Since the leave’s essence is that they are unforeseeable, I feel sorry that more than one day of notice cannot be given to you.

A few hours ago, my sister had an accident, and she was admitted to an emergency room. I’m supposed to be in the hospital with my parents in Delhi. I plan to take care of most of my immediate problem within a week and intend to return to the office on Wednesday, i.e. (date of your joining).

Please contact me at my email address and my telephone number in case of any emergencies and questions about work ( contact number). As she is aware of the project and activities related to it, you can also contact (colleague name) for any work-related discussions.



Sample 6: leave application for a vacation

Subject: leave application for going on vacation


This is to inform you that I am planning to go on vacation with my family. This is a planned trip, and I will need 15 days to leave for the same. I have a leave balance of around 25 days in my kitty. I want to apply for a leave of 15 days with prior notice of 10 days.

I have completed my projects and deadlines. Also, I have explained the remaining things to my team. In my absence, XYZ will be handling all the things I can be reached easily on my phone number.

Please grant me leave. Hope for a positive response



Sample 7: leave application for examination

Subject: application of leave for exams


Sir, my name is ABC, and I am working in your organisation as a content head. I would like to inform you that my exams are commencing from next week. I would not be able to attend the office for around ten days.

I have completed my work, and there is nothing pending from my end. Also, in my absence, XYZ will be the incharge of handling the things. I will be available on the call and mail if any emergency arises.

Please grant me the leaves for the same.




This was a quick guide to help you understand how to write leave applications. Hope, you must have understood the concept. Go ahead and apply for the leaves without any hassles with a perfectly written leave appl

260 Tongue Twisters and Rules to Perfect Your English Pronunciation

Tongue Twisters

A tongue-twister is a phrase or sequence of words that are difficult to pronounce quickly and properly. Words are arranged generally in an alliterative manner. Tongue-twisters are exercises to improve fluency and pronunciation and can also be considered as a fun word game.

For English learners or even beginners, tongue-twisters are a way to work on more than one sound of words at a time to get the correct pronunciation. In school, children are also made to practice these tongue-twisters to develop their English-speaking skills by stretching their facial muscles.

Gather Information Regarding Basic English Skills and become proficient in the language and speak fluently with confidence. Try the Tips over here and Improve your English Writing and Speaking Skills.

260 Tongue Twisters to Improve Your English Pronunciation

Some Tongue-twisters are made for fun and amusement, whereas professional speakers such as actors, politicians, and television or radio hosts use them as articulation examples.

Tongue-twisters comprise an orderly sequence of similar-sounding words that are to be pronounced rapidly and repetitively. These words, though they sound similar, have different syllables. Difficult tongue-twisters have unusual word composition and require great concentration.

Tongue-twisters help to strengthen and stretch the muscles used for speaking and have been proven to clarify pronunciations. These particularly emphasize the words that one finds difficult to pronounce and also improve their fluency.

For the first time, tongue-twisters are said slowly, and then these are said at a rapid speed but gradually. After pronouncing a tongue-twister once, one must always practice it two or more times in a row to get fluency.

Common Rules To Speak Tongue-Twisters

  1. Saying the tongue-twisters slowly makes even the most difficult tongue-twister smooth without even fumbling on the words. One must try to say these faster. The faster you speak or try to, the better you will get.
  2. You can repeat short tongue-twisters two or more times whereas, if the tongue-twister is a long one, saying it once is just enough.

Examples Of Tongue-Twisters

3 Here is a list of easy and difficult tongue-twisters that can be practiced regularly to improve pronunciation and fluency.

  1. She sells seashells on the seashore.
    The shells she sells are seashells, I’m sure.
    And if she sells seashells on the seashore,
    Then I’m sure she sells seashore shells.
  2. The fickle finger of fate flips fat frogs flat.
  3. Six small slick seals.
  4. Ape cakes, grape cakes.
  5. Kookie cookies.
  6. Real rear wheels.
  7. Kinky kite kits.
  8. Poor pure Pierre.
  9. Twenty tender tree stumps.
  10. Avery’s army’s armoury.
  11. There goes one tough top cop.
  12. Peggy Babcock’s mummy.
  13. Bill built a big brick building.
  14. Three free through trains.
  15. Ava ate eighty eggs.
  16. Keenly cleaning copper kettles.
  17. Goats and ghosts.
  18. Nineteen nice knights.
  19. A knapsack strap.
  20. Sixty-six sticky skeletons.
  21. Hiccup teacup.
  22. Big B-52 bombers.
  23. Red blood, green blood.
  24. Cheap sheep soup.
  25. Literally literary.
  26. Chip’s ship sank.
  27. Red bug’s blood, bed bug’s blood
  28. Black bug’s blood.
  29. Alice asks for axes.
  30. Swatch watch.
  31. Bland Bea blinks back.
  32. Thelma sings the theme song.
  33. Carl called Claude.
  34. A batter, a banana, and a bandana.
  35. Elegant elephants.
  36. Curt carved curves.
  37. Eleven little leather loafers.
  38. Flawless porcelain flasks.
  39. Ex-disk jockey.
  40. A fine field of wheat.
  41. Free kiwis.
  42. Fifteen filthy flying foxes.
  43. Five fat French fleas freeze.
  44. Sad skunk.
  45. Friendly fleas and fireflies.
  46. Four fliers’ flip-flop.
  47. Fresh figs.
  48. The flurry fly flitted from flower to flower.
  49. Hurry, Harry!
  50. Free flag.
  51. Good blood, bad blood.
  52. Fine fresh fodder
  53. Pre-shrunk silk skirts.
  54. Four frightening flashes.
  55. Greek grapes.
  56. Knee deep, deep knee.
  57. Has Hal’s heel healed?
  58. This disk sticks.
  59. A gentle judge judges justly.
  60. Much mashed mushrooms.
  61. Luminous aluminium.
  62. Melton made a metal motor.
  63. Lily little lit a little lamp.
  64. Soft, smooth snake skin.
  65. The tailor’s tactics took twice the time.
  66. Which witch is which?
  67. The plum pickers plucked the plump plums.
  68. Pick a purple pocket.
  69. Plain bun, plum bun.
  70. Ted sent Stan ten tents.
  71. Rough rural roads.
  72. Thin sticks, thick bricks.
  73. Pale pink plumage.
  74. Sixteen slim, silky slippers.
  75. Slick silk.
  76. Six crisp snacks.
  77. Short swords.
  78. Scams, stings, and skulduggery.
  79. Strange strategic statistics.
  80. Thirteen drummers thumping drums.
  81. Sharp sharkskin shoes.
  82. Three thick things.
  83. Two ticket takers took a taxi.
  84. Truly rural.
  85. She sees cheese.
  86. Twelve tiny thread tweezers.
  87. Unsung songs.
  88. The short soldier shoots straight.
  89. Flash message.
  90. Real wristwatch straps.
  91. Valuable valley villas.
  92. White wings, round rings.
  93. Four frightening flashes.
  94. War-weary warriors.
  95. The glum groom grew glummer.
  96. Yellow leather, red feather.
  97. Eighteen apes ate eighteen apricots.
  98. Disgruntled dishwashers don’t wash dishes.
  99. Deer’s ears hear clear cheers.
  100. Stupid superstition.
  101. Wire rimmed wheels.
  102. Steven Stanley sees seven stars.
  103. Weary railroad workers.
  104. Red lorry, yellow lorry.
  105. King Kong plays Ping-Pong.
  106. Frank flunked French.
  107. Once really wet red whale.
  108. No one knows Wayne.
  109. Four furious friends fought for the phone.
  110. Prates private property.
  111. Eight apes ate Nate’s tape.
  112. Dave’s dogs dig deep ditches.
  113. Do thick tinkers think?
  114. Black background, brown background.
  115. Five fat French fleas freeze.
  116. The flood flooded Frank’s floor.
  117. Kirk’s starched shirts.
  118. Bob bought a bleached blue-beaded blazer.
  119. When the computer crashed, the class gasped.
  120. Sharpshooters should shoot slowly.
  121. Jim jogs in gym. Jane jogs in jungle.
  122. Nine nimble noblemen nibbled nuts.
  123. Bridget builds bigger bridges than Barbara, but bridges Barbara builds are better than bridges Bridger builds.
  124. She shrieks as she stitches sheets.
  125. No shark shares swordfish steak.
  126. Sloppy skiers slide on slick ski slopes
  127. Surely the sun shall shine soon.
  128. I like New York, unique New York, I like unique New York
  129. Exercise instructors instruct struggling exercisers to exercise strongly.
  130. She saw Sheriff’s shoes on the sofa. But was she so sure she saw Sheriff’s shoes on the sofa?
  131. Sharon sewed six shiny suits.
  132. A slimy snake slithered down the sandy Sahara.
  133. If he slipped, should she slip?
  134. The throne was frozen. It was a frozen throne.
  135. The soldier’s shoulder surely hurts.
  136. It is so chilly; the silly child should soon shut the shutters.
  137. Swan swam over the sea. Swim, swan, swim! Swan swam back again. Well swum swan!
  138. Shoes and socks shock Susan.
  139. A big black bat flew past. A big brown bat flew past. Did the big black bat fly past faster than the big brown bat flew past?
  140. If I assist a sister-assistant, will the sister’s sister-assistant assist me?
  141. The sun shines on the shop signs.
  142. Some shun summer sunshine.
  143. Six insects. Six sick insects.
  144. Shallow sailing ships should shun shallow shoals.
  145. If you notice this notice, you will notice that this notice is not worth noticing.
  146. Does someone know a synonym for cinnamon? Someone once said that cinnamon has no synonym
  147. The king would sing, about a ring that would go ding.
  148. If you notice this notice, you will notice that this notice is not worth noticing.
  149. Rival river runners rode the wild river.
  150. High roller. Low roller. Lower a roller.
  151. Debbie didn’t destroy Darrell’s dishes. Darrell destroyed Debbie’s dishes.
  152. Ted threw Fred thirty-three free throws.
  153. Something stinks and I think what stinks are the things in the sink.
  154. Fancy Nancy didn’t fancy doing fancy work. But Fancy Nancy’s fancy auntie did fancy Nancy doing fancy work. So Fancy Nancy did fancy work for Fancy Nancy’s fancy auntie.
  155. Six sick shorn sheep.
  156. The fuzzy bee buzzed the buzzy busy beehive.
  157. Can you can a can as a canner can a can?
  158. Suzie’s sister saw some scissors Suzie set on her sofa.
  159. The rhino wore a white ribbon.
  160. A proper cup of coffee from a proper copper coffee pot.
  161. Ray’s runway runs one way.
  162. Nancy naps at noon and Nick knows it’s not nice to knock when Nancy’s napping.
  163. Quakes cause cracks.
  164. Sally sells soil samples at the soil store. Sometimes there are seashells in the soil samples Sally sells.
  165. Stacks of salty snacks make Sam slurp and smack.
  166. Betty bought a bit of butter. But the butter Betty bought was bitter. So, Betty bought a better butter, and it was better than the butter Betty bought before.
  167. Under the mother otter, uttered the other otter.
  168. Knit this net with neat knots. Knots that are not neat are not the knots this net needs.
  169. The vicious visitors visited the virtual village.
  170. Please prune plum trees promptly.
  171. Which wristwatches are Swiss wristwatches?
  172. Edgar at eight ate eight eggs a day.
  173. A big black bear sat on a big black rug.
  174. Should she shut summer shutters slowly or should she shut summer shutters swiftly?
  175. Spinks thinks the sphinx stinks.
  176. Shameless shepherds shampoo shy sheep.
  177. Flat flying fish fly faster than flat, flying fleas.
  178. She sells Swiss sweets.
  179. Penny penned a pretty poem.
  180. The shepherd swiftly sheared the sleepy sheep with the sharp scissors.
  181. He threw three free throws
  182. Four fine fresh fish for you.
  183. Stan stopped stealing Sam’s stamps.
  184. The captain’s cook was a crook because he took the clock locked in the captain’s kitchen cupboard.
  185. Charles chose the chief cheap sheep section.
  186. Billy Wood said he would carry the wood through the woods. And if Wood said he would, Wood would.
  187. Pretty poor peace prospects.
  188. Angels hang ancient anchors at angles that anger ogres.
  189. New cheese, blue cheese, chew cheese please.
  190. I saw a kitten eating chicken in the kitchen.
  191. The boy blinked at the blank bank blackboard.
  192. Tie a knot, tie a knot. Tie a tight, tight knot. Tie a knot in the shape of a nought.
  193. Six snakes sniffed six sticks. The snakes sniffed so softly that their sniffing seemed silent. Soon their soft sniffing stopped. Then the six snakes that sniffed the six sticks simply slithered away.
  194. Does this shop stock shot silk shorts?
  195. An undertaker undertook to undertake an undertaking. The undertaking that the undertaker undertook was the hardest undertaking the undertaker ever undertook to undertake.
  196. Sarah slurped soda through straight, striped soda straws.
  197. Old Howell owned a house on which old owls howled.
  198. The sad soldier should shoot soon.
  199. The minx mixed a medicine mixture.
  200. If a dog chews shoes, whose shoes does he choose?
  201. Remove the raw rice. Once the raw rice is removed, roast the white rice.
  202. How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?
  203. Drew Dodd’s dad’s dog’s dead.
  204. Give papa a cup of proper coffee in a copper coffee cup.
  205. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. How many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
  206. To begin to toboggan first buy a toboggan, but don’t buy too big a toboggan. Too big a toboggan is too big a toboggan to buy to begin to toboggan.
  207. Seventy-seven benevolent elephants.
  208. A pessimistic pest exists amidst us.
  209. The chic Sikh’s sixty-sixth sheep is sick
  210. A loyal warrior will rarely worry why we rule.
  211. Frivolously fanciful Fannie fried fresh fish furiously
  212. Fuzzy Wuzzy was a bear. Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair. Fuzzy Wuzzy wasn’t fuzzy, was he?
  213. Of all the videos I’ve ever viewed, I’ve never viewed a video as valued as Alex’s video.
  214. Ed has edited it.
  215. Two tried and true tridents.
  216. She sees cheese.
  217. I slit the sheet, the sheet I slit, and on the slitted sheet I sit.
  218. Fred fed Ted bread, and Ted fed Fred bread.
  219. A skunk sat on a stump and thunk the stump stunk, but the stump thunk the skunk stunk.
  220. Lesser leather never weathered wetter weather better.
  221. Snap crackle pop.
  222. Wayne went to wales to watch walruses.
  223. So, this is the sushi chef.
  224. I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream.
  225. Susie works in a shoeshine shop. Where she shines, she sits, and where she sits, she shines
  226. I have got a date at a quarter to eight; I’ll see you at the gate, so don’t be late.
  227. If a dog chews shoes, whose shoes does he choose?
  228. I wish to wash my Irish wristwatch.
  229. Near an ear, a nearer ear, a nearly eerie ear.
  230. Willie’s really weary
  231. Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks.
  232. Nine nice night nurses nursing nicely
  233. Rolling red wagons.
  234. Black back bat.
  235. Pad kid poured curd pulled cod.
  236. A happy hippo hopped and hiccupped.
  237. Six sleek swans swam swiftly southwards.
  238. Twelve twins twirled twelve twigs.
  239. Scissors sizzle, thistles sizzle.
  240. Really leery, rarely Larry.
  241. Six Czech cricket critics.
  242. Betty’s big bunny bobbled by the blueberry bush.
  243. The big bug bit the little beetle.
  244. Birdie birdie in the sky laid a turdie in my eye.
    If cows could fly, I’d have a cow pie in my eye.
  245. Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
    Spread it thick, say it quick!
    Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
    Spread it thicker, say it quicker!
    Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
    Don’t eat with your mouth full!
  246. How much ground would a groundhog hog, if a groundhog could hog ground? A groundhog would hog all the ground he could hog, if a groundhog could hog ground.
  247. “Surely Sylvia swims!” shrieked Sammy surprised. “Someone should show Sylvia some strokes so she shall not sink.”
  248. Rory’s lawn rake rarely rakes really right.
  249. I thought a thought.
    But the thought I thought
    Wasn’t the thought I thought I thought.
    If the thought I thought I thought,
    Had been the thought I thought,
    I wouldn’t have thought I thought.
  250. Send toast to ten tense stout saints’ ten tall tents.
  251. Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager managing an imaginary menagerie.
  252. Brisk brave brigadiers brandished broad bright blades, blunderbusses, and bludgeons — balancing them badly.
  253. If you must cross a course cross cow across a crowded cow crossing, cross the cross coarse cow across the crowded cow crossing carefully.
  254. Something in a thirty-acre thermal thicket of thorns and thistles thumped and thundered threatening the three-D thoughts of Matthew the thug – although, theatrically, it was only the thirteen-thousand thistles and thorns through the underneath of his thigh that the thirty-year-old thug thought of that morning.
  255. The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.
  256. Selfish shellfish.
  257. Green glass globes glow greenly.
  258. Specific Pacific.
  259. Mary Mac’s mother’s making Mary Mac marry me. My mother’s making me marry Mary Mac. Will I always be so Merry when Mary’s taking care of me? Will I always be so merry when I marry Mary Mac?
  260. Luke Luck likes lakes. Luke’s duck likes lakes. Luke Luck licks lakes. Luck’s duck licks lakes. Duck takes licks in lakes Luke Luck likes. Luke Luck takes licks in lakes duck likes.


Tongue-twisters are fun even though they are apparently difficult. These are challenging. These are greatly beneficial substantially that is obtained through extensive and regular practice. This also includes improving speech clarity and diction. The alliterative manner of the orderly sequence of words along with the strange assonance are fun and enjoyable.