Careers in Unani Medicine: Unani Medicine, also known by the name “Unani- tibb”, is a form of traditional medicine, which follows the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates, and Roman physician Galen. Based on the concept of four humours: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile and Black bile (Sauda), Unani Medicine reached India during 12-13 century.
Hakim Ajmal Khan, Hakim Abdul Hameed, Hakim Mohammed Said and Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman were some of the eminent personalities who worked for the promotion of Unani medicine in Indian subcontinent. It is practiced in India and Indian subcontinent.
Careers in Unani Medicine
In India, the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), Jawahar Lai Nehru Bhartiya Chikitsa Avam Homoeopathy Anusandhan Bhawan,, 6165 Institutional Area, Opp. ‘D’ Block, Janakpuri, New Delhi 110058 (PhOll-28525156, Mob :09176677750,Email: [email protected], www.ccimindia.org), a statutory body established in 1971 under Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Government of India, monitors higher education in areas of Indian medicine including, Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. To fight biopiracy and unethical patents, the Government of India, in 2001, set up the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library as repository of formulations of various systems of Indian medicine.
Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) established in 1979, also under AYUSH, aids and co-ordinates scientific research in Unani System of Medicine through a network of 22 nationwide research Institutes and Units, including two Central Research Institutes of Unani Medicine, at Hyderabad and Lucknow, eight Regional Research Institutes at Chennai,
Bhadrak, Patna, Aligarh, Mumbai, Srinagar, Kolkata and New Delhi, six Clinical Research Units at Allahabad, Bangalore, Karimganj, Meerut, Bhopal and Burhanpur, four Drug Standardisation Research Units at New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai and Lucknow, a Chemical Research Unit at Aligarh, a Literary Research Institute at New Delhi.
The main objective of Central Council of Indian Medicine is to produce competent Unani Physicians who can handle all sorts of cases medical as well as surgical based on their extensive knowledge about the fundamental theories and the basic principals of the Unani Systems of Medicine with modern advances where necessary to make Unani graduates competent to serve in the medical and health services of the country.
Careers in Unani Medicine – Nature of work
The unani Physician is called Hakim. He/she diagnoses a disease by feeling the and rhythmic expansion of arteries by fingers, temperament of the patient, different complaints, signs and symptoms of the body.
Disease is cured by therapies such as Ilajbil Tadbeer (Regimenal Therapy), Ilajbil Ghiza (Dietotherapy), Ilajbil Dava (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilajbil Yad (Surgery). All the drugs used in compound formulations are made of Herbal, Mineral & Animal origin. These drugs are prepared according to the specific process and methods and hence are safe as well as non-toxic. There are no known side effects of this form of treatment. The medicines administered are according to the temperament of the patient and accelerate the process of recovery. The process also eliminates the risk of drug reaction.
Careers in Unani Medicine – How to enter?
A candidate seeking admission to main Kamil-e- Tib-o-Jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) Course must have passed Senior Secondary (12th Standard) / Intermediate examination with Science (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) or its equivalent examination. OR Has passed the Pretib examination of a one-year duration. Age: 17 years on 1st October in the year of admission for admission to main Kamil-e-Tib-0-Jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) Course. Duration: 5Vi-year (including internship of one year). One who wants to go for 1- year Pre-tib Course are required to pass the Intermediate Examination. Pre-tib Course is a full-time course of one-year duration leading to main 4V4 years Unani degree Course and one-year compulsory rotatory internship. Age: 16 years on 1st October in the year of admission for admission to Pre-tib Course of one-year duration.
Note – For Kamil-e-Tib-o-Jarahat Main Course (Urdu Medium) the candidate should have also passed the qualifying examination with Urdu either MIL examination with Urdu.
Post graduate course in Unani Medicine is offered in specialisations such as Moalajat, Ilmul Advia, Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib, Ilmul Qabalat wa Amraze Niswan, Ilmul Saidla. It is of 3 years duration.
Careers in Unani Medicine – Employment opportunities:
Job opportunities exist in Central Government or State Government dispensaries, Unani hospitals, health centers, private nursing homes, Unani pharmacies, research centers or one can join teaching department at any Unani institute or practice Unani medicine as Unani physician or consultant.
Careers in Unani Medicine – Remuneration
Remuneration in Unani medicine largely depends upon the standard of the organizations and the personal experience in the field. Generally, in Unani medicine, one can earn anywhere between Rs 3,00,000 and 4,00,000 per annum.
Careers in Unani Medicine – Education
Some of the Prominent institutes offering courses in Unani are:
- National Institute of Unani Medicine, Banglore
- The Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, Karol bagh
- New Delhi (Delhi University)
- Government Unani Medical College Arumbakkam
- Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi
- Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College, Aligarh
- NTR University of Health Sciences, Vijayawada
- Govt. Nizamia Tibbi College, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
- Dr. Abdul Haq Unani Medical College & Hospital
- Andhra Pradesh, Govt. Tibbi College, Patna, Bihar
- Unani Medical College, Institute of Asian Medical Sciences
- Srinagar, Tipu Sultan Shaheed Educational Trust Unani Medical College
- Saifia Hamidia Unani Tibbia College & Hospital, Madhya Pradesh
- The Calcutta Unani Medical College & Hospital and other college imparting Unani courses are in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.
For details of Institutes in Unani log on to www.ccimindia.org.