Soil Pollution Essay | Essay on Soil Pollution for Students and Children in English

Soil Pollution Essay: Soil is the topmost layer of the earth’s surface which sustains life on the planet. Without oil, there would be no life on earth as we know it because the soil has the essential ingredients that living things need in order to grow and survive. Soil is usually made up of two components, organic materials, and inorganic matter. Organic matter is formed over millions of years by the decaying of dead plants and animals. Inorganic matter is formed due to weathering of rock particles into finer materials.

In this soil pollution essay, we are going to discuss all the usages of soil and how soil is getting polluted day by day.

Long and Short Essays on Soil Pollution for Students and Kids in English

In this article, we have provided a 600-word essay on soil pollution and a 200-word soil pollution essay for children and students to make use of it in their tests, exams, assignments, projects, and essay writing competitions.

Essay on Soil Pollution

Long Essay on Soil Pollution 600 Words in English

Find below 600-word soil pollution essay in English for kids and students of Classes 7,8,9 and 10.

Soil is that natural resource in our ecosystem that can be compared to oxygen because the soil is as important as oxygen for the survival of living beings on the planet. Soil is the top layer on which plants and trees grow to provide food to animals, animals, in turn, live on the soil their entire lives. Human beings cultivate the soil to produce food. The whole cycle of the food chain is standing stable and healthy because of the soils. The importance of soil is many, some of which are mentioned below.

Importance of Soil

  • They provide food for human beings. Agriculture has been in existence ever since the evolution of mankind. And good nutrient-filled soil is necessary to produce grains, vegetables, and fruits. Farmers till and cultivate rich soil filled land to fill the hunger of our growing population
  • Soil and the ingredients in it have many medicinal values. Soil contains ingredients that are antibiotic in nature. Both these organic and inorganic ingredients are capable of killing many types of bacteria which is why soils are used for medicinal purposes. The ingredients of soil are used in cancer curing drugs, skin ailments and to cure tuberculosis
  • The nutrients of soil are fantastic ingredients for beauty products. Kinds of toothpaste, facial masks, foundations, and blushes are some of the beauty products in the beauty industry that uses soil for its manufacturing.
  • Soil cover is necessary to retain forests. The afforestation drives conducted by various governmental and non-governmental entities take up the prevention of soil erosion as the first step in curbing deforestation.

As seen above in this particular soil pollution essay, the importance and usages of soil are in itself a detrimental factor for the cause of pollution. Man has been overexploiting soil and uses it for his own benefits backed by greed and hunger. Let us see below in this soil pollution essay on how soil has been exploited.

How does Soil Pollution Occur?

Now that we have learned the importance of soil, let us discuss the various forms of soil pollution in the world.

How does Soil Pollution Occur

  • Industrial Wastes: How many times have you seen industries dumping its wet waste into rivers and dry wastes on land? Often times right? Industries such as pharma, electronics and drugs manufacturer dump thousands on tons of waste onto a barren land in the outskirts of the city. Sometimes these wastes are hazardous in nature and harmful chemicals might seep down into the soil and ultimately into the water table. These water and the soil can be used in agriculture or consumed by animals eventually resulting in the entry of harmful chemicals into the food chain. This can have catastrophic effects on our health
  • Harmful Agricultural Practices: Framer uses pesticides and fertilizer to have a better agricultural output. But excessive use of these chemicals will reduce the fertility of soil thereby reducing the reuse rate of land for further agricultural uses. Also, one of the biggest concerns of infertile soils is that farmers will abandon that piece of land and go further in search of fertile soils, which leads to cutting down of forest covers. Deforestation will further result in global warming and climate change. All the events in nature are linked with each other
  • Landfills: Garbage disposal has been a colossal problem for many developed countries. In a country like India, metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, and Bengaluru face garbage disposal problems. They ultimately end up dumping domestic waste on water and empty lands. The harmful chemical will get injected into the soil and can lead to degradation of the soil and the surrounding atmosphere as well.

Soil pollution has been a problem ever since rapid industrialization and globalization. Governments, as well as people, should come forward to implement robust laws and policies to prevent soil pollution from happening further.

Short Essay on Soil Pollution 200 Words in English

Find below a 200-word short essay on soil pollution that is helpful for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6.

Soil is the uppermost layer in the earth’s stratum. Soil enables and sustains life on the planet, without which there would be no living beings on the earth. But lately, due to mans’ greed and irresponsibility, soil pollution has become a dangerous phenomenon, if not controlled would lead to catastrophic effects our atmosphere and food cycle in the future.

Wrong agricultural practices, dumping of harmful wastes, and garbage disposal on open lands, rupturing of underground storage tanks, industrial waste disposal are some of the many reasons that are causing soil pollution. A polluted soil, which has no nutrients and useful chemicals in it, is no use to human beings, plants, and animals, resulting in leaving behind that land and searching for newer ones. This search for a new piece of land in order to cultivate it results in deforestation. Deforestation will further result in soil erosion, melting of glaciers, global warming, floods, and various other calamities. Every chain is linked with one and another in nature and disturbance in one of the links will result in a disturbance in the whole chain.

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10 Lines on Soil Pollution

  • Soil is the uppermost layer of the earth.
  • Soil is composed of organic and inorganic materials.
  • Nutrients in soil that help in agriculture are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
  • Harmful agricultural practices have lead to soil pollution.
  • Discharge of industrial waste on open lands has caused immense soil pollution.
  • Soil pollution will lead to the poisoning of our food cycle.
  • Deforestation leads to soil erosion and desertification.
  • Afforestation is one of the ways to reduce and control soil pollution.
  • Use of judicious agricultural practices should be adopted to prevent the pollution of soil in the future.
  • Industries should filter the harmful chemical of its waste before disposing it into the atmosphere. Also, harmless disposal methods should be used.

Essay on Soil Pollution

FAQ’s on Soil Pollution Essay

Question 1.
What are the types of pollution?

Soil pollution, air pollution, and water pollution are the three main types of pollution

Question 2.
What is the biggest source of soil pollution?

Agricultural practices are the biggest source of soil pollution.

Question 3.
What are the main pollutants in soil?

Ammonia, lead, nitrate, and petroleum hydrocarbons are the main pollutants in soil.

Question 4.
What are the different types of soil in India?

Sand, clay, chalk, silt, and loam are the main types of soil in India.

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