List of Neighbouring Countries of India | Check Geographical Features, Capitals, Bordering States, Physical Background of India, Map

Borders of India or Neighbouring Countries of India: India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is the second-largest country in South- East Asia, the 7th largest country in the world as per the area, and the 2nd largest country in the world as per population. India has a very broad geographical area with a land border of 15,106.7 Km and also a long coastline of 7,516.6 Km.

India shares its land border and sea border with 7 and 2 countries respectively. In this article, we are explaining the countries which share their borders with India, be it a land border or sea border. Neighbouring Countries of India is the general awareness topic which is very essential to crack various government exams. Verify the content provided in this article about India and their neighbouring countries and improve your general knowledge in dealing with the questions related to the Geography of India.

This Blog Includes:

Overview of Border Countries of India

India has a border of 15,106.7 km and it has a total length of coastline is 7,516.6 km. Need to know more about the border countries of India, check the below table for the geographical features & Overview of Neighbouring countries of India.

Article Name India and It’s Neighboring Countries
Total Neighbouring Countries Of India 9
Neighbouring Countries Of India Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Myammar
Total Land Border Of India 15,106.7 k.m.
Total Length Of Indian Coastline 7516.6 km
Covers Neighboring Countries Static Gk
Exams Covered All exams
Source Government of India Website
Updated Till May 2020

Physical Background of India

India is distinguished by a variety of exquisite physical features. India has 7 main physical divisions which are mentioned as such:

  1. The Indian Ocean on the south
  2. The Arabian Sea on the southwest
  3. The lofty snow-capped Himalayan range
  4. The Northern Indian Plain
  5. The Great Indian Desert: The Thar Desert in the west
  6. The Peninsular Plateau
  7. The Western and Eastern Ghats

After China and Russia, India has the third-largest international border in the world, and also the most delicate border of the World with reference to intense climatic conditions and other natural & physical features.

Also, India shares its land border with seven countries and water border with two countries. They are, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the North-West, China, Bhutan, and Nepal to the north, Myanmar to the far East, Bangladesh to the east., and two water bordered countries are Sri Lanka (from the south-east), and Maldives (from the south-west).

Also Check: Highest Peak in India

India’s Neighbouring Countries List with Capitals & Bordering States

The following table contains a list of neighbouring countries of India with their capitals, border length, and bordering states of India:

Country Capital Border Length Bordering States
Afghanistan Kabul 106 Km Ladakh (PoK)
Bangladesh Dhaka 4096.7 Km West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam
Bhutan Thimphu 699 Km West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam
China Beijing 3488 Km Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
Myanmar Naypyidaw, Yangon 1643 Km Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur
Nepal Kathmandu 1751 Km Bihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal
Pakistan Islamabad 3323 Km Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
Sri Lanka Colombo (Commercial), Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative) Sea Border It is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar
Maldives Male Sea Border It lies in the south-west part of the India Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island

Other than Static GK, you can also become a pro at the current affairs GK, India GK, and World GK by going through our provided GK General Knowledge Article and gain more marks in the upcoming competitive exams.

India’s Neighbouring Countries using Map

Also, you can see the updated Indian map image below which shows the connected countries ie., Indian neighbouring countries.

India's neighbouring countries using map

Brief Details About List of Neighbouring Countries of India

View the below modules and find the complete information of all Indian Neighbouring Countries that are crucial for various competitive and one-day exams.

1. Sri Lanka

In the below table, we have provided the basic details and facts about Sri Lanka country that are important to gain knowledge by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

Some Crucial Facts About Sri Lanka
President Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Mahindra Rajapaksa
Chief Justice Jayantha Jayasuriya
Official languages Sinhala, Tamil
State/ Provinces 9 states
Capital and largest city Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Ceylon (Jungle Fowl)
National Fruit Jackfruit
National Tree Ironwood
National Flower Bluewater lily
Highest peak Pidurutalagala
Longest river Mahaweli
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Parliamenthua (225 seats)
Famous festivals Sinhala and Tamil New Year, Vesak, Poson Festival, Kandy Esala Perahera, Kataragama Festival, Vel Festival, Deepavali

2. China

In the following table, we have provided some facts about China that are necessary to gain knowledge by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

Some Basic Facts About China
President  Xi Jinping
Official languages Mandarin
State/ Provinces 26 Provinces
Capital Beijing
Currency Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
National Game Table Tennis
National Bird Red-crowned crane
National Fruit Kiwifruit
National Tree Maidenhair tree
National Flower Bluewater lily
National animal Giant Panda
Longest river Yangtze River
Boundaries Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh
Parliament National Assembly (2980 members)
Border McMahon Line

3. Myammar

Here is the table filled with the necessary details and facts about Myammar which are crucial to grasp by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

Details About Myammar
President Win Myint
Prime Minister Aung San Suu Kyi
National anthem Kaba Ma Kyei
Official languages Burmese
National animal Tiger
Capital and largest city Naypyidaw
Currency Burmese Kyat
National Game Caneball
National Bird Grey Peacock-Pheasant
National Fruit Padauk
National Tree Green Peafowl
Parliament The House of Representatives (440 seats)
Highest peak Hkakabo Razi
Longest river Irrawaddy River
Famous festivals Thingyan, Kasone, Nayon

4. Afghanistan

Below tables consists of some important facts about Afghanistan country that are essential to gain knowledge by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

A Few Facts On Afghanistan
President  Ashraf Ghani
Parliament Wolesi Jirga (lower House) (250 members)
Official languages Dari and Pashto
State/ Provinces 34 Provinces
Capital and largest city Kabul
Currency Afghan afghani
National Game Buzkashi
National Bird Grey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National Fruit Prunus persica
National Tree Afghan Pine
National animal Snow Leopard
Border Durand Line

5. Bhutan

In the below table, we have presented the primary details about Bhutan country that are important to gain knowledge by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

Some Important Fact About Bhutan
Name of king Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
Monarch  Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime Minister Lotay Tshering
Upper house National Council
Official languages Dzongkha
State/ Provinces 20 states
Capital and largest city Thimphu
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)
National Animal Takin
National Bird  The Raven
National Game Archery
National Tree Cypress(Tsenden)
National Flower Blue poppy
Religion  77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower house National Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats

6. Nepal

The following table holds the essential information about Nepal which helps to appear government job exams for a candidate and crack the state and central jobs.

Some necessary facts about Nepal
President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli
Official languages Nepali
State/ Provinces 7 Provinces
Capital and largest city Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency Nepalese rupee
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National Animal Cow
National Tree Ficus religiosa
National Flower Rhododendron
Highest peak Mount Everest
Longest river Karnali
Parliament The National Assembly (275 seats)

7. Bangladesh

In the below table, we have given the necessary data about Bangladesh that are necessary to gain knowledge by every government job candidate for state and central jobs.

Some Important Fact About Bangladesh
President Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Official languages Bengali
State/ Provinces 8 Provinces
Capital Dhaka
Currency Bangladeshi taka
National Game Volleyball
National Bird Oriental Magpie-Robin
National Fruit Jackfruit(kathal)
National Tree Mango Tree
National animal Royal Bengal tiger
Highest peak Keokradong
Longest river Surma
Religion 70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
Parliament Jatiyo Shangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)
Border Radcliffe Line

8. Pakistan

In the below table, candidates can find the basic facts about Pakistan that help them to answer various GK related questions in state and central govt. job exams.

Some Information About Pakistan
President Arif Alvi
Prime Minister Imran Khan
Official languages Urdu, English
State/ Provinces 4 Provinces
Capital Islamabad
Currency Pakistani Rupee
National Game Field Hockey
National Bird Chukar partridge
National Fruit Mango(Summer), Guava (Winter)
National Tree Deodar
National Anthem Quami Taranah
Highest peak K2
Longest river Indus River
Religion Islam
Parliament National Assembly (342 seats)
Border Radcliffe Line

9. Maldives

Here are some important details regarding one of the neighbouring countries of India ie., Maldives. This information is very essential for the state and central govt. job aspirants.

Details About Maldives
President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Parliament People’s Majlis
Official languages Dhivehi
State/ Provinces 1 Only
Capital and largest city Male
Currency Maldivian Rufiyaa
National Game Football
National Bird White-breasted Waterhen
National Fruit Coconut
National Tree Coconut Tree
National animal Yellowfin Tuna

FAQs on 9 Neighbouring Countries of India

1. How many Neighbouring countries are there in India?

A total of 9 countries share borders with India, of which 7 share land borders and 2 share sea borders.

2. What are the capitals of Neighbouring countries of India?

  1. Afghanistan: Kabul,
  2. Bangladesh: Dhaka,
  3. Bhutan: Thimpu,
  4. China: Beijing (formerly Peking),
  5. Myanmar: Naypyidaw or Pyinmana (formerly Yangon),
  6. Nepal: Kathmandu,
  7. Pakistan: Islamabad,
  8. Sri Lanka: Colombo, and
  9. Maldives: Male

3. How many states share a boundary with China?

A total of 5 Indian States share a boundary with China.

4. How many Indian states share a border with Neighbouring countries?

A total of 4 Indian states share a border with Neighbouring countries such as Mizoram in the east to west and Assam in the northeast; Uttarakhand and Jammu Kashmir in the north.

Read More: Festival of tripura paragraph

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