Judiciary Class 8 Questions and Answers Civics Chapter 5
Civics Class 8 Chapter 5 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
Do you think that any ordinary citizen stands a change against a politician in this kind of judicial system? Why not?
No. If the judiciary is not independent then any ordinary citizen cannot stand a change against a politician. The politician will do whatever he wants?
List two reasons why you believe an independent judiciary to essential to democracy.
- An independent judiciary will provide impartial judgement, which is very important for a democratic country.
- An independent judiciary will protect the Fundamental Rights of citizen. Anyone can approach the court if he or she finds that his or her rights have been violated.
Write two sentences of what you understand about the appellate system from the given case.
According to appellate system, a person can appeal to a higher court against the judgement of the lower court. The Supreme Court, the highest judicial authority has the power to review the decisions of the High Courts and give its own judgements.
Fill in the table given below based on what you have understood about criminal and civil law.
|Description of Violation||Branch of Law Followed||Procedure to be|
|A group of girls are persistently harassed by a group of boys while walking to school.|
|A tenant who is being forced to move out files a case in court against the landlord.|
(a) In the first case the Branch of law is Criminal procedure to be followed :
- FIR has to be filed in the police station against the culprit.
- The police will arrest the accused and take them to the court for legal procedure.
(b) In the second case, the Branch of Law is Civil :
- The tenant will file an FIR in the police station.
- The police may call the landlord to the police station. Both parties may serve the notice by the lower court and law will take its own action.
You read that one of the main function of the judiciary is ‘upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights. Why do you think an indepen¬dent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?
Only an independent judiciary can protect our Fundamental Rights. The judi¬ciary is after all above all prejudices. It is above all caste creed or religion. For this reason it conducts a fair trail and gives fair justice. The judiciary has no influence of any individual or machinery.
Re-read the list of Fundamental Rights provided in Chapter-1. How do you think the Rights to Constitutional Remedies connects to the idea of judicial review?
According to the Rights of Constitutional Remedies citizen are allowed to ap¬proach the court of they believe that any of their Fundamental Rights have been violated by the state. The judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it finds that they violate the structure of the constitution. For this reason, the Right to Constitutional Remedies is connected to the idea of judicial review.
In the following illustration, fill in each tier with the judgements given by the various courts in the Sudha Goel case. Check your responses with others in class.
The lower court convicted Laxman, his mother Shakuntala, and his brother-in-law Subhash Chandra and sentenced all three of them to death. High Court: The High Court acquitted Laxman, Shakuntala, and Subhash Chandra.
The Supreme Court found Laxman and his mother guilty but acquitted the brother-in-law Subhash because they did not have enough evidence against him. The accused were given life imprisonment by the Supreme Court.
Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false.
1. The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.
2. They went to the High Court after the Supreme Court had given its decision.
3. If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused can go back again to the Trial Court.
Why do you think the introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980’s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all?
PIL is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all. Any individual or organisation can file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court or behalf of those whose rights have been vialated. Its legal procedure is very simple. A simple letter or telegram addressed to the Supreme Court or the High Court can be treated as a PIL.
Re-read excerpt from the judgement on the Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporation case. Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right of Life.
According to the judges no person can live without the means of livelihood.
Write a story around the theme, ‘Justice delayed is justice denied’.
Students are asked to write their own story about the above topic.
Make sentences with each of the glossary words given on the next page.
The High Court acquitted Mr. Verma of the charges of murdering his wife.
Mr. Khurana approached the Supreme Court to appeal against the judgement of the High Court.
The High Court asked the factory owner to pay compensation to the worker injured in his factory.
The tanant faced eviction for not paying the rent for six months.
My friend was fined for violation of traffic rules.
The following is a poster made by the Right to Food campaign.
Read this poster and list the duties of the government to uphold the Right to Food.
How does the phrase “Hungry stomachs, overflowing godowns! We will not accept it! used in the poster relate to the Photo essay on the Right to Food on page 61?
The constitution of India provides Right to Food under the Fundamental Rights. The government is solely liable if this Right is hurt or affected by any reason. The government is responsible if anyone dies due to hunger. Recently we have heard cases of suicide of farmers in newspapers. The government must stop such happenings. Sometimes traders cause shortage of food due to hoardings. Such hoarder should be strictly punished by the government.
(b) Citizens and the government