Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology & Their Similarities


Both philosophy and psychology are considered as ordinary arts. Philosophy deals with studying nature and life, whereas psychology deals with the study of mind and its behaviour.

Although psychology is derived from philosophy itself, there are many differences present between them. Still, both subjects explore humankind, nature and their interactions.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology?

About Philosophy

Philosophy is the existential study matters such as knowledge, values, human values, reason and mind. The moderation is associated with all the other sciences with the same basic root of knowledge but comparatively, have fewer practical applications.

The methods used in philosophy are questioning, argumentation, critical thinking and debating to study every ideology as its implications in details. Philosophy can also be defined as the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality and existence.

About Psychology

Psychology is the field of study that traverses human behaviour and neurological processes that guide mental health. Psychology investigates causes and reactions using systemic procedures and breaks down the observation. Thus, it is a more practical approach to assess mental well-being.

Analysis, generalization and conclusion are investigated and suggested for treatment. Psychology is often integrated into a person’s characteristics. It has several subfields such as human development, sports, health, cognitive, clinical, social and environmental psychology.

Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology 1

Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology

Area Of Differentiation Philosophy Psychology
Origin of term Greek words “Philo” and “Sophia.” Greek words “Psyche” and “logos.”
History Philosophy is the ancient history of the mind. Psychology is derived from philosophy, a science that is 150 years old.
Methods  Non-empirical and sometimes assumptions used to conduct research. Empirical methods and a statistical approach used to conduct experiments.
Basis Philosophy is based on reasoning and discussion. Psychology is based on analysis and systematic breakdown of concepts.
Branches Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology, Logic Clinical, health, cognitive, neuro, developmental and environmental psychology.
Outlook Makes a person look at the world outside themselves and their comfort areas. Makes a person look deep down inside themselves.
Employment Researchers, speakers and teachers, Teachers, counsellors and therapists.
Credibility Abstract- may or may not come up with correct solutions. Tends to correct solutions as it uses more scientific methods.

Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology 2

Similarities Between Philosophy and Psychology

  • Psychology rose to include empirical methods when examining questions put forth by philosophy; thus, it is derived from philosophy.
  • Both philosophy and psychology share the common topics: sensation, perception, intelligence and memory.
  • Both psychology and philosophy aspire to understand people, their outlook and their insides, how they receive and interpret information through their senses and how they react.
  • Philosophy gives psychology a general vision of human being. Philosophy and psychology give out ideas and theories to each other and help each other out.
  • Philosophy fits into psychology through a relative hypothesis of mind and its study and general principles underlying scientific research.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Philosophy and Psychology

What is the importance of philosophy?

Philosophy provides valuable resources for thinking about fundamental questions. This attribute is reflected in the growing popularity of philosophical counselling, philosophical cafes and philosophy majors.

What is the importance of psychology?

Psychology helps people understand better how the body and mind works. It is an important subject to understand the mental well-being and diverse psyche of people from all corners of the world.

How is psychology related to philosophy?

Psychology is derived from philosophy because it was a subject that came to answer philosophical questions with an empirical outlook.

Leave a Comment