Difference Between Marxism and Communism & Their Similarities


The difference between Marxism and Communism will be explained in this article detail. Marxism is a social, political, and economic doctrine started by Karl Marx, focusing on the conflict between capitalists and the working class.

The idea of common ownership springs up in Communism, and there must be a complete absence of socio-economic classes, money and the state.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between Marxism and Communism?

About Marxism

Marxism is a form of socio-economic analysis. This theory uses a materialist interpretation of historical development. It is also known as historical materialism to understand the relation between different socio-economic classes, their social conflict, and views of social transformation.

Marxism originates from the German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels’ work in the 19th century. Over the years Marxism has matured into various branches and ideologies, and so presently there is currently no single standard Marxist theory.

About Communism

Communism is a philosophical, social, political and economic ideology and movement that strives to establish a communist society that is a socio-economic order that’s structured upon common ownership ideas. Communism strives for the absence of social classes, money and the state.

Communism originates from several schools of thought which generally include Marxism and anarcho-communism. Both share the analysis of the current order of society roots from capitalism. Communism can be said to be a branch of Socialism— a higher and more advanced form.

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Difference Between Marxism and Communism

Area of Differentiation Marxism Communism
Origin Marxism is the political ideology based on Karl Marx’s ideas. Communism is a political system based on Marxist ideology.
State of society Marxism is the framework on which a state is developed. Communism has a stateless society where the people are seen as equal and treated equally.
Practicality Marxism is a theoretical ideology. Practically implementing Marxism could be considered as Communism.
View It is a way to view the world through a systematic analysis. Communism is a form of Government, condition of a society, and a political movement.
Dependency Most people may not consider that the birth of Marxism was dependent on Communism. However, the very existence of Communism was depended on Marxism.
Aim The philosophy of Marxism is the transformation of society into Socialism, and finally to Communism. Communism is also a believer in the same transformation, but the difference between the two is the way that leadsto the transformation to take place. Communism believes in transformationthrough revolutions.

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Similarities of Marxism and Communism

  • In what ways Communism differs from Marxism has long been a matter of debate, as both of these ideology originates from Karl Marx.
  • Both these ideologies strive to eradicate the divisions and conflicts between socio-economic classes.
  • Marxism and Communism are branches of Marxist ideology.
  • Both of them are against capitalism.

Frequently asked questions on Difference Between Marxism and Communism

Where do the ideologies Marxism and Communism come from?

Both of these ideologies origins from the German philosopher, Karl Marx.

Does Communism support social revolutions?

Yes, Communism supports social revolutions.

Who wrote Das Kapital?

Karl Marx is the author of Das Kapital.

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