Difference Between History and Pre-history & Their Similarities


The world has been in existence for a very long time. It is proven that the Big Bang started it all. Humans have spent a long time discovering the past because the past shaped the present.

The past events are studied and analyzed under different zones of studies. These studies tell us the decades of life and lifestyle that existed.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between History and Pre-history?

About History

History is the study of past events and past people. History starts with the birth of Jesus Christ. On the day of the year when Jesus was born, numbers were introduced to mark time. In other words, the birth of Jesus is the beginning of calendar years. The birth of Jesus marks 1 A-C, 1st Year After Christ.

History is the study of all the written records that proves past events. Historians engage with written context and try to explain events that prove the present.

About Pre-history

Pre-history is the study of events and people who existed before history. Pre-history is the era before Christ. It is marked by the use of Before Christ (BC) or Before Common Era (BCE). The pre-historic era is counted in reverse, with 1 BCE as the beginning.

Pre-historic events are contextual with the use of graphics such as rock carvings, drawings, pictures, signs, and symbols. No individual standard numbering or marking system involves the pre-historic era.

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Difference Between History and Pre-history

Area Of Differentiation History Pre-history
Definition History is the study of standardly marked events that have taken place in the past. Pre-history is the study of the times and events that existed before history began.
Calendar system It begins with the birth of Jesus Christ and moves forward marked by 1 AC. It goes backward from the birth of Jesus Christ and is marked by BCE or BC.
Study or facts History is studied by the analysis of written and witnessed documents. Historic texts contain follow a standard proving phenomenon. Pre-history is studied by the remains or discovery of uncertain rock paintings, rock carvings, signs, and symbols.
Examples Existence of William Shakespeare, World War I and World War II. Indus Valley Civilization, Ancient men, Neanderthals, Evolution of Homo sapiens.

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Similarities of History and Pre-history

  • History and pre-history are both the study of past events and people.
  • History and Pre-history are factually proven elements of the past. Both the arena of study involves documented (standard or in the form of fossils) facts to proves their existence.
  • Historical events were an evolution of pre-historic events, and both have influenced and evolved into contemporary time.
  • In academic doctrine, both eras start in the same year. The forward or backward numbering makes the primary difference.
  • The central notion for both areas is the same. Both involve the past that justifies the present. Without decades of history, we would have been deprived of the knowledge that currently shapes the world.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between History and Pre-history

Are history and Pre-history the parts of the same subject?

Both history and Pre-history deals with past events. Pre-history influenced history, and history influenced the present. But both the subjects are different in the way they are studied and the information that influences it. History starts with the birth of Christ, and pre-history ends with it.

How is pre-history studied?

Pre-historians study the event of pre-history with the information discovered in the form of rock carvings, paintings, ancient coins, fossils, signs, and symbols. Pre-historians also engage in the area of geology, archaeology, molecular genetics, paleontology, and anthropology.

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