The court plays an important role in protecting the constitution. The Supreme Court is at the top of the judicial hierarchy and the final court of appeal set up by the Indian Constitution.
The High Court follows it, the superior court of the country or state.
You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.
What is the Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court?
About High Court
The High Courts of India are the major civil courts of original jurisdiction in each state and union territory.
High Courts are headed by a chief justice and such other judges as the President of India. High Court has the jurisdiction to punish all cases of its defiance by any person or institution.
There are 25 High Courts in India. The Calcutta High Court is the first high court in the country. It was established on 2 July 1862.
About Supreme Court
The Supreme Court of India is the chief judicial body of India. It is the highest court under the Indian Constitution.
A chief justice heads Supreme Court. According to the Indian Constitution, the President of India must enforce the Supreme Court’s decree. The court is conferred with the essential jurisdiction to pass any order deemed necessary in the interest of justice.
Difference Between High Court And Supreme Court
|Area Of Differences||High Court||Supreme Court|
|Definition||The high Court is the apex judiciary body of a state’s administration||The Supreme Court is the primary court of justice in the country.|
|Appointment of Judges||The President appoints the judges of the High Court in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the state in question.||According to the Indian Constitution, every Judge of the supreme Court shall be appointed by the President of India.|
|Head||The Chief Justice of the State heads the High Court.||The Chief Justice of the country heads the Supreme Court.|
|Superintendence||The High Court has authority over all the other courts under its jurisdiction.||The Supreme Court has authority over all the courts and tribunals of the country|
Similarities Between High Court And Supreme Court
- Both of the High Courts and the Supreme Court are the highest judicial organs.
- Both of the Courts are headed by a Chief Justice.
- Both of them are the protector of the Indian Constitution.
- Both of the courts playan important role in making decisions for civil and criminal cases.
- Both of them enjoy superintendence over all courts under their jurisdiction.
- The President of India appoints the judges of both of the courts.
- The judge appointed in both of the Courts has to be an advocate forat least ten years.
- The judgment made by the high court is independent in most of the cases.
Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between High Court And Supreme Court
How many High Court and Supreme Court are there in India?
There 24 High Courts in India and only 1 Supreme Court in India.
Is High Court higher than Supreme Court?
Yes, the Supreme Court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts.
What are the types of Supreme Court decisions?
Majority opinion, dissenting opinion, plurality opinion, concurring opinion, memorandum opinion, Per Curiam opinion.