Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat & Their Similarities


The Raj of Panchayati in India signifies the system of rural local self-governance. Panchayat entrusts people with rural development. The Panchayati Raj structure is a three-tier consisting of the Panchayat Samiti, Gram Panchayat and Zila Parishad.

The Gram Panchayat is further gets divided into Gram Sabha and Nyaya Panchayat/ The Panchayati Raj System.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat?

About Gram Panchayat

In Indian villages, Gram Panchayat (English: Village council) is a basic village governing institute. In India, the democratic structure is at the grass-roots level. It is a political institute.

The Panchayat Raj system established in various states of India has three tiers: at the district level is Jila Parishad; at the block level is Nagar Palika; and Gram panchayat, at the village level. It acts as a cabinet centre of the village.

About Gram Sabha

The primary body of the system of Panchayati Raj and by far the largest is Gram Sabha. It is considered as a permanent body. The Panchayat implements supervision, monitoring and development programs under the overarching mandate of the Gram Sabha.

Through the Gram Sabha, all decisions of the Panchayat are taken, and no decision is valid and official without the consent of the Gram Sabha.

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The difference between Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha

Area of Difference Gram Panchayat Gram Sabha
Defination Gram Panchayat functions at the village level and is the lower element of the Panchayati Raj. The legislative body that actually operates at the village level and audit reports and considers the annual budget of the Gram Panchayat is Gram Sabha.
Part of the body As the Gram panchayat members are elected for a term of five years, it is a temporary body. Gram Sabha is a permanent body.
Constituents of the body The Gram Panchayat consists of Sarpanch and ward members. Every person in the village whose name is registered in the voter list consists of the perspective village’s Gram Sabha.
Election of Members The members of the Gram Sabha directly elects the members of the Gram Panchayat. The members are not elected in Gram Sabha.

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Similarities between Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha

  • The Panchayati Raj System was constitutionalized and came into effect on April 24, 1993. Through the 73rd Act of the Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 in the Gram Panchayat is further divided into Gram Sabha Nyaya Panchayat.
  • Gram Sabha is the general assembly of who have attained the age of 18 years and all the people of a village, and their name is entered in the voter list.
  • The Gram Sabha executive committee is known as Gram Panchayat, which consists of the representatives elected by the Sabha.

Frequently Asked Question on Difference Between Gram Sabha And Gram Panchayat

What is the difference between the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat Class?

A Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat includes a Secretary who is not an elected person but is appointed by the government and is also the Gram Sabha Secretary.

Who is called Sarpanch?

The successful candidate whom votes are given of all the wards form the panch. The head of the Panchas is called the Sarpanch, who is selected through voting among the Panchas.

What is the main aim of gram panchayat?

Gram Panchayats and SDGs have the Panchayati Raj system’s twin objectives as envisaged by India’s Constitution to ensure local economic development and social justice.

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