Difference between Fascism and Nazism & Their Similarities


Nazism is the common name in English for National Socialism, commonly practice the ideology associated with Adolf Hitler. It is a form of Fascism. Fascism is an authoritarian ultra-nationalism characterized by dictatorial power. It came to prominence in early 20th century Europe.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between Fascism and Nazism?

About Fascism

The political ideology and the mass movements dominated many parts, including many southern, central, and eastern Europe. The first fascist leader was Benito Mussolini. He took out the name from a Latin word called “fasces”. It was referred to something like a bundle of elms or birch rods.

It was usually used as a symbol of penal authority in ancient Rome. The movements came to power in several countries between 1922 and 1945, and a party was led in Italy by Mussolini called the National Fascist Party.

About Nazism

Nazism was full of National socialism led by then-leader Adolf Hitler as the head of the Nazi party in Germany. It was far more than extreme, in both its practice and ideas. The will of the dictator was emphasized, and an anti-intellectual movement was led.

The Prussian army served as the model for all individual and civic life. His youth mainly influenced Hitler’s intellectual viewpoint. Not only by the then German traditions but also by specific Austrian movements.

Difference between Fascism and Nazism 3

Difference between Fascism and Nazism

Area of differentiation Fascism Nazism
Source of origin Then fascist leader Benito Mussolini  started fascism.

Then Nazi leader Adolf Hitler started nazism.

Area of practice It was mainly practised in Italy. It was mainly practised in Germany.
Breakup strikes It recruited thousands of the “Blackshirts” to break up the strikes. It organized an army called gangs of Nazis or the “Brownshirts.”
Belief Fascism believed in corporatization of all elements to form an organic state. It was more focused on racism. The doctrine believed in superiority.
Class system The fascists believed in class system to preserve it for a better social order. The Nazis believed the class-based system to be a hindrance.
Origin of name Fascism was originated from the Italian word ‘fascismo.’ It was originated concerning National Socialist German Worker’s party.

Difference between Fascism and Nazism 2

Similarities between Fascism and Nazism

  • Both Fascism and Nazism were the symbols of intensely anti-communism.
  • The fascists and the Nazis both drew solid support from all the classes.
  • Both the parties were anti-democratic.
  • Each party gave an attempt to organize a totalitarian state.
  • The parties tried controlling almost everything starting from the industries to agriculture.
  • They emphasized the unity of all the classes working together.

Frequently Asked Questions on the Difference between Fascism and Nazism

Why did Germany turn to Fascism?

There was the fall of Kaiser in Germany, so the people were left in shambles. People struggled enough to find a leader who gave the fascists dictators an opportunity.

How was Mussolini overthrown?

The great leader was voted out by his own grand council and was also arrested upon.

How long did Fascism last in Italy?

The era lasted from 1922 to 1943 with Benito Mussolini as the prime minister of Italy.

Leave a Comment