Difference Between Cabinet and The Council of Minister & Their Similarities


A Minister is a politician who heads a ministry, makes and implements decision on policies in conjunction with other ministers. The term Minister is used in diplomacy and comes from Middle English, deriving from the old French word ‘ministe’, originally Minister in Latin, meaning “servant” or “attendant”, which itself is originated from the word ‘minus’ meaning “less”.

You can also find differences between articles on various topics that you need to know. Just tap on the quick link available and get to know the basic differences between them.

What is the Difference Between Cabinet and The Council of Minister?

About Cabinet

The cabinet is a body of high ranking state officials, typically consisting of the executive branch’s top leader. The cabinet collectively determines the government’s direction, especially in regard to legislation passed by the parliament.

In some countries, the function of a cabinet varies. It is a decision-making body with collective responsibility. In contrast, in others, it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision-making head or the government head.

About The Council Of Ministers

The Council of the Minister is the name given to the supreme executive organ in some government. The term is normally equivalent to the word cabinet or Council of state. Council of Ministers is usually composed of those ministers who are responsible for a ministry.

The Union Council of Minister exercises executive authority in a republic. It consists of senior ministers, junior Minister, and rarely, deputy minister. The Prime Minister of India leads this Council.

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Difference Between Cabinet And Council Of Minister

Area of differentiation


Council of ministers

Members The cabinet consists of several senior ministers who hold important portfolio such as defence, home affairs, education, etc. They consist of cabinet ministers, assistant ministers and ministers of state.
Role in constitution It was presented the status of a constitutional body after passing the constitutional amendment of 1976 It is a constitutional body
Decision making The ministry consists of some of the most qualified ministers. Thus the prime ministers seek their advice on important matters. The decision of the cabinet is binding to all the ministers. It is up to the Prime Minister will to discuss with The Council of Minister or not when making important decisions.
Policies and meetings The cabinet meets as often as possible to formulate policies and decide on certain national importance matters. The gatherings between the Council of Ministers are rare

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Similarities Between Cabinet And The Council Of Minister

  • The cabinet, as well as the Council of ministers, are both directly and indirectly elected by the president.
  • The president or the Senate can dismiss both the cabinet and the Council of Ministers under the provisions of article 75. They can also be removed or dismissed under self resignation.
  • To be a cabinet or a council of Minister, a person must be a citizen of the country and qualify the parliament’s eligibility criteria.
  • The cabinet and the Council of Ministers are both a part of the executive. The executive is a branch of government exercising authority in holding responsibility for the government of a state.

Frequently Asked Questions on Difference Between Cabinet and The Council Of Minister

What is the function of a cabinet minister?

Cabinet ministers roles include directing government policy and making declarations about national issues, spending a lot of time discussing prevailing National problems and how these can be solved, presenting bills and proposing laws.

Why is it called the cabinet?

The term “cabinet” comes from the Italian expression ” cabinetto”, meaning a small private room or “a good place to discuss important business without being interrupted”. This term was first used to describe two meetings as ” the president’s cabinet”.

Who is the head of the Council of Ministers?

The Council of Ministers is managed by the Prime Minister to aid and advise the president on his functions.

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