List of Important Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables with Common Names

Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables: ‘Scientific Name aka ‘Binomial nomenclature,’ is the process where scientists give unique names to all living organisms, plants, birds, flowers, and animals. These are usually derived from Latin. In the scientific names, there will be two names ie., genus name and specific name or epithet. The main advantage of giving a scientific name for organisms is to avoid confusion and to understand the characteristics of the organism.

The most important & scoring section in various exams like SSC-CGL, SSC CPO, SSC CHSL, UPSC, etc. is General Awareness. In order to improve your GK knowledge, we are updating all static and current India GK articles for all students through this site. So, today we have come up with the most crucial topic called Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. From the below sections, you will be learning the most common trees, vegetables, and fruits botanical names with ease. So, let’s get into the article without wasting microseconds.

Botanical Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables

Biological classification is an essential as the number of living things are enormous. Every year, various new speices or organisms will greatly form according to their structure and their mode of life. Also, we have to remember that the process of naming organisms scientifically is called ‘taxonomy’. Are you looking for the scientific names of plants, vegetables and fruits? Then, here is the complete guide on them.

Plantae is the scientific name of the plant. The lists of all plants, trees, fruits, and vegetables binomial names are provided in further sections. Before referring to them, just have a complete information about the scientific names. Moreover, there are certain rules to be followed in binomial nomenclature. So, learn the scientific or biological plant names along with fruits and vegetables binomial names for extra GK scores in various competitive exams.

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A Few Common Plants Scientific Names List

The below table aid students or candidates in their competitive exam preparation to remember the botanical names of plants and trees. So, check the list carefully and answer the questions correctly in quizzes & other exams.

Common Plant Names with Their Scientific Names
Apple Malus domestica
Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
Banana Musa paradisiaca
Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Black Gram Plasoes mungo
Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Brinjal Solanum melongena
Capsicum Capsicum frutescens
Carrot Daucas carota
Clove Syzygium aromaticum
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
Cucumber Cucumis sativus
Curry plant Murraya koenigii
Drumstick Moringa oleifera
Garlic Allium sativum
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Green Gram Phaseolies aulicus
Guava Psidium guajava
Henna Lawsonia inermis
Horse Gram Dolichos biffoeus
Jowar Sorghum vulgare
Lemon Citrus limonium
Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Maize Zea mays
Mango Mangifera indica
Mint Mentha arvensis
Money Plant Epipremnum aureum
Neem Azadirachta indica
Onion Allium cepa
Orange Citrus aurantium
Pineapple Ananas comosus
Potato Solanum tuberosum
Radish Raphanus sativus
Red Gram Cajanus cajan
Sandalwood Santalum album
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum
Tomato Solanum lycopersicum
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
Turmeric Curcuma longa
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat Triticum aestivum

Top 50 List of Botanical or Scientific Names of Vegetables

Vegetables’ common names can differ from one place to another place. To avoid confusion, Scientific names or botanical names are given to every vegetable by scientists and biologists. So, learn the scientific names of the most common vegetables from the below list and enhance your general knowledge.

1. Acorn squash => Cucurbita pepo

2. Artichoke => Cynara scolymus

3. Asparagus => Asparagus officinalis

4. Beans => Spinacea Oleracea, Phaseolus VulgarisPalak

5. Beet => Beta Vulgaris crassa group

6. Bell pepper => Capsicum annum

7. Bitter Gourds => Momordica Charantia

8. Broccoli => Brassica oleracea italica group

9. Broccoli rabe => Brassica rapus ruvo group

10. Brussels sprouts => Brassica oleracea gemmifera group

11. Butternut squash => Cucurbita moschata

12. Cabbage => Brassica oleracea capitata group

13. Cardoon => Cynara cardunculus

14. Carrot => Daucus carota

15. Cauliflower => Brassica oleracea

16. Celery => Apium graveolens

17. Chard => Beta Vulgaris cicla group

18. Chicory, raddichio => Chicorium intybus

19. Chilli => Capsicum Annuum

20. Chinese cabbage =>Brassica rapus chinesesis group

21. Chive =>Allium schoenoprasum

22. Cluster bean =>Cyamopsis tetragonoloba

23. Cucumber =>Cucumis sativus

24. Eggplant, Brinjal =>Solanum melongena

25. Endive =>Chicorium endivia

26. Garlic => Allium sativum

27. Green bean => Phaseolus vulgaris

28. Green soybean => Glycine max

29. Hyacinth bean => Lablab purpureus

30. Kale, collards => Brassica oleracea acephala group

31. Leeks =>Allium ampeloprasum

32. Lettuce => Latuca sativa

33. Lima bean => Phaseolus limensis

34. Melons => Cucumis melo

35. Okra, Lady Finger => Abelmoschus esculentus

36. Onion => Allium cepa

37. Parsley => Petroselinum crispum

38. Parsnip => Pastinaca crispum

39. Pea => Pisum sativum

40. Pointed gourd => Trichosanthes dioica

41. Popcorn => Zea mays var. everta

42. Potato => Solanum tuberosum

43. Pumpkin => Cucurbita maxima

44. Radish => Raphanus sativus

45. Rutabaga => Brassica napus

46. Spinach => Spinacia oleracea

47. Sweet corn => Zea Mays var. saccharata

48. Sweet potato => Ipomoea batatas

49. Tomato => Lycopersicon lycopersicum

50. Turnip => Brassica rapus

51. Watermelon => Citrullus lanatus

52. Winged bean => Psophocarpus Tetragonolobus

Important Scientific Names of Fruits List

The most commonly used fruits scientific names are given in the tabular form below for helping kids & junior researchers to understand the characteristics of each fruit. Take a look at the below tabulated top 15 Fruits Binomial Names with their common names. 

S.No Common Name Scientific Name
1 Apple Pyrus malus
2 Banana Musa paradisicum
3 Chiku Achras sapota
4 Guava Psidium guava
5 Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
6 Lemon Citrus Limonium
7 Mango Mangifera indica
8 Mulberry Morus
9 Orange Citrus aurantium
10 Pear Pyrus
11 Pineapple Ananus sativus
12 Pomegranate Punica granatum
13 Strawberry Fragaria × ananassa
14 Sweet Potato Ipomoea batatas
15 Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris

For quick reference, check out the below video on Most Common Fruits Botanical/Scientific Names

FAQs on Fruits, Vegetables & Plants Scientific Names

1. What are the scientific names of plants?

Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. So, Plantae is the botanical name or scientific name of plants.

2. Where can I find the list of scientific names for fruits and vegetables?

You can find the fruits and vegetables botanical names on this page for free of cost.

3. Do Trees have Scientific Names?

Yes, Trees do have scientific names as Plants.

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