# Population Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers

Choose the correct option:

Question 1.
Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) none of the above

Answer: (c) both the area of departure and arrival

Question 2.
A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectances
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples

Question 3.
The magnitude of population growth refers to
(a) the total population of an area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males

Answer: (a) the total population of an area

Question 4.
According to the census 2001, a ‘literate’ persons is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3‘R’s (readings, writing, arithmetic)

Answer: (c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding

Question 5.
Which one of the following country has higher population density than India?
(b) Nepal
(c) Korea

Explanation:
Only Bangladesh and Japan have higher average population densities than India. The population density of India in the year 2001 was 324 persons per sq. km.

Question 6.
What percentage of India’s population resides in the most populated state of India, Uttar Pradesh?
(a) 38.96 per cent
(b) 14.37 per cent
(c) 16.16 per cent
(d) 20.56 per cent

Explanation:
Uttar Pradesh with a population size of 166 million people is the most populous state of India. Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 16 per cent of the Country’s population.

Question 7.
Which state has the lowest population in India?
(c) Sikkim
(d) All of these

Explanation:
On the other hand, the Himalayan state Sikkim has a population of just about 0.5 million and Lakshadweep has only 60 thousand people.

Question 8.
India accounts for what percentage of the world population?
(a) 16.7 per cent
(b) 20 per cent
(c) 15 per cent
(d) 18.6 per cent

Explanation:
India’s population as on March 2001 stood at 1,028 million, which account for 16.7 per cent of the world’s population.

Question 9.
Which is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed?
(a) Fauna
(b) Population
(c) Flora
(d) All of these

Explanation:
Population is the pivotal element in social studies. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed.

Question 10.
Which one of the following state of India has very low population density?
(b) Sikkim
(c) Orissa
(d) All of these

Explanation:
Densities vary from 904 persons per sq km in West Bengal to only 13 persons per sq km in Arunachal Pradesh.

Question 11.
What do you mean by the magnitude of population growth?
(a) The total population of an area
(b) The number of females per thousand males
(c) The number of persons added each year
(d) None of these

Explanation:
The absolute numbers added each year or decade is the magnitude of increase. It is obtained by simply subtracting the earlier population.

Question 12.
Which one of the following state has a population density below 100 persons per square kilometre?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Uttarakhand
(c) Nagaland
(d) All of these

Explanation:
Jammu and Kashmir has a population density below 100 persons per square kilometre; there was an increase of two persons for every 100 persons in the base population.

Question 13.
Which one of the following state has very high population density in India?
(a) West Bengal
(c) Rajasthan
(d) All of these

Explanation:
Densities vary from 904 persons per sq. km in West Bengal to only 13 persons per sq km in Arunachal Pradesh.

Question 14.
Who is resource creating factors as well as resources themselves?
(a) Animals
(b) Human beings
(c) Plants
(d) All of these

Explanation:
The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality. The people are important to develop the economy and society.

Question 15.
In how many years is the official enumeration of population carried out for census?
(a) 5 years
(b) 16 years
(c) 2 years
(d) 10 years

Explanation:
In every 10 years is the official enumeration of population carried out for census. The census of India provides us with information regarding the population of our country.

Question 16.
What is the average sex ratio of India as per 2001 census?
(a) 956
(b) 973
(c) 933
(d) 945

Explanation:
The average sex ratio of India as per 2001 census is 933. Kerala has a sex ratio of 1058 females per 1000 males; Pondicherry has 1001 females for every 1000 males.

Question 17.
Which one of the following state in India has a population density below 250 persons per square km?
(a) Punjab
(b) Haryana
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) None of these

Explanation:
Chhattisgarh is the state with population densities below 250 persons per square km. rugged terrain and unfavourable climatic conditions.

Question 18.
A large proportion of children in a population is a result of:
(a) High death rate
(b) High married rate
(c) High birth rate
(d) None of these

Explanation:
High birth rate is the result of a large proportion of children in a population. The percentage of children and the aged affect the dependency ratio because these groups are not producers.

Question 19.
What is the main cause for the high growth of our population?
(a) Rise in death rate
(b) Decline of death rate
(c) Decline of birth rate
(d) None of these