Choose the correct option:
In which year was the mechanical reaper invented?
Answer: (b) 1831
Which method of cultivation was adopted by the white settlers in the USA?
(a) shifting cultivation
(b) primitive cultivation
(c) intensive agriculture
(d) none of the above
Answer: (a) shifting cultivation
Which country was not involved in the triangular trade?
Answer: (d) America
Which country became the bread basket of the world?
Answer: (b) America
The white settlers swept into the Great Plains across the River Mississippi after the
Answer: (d) 1860s
The continuous movement of the pastoral communities helps in
(a) Recovery of the pastures
(b) prevention of their overuse
(c) Reduction in the demand of houses
(d) both A and B
Answer: (d) both A and B
why did the white settlers want to push away the Indian Americans from their lands?
(a) The land possessed by the Indians could be turned into cultivated fields
(b) Forest timber could be exported, animals hunted for skins, mountains mined for gold and Minerals
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) It was a committed policy of the US Government
Answer: (c) Both (a) and (b)
Which of these reasons led to a radical transformation of the landscape by the early 20th century?
(a) White Americans had moved westward
(b) Local tribes were displaced
(c) Entire landscape was carved into different agricultural belts in the USA
(d) All the above
Answer: (d) All the above
In the 19th century, the two major commercial crops India came to produce for the world Market were
(d) both (a) and (b)
Answer: (d) both (a) and (b)
Name the US President who said “Plant more wheat, wheat will win the war.”
(a) President Roosevelt
(b) President Clinton
(c) President Bush
(d) President Wilson
Answer: (d) President Wilson
In 1831, Cyrus McCormick invented the first mechanical reaper. What was its most Important advantage?
(a) In could harvest 50 acres of wheat
(b) 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks
(c) It could cut grass on large areas
(d) It could prepare the ground for cultivation
Answer: (b) 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks
What did the settlers of the Great Plains realise after the 1930s?
(a) Using older methods of cultivation were better than modern machines
(b) Competition with other countries was not healthy
(c) They had to respect the ecological conditions of each region
(d) None of the above
Answer: (c) They had to respect the ecological conditions of each region
In 1839, who was sent by the Emperor to Canton as a Special Commissioner to stop the opium trade?
(b) Lin Ze-xu
(d) None of the above
Answer: (d) None of the above
What did the enclosure imply?
(a) It meant green fields
(b) Piece of land enclosed from all sides
(c) It meant open fields
(d) Vast area of marshy land
Answer: (b) Piece of land enclosed from all sides
Opium was exported from India to:
Answer: (a) China