NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nazism and The Rise of Hitler
Describe the problems faced by the Weimer Republic.
The following were the problems faced by the Weimer Republic.
1. Economic Crisis —
Immediately after the World War I, both the peopleand the government faced adverse economic problems. Industrial development was low; agriculture was in a bad shape and the German mark began to fall. Inflation rose high; unemployment was unprecedented; loan raised during the war was to be paid in gold.
Germany was declared war guilty. She Was to pay the huge war bill. The Weimer Republic inherited this probrem; it Was to pay 6 billion pound. As Germany’s economic position was dwindling, it was not possible for her to pay the annual instalment, which she was to pay to the victorious: countries.
3. Adverse effects of War—
The Weimer Republic had to face the adverse effects of the war. The Weimer Republic lost her overseas territories; her forces were reduced to the point of national security.
4. Political Radicalism—
The Weimer Republic witnessed revolutionary, uprising of the Spartacist League who wanted Germany to have a Soviet style governance; their opponents wanted to make Germany a democratic state.
Discuss why Nazism became popular in Germany by 1930.
Nazism became popular in Germany by 1930. The Nazis promised the people of Germany to get them everything they lost during the World War I. They inculcated in them the spirit of German nationalism, restor-ing the dignity of the German people. They also promised employment and all economic recovery. They assured them that they would weed out all foreign influences and resist all foreign conspiracies against Germany.
What are the peculiar features of Nazi thinking?
The chief features of the Nazi thinking can be stated as under:
- The state is above all. According fo this Nazi philosophy, “People exist for the state rather the state, for the people.”
- It was in favour of ending all types of parliamentary institutions and glorified the rule of a great leader.
- It extolled war and glorified the use of force.
- It was in favour of completely rooting out liberalism, socialism and communism.
- It preached extreme hatred against the German Jews who were responsible, for the economic misery of the people.
- It was in favour of crushing any types of opposition and all sorts of party formations.
- It aimed at increasing the German empire and acquiring all the colonies which she had been occupying before the war.
- It aimed at increasing the German military power and wanted to increase the German influence all over the world.
Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for the Jews.
Nazi propaganda was very effective in creating a hatred for the Jews. The Jews were projected undesirable. They were accused of killing Christ; dubbed as ritual, murderers and usurers. Accordingly, they were thought to be the enemies of the Germans, and hence were to be condemned to death camps. Hitler thought of the Jews belonging to the lowest race, and the Aryans, to the finest one.
Explain what role women had in Nazi society. Return to Chapter 1 on the French Revolution. Write a paragraph impairing and contrasting the role of women in the two periods.
The role of women in the Nazi society was insignificant as compared to men. Women were considered inferior to men in every respect in Hitler’s regime. Hitler thought of German women as bearers of the Aryan culture: He once said, “We do not consider it correct for the woman to interfere in the world of man. He continued saying that the woman gives in eternal self-sacrifice, in eternal pain and suffering.” In Germany, women who produced racially desirable children were awarded, and those bearing racially undesirable children were punished.
As compared to the women of the French Reyolution days, the German women of the Hitler’s days were confined to the four walls of the housbe, producing children of racially high quality. The women of the French Revolution took part in public life in so far as they participated in the struggle for liberty and equality. Unlike the- wqmefn of Nazi. Germany, the women of the French Revolution days took part in political activities. The German women, during the times of Hitler, were treated secondarily and as second-rate citizens.
In what way did the Nazi state seek to establish total control over its people?
The Nazi state sought to establish total control over its people in numerous ways. Some of tire major ways, in this regard, can be stated briefly as under:
- Through the Enabling Act of March, 1933, dictatorship was established in Germany. Hitler got all powers through decrees.
- All political parties and trade unions were banned except Nazi party.
- The state established complete control over the economy, media, army and judiciary.
- Security forces were created to control and order society in ways the Nazi wanted. Gestapo, the secret state police, began functioning effectively; it could detain people in torture chambers.
These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nazism and The Rise of Hitler.