Master of Science (M.Sc) Courses | Duration, Eligibility Criteria, Admission Process, Syllabus, Career Prospects

Master of Science Courses: If you have graduated and now looking to pursue or pursuing Post Graduation in Science, and are facing a lot of queries related to Top M.Sc courses, this article, presents you a brief about the Master of Science Courses, such as Course Details, Admission process, Course duration, Eligibility criterion, Top Institutions, and Vocation possibilities.

What is an M.Sc Course?

M.Sc is a two-year-long postgraduate course that offers advanced knowledge in specialized Science. The postgraduate course program offers crucial and technical aspects regarding industrial work ethics and applications of Science.

Master of Science is a research-based postgraduate program that concentrates on a particular area and topic and offers an in-depth and comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge base to students.

Some popular specializations in the field of M.Sc are Biological Science, Chemistry, Physics, Economics, Atmospheric Science, Clinical Psychology, Zoology, Environmental Science, Botany, Meteorology, Information Technology, Geology, Mathematics, Electronics, Biotechnology, and Organisational Leadership.

Overview of M.Sc Course Details

Course Name M. Sc.
M.Sc full form Master of Sciences
Course Level Postgraduate-level
M.Sc Course Duration Two years with four semesters.
Age Limit Age limit criteria are not applicable as anyone interested can pursue this course program after graduation.
Eligibility Criteria 10+2 level of graduation secured from a recognized board with a minimum of 55 percent aggregate.
Placement Opportunities Government Sector,  Private Sector, Research, Teaching, ISRO, BHEL, Railways, BAARC, and more.
Employment Roles Scientist, Lab Technician, Professor, Statistician, Assistant Professor, Field Officer, Junior Software Engineer, and more.
Average Salary Offered Rs. 8 Lakhs per annum
Advanced Courses P.hD and M.Phil
Similar Courses MBA, MCA, M.Com, MA, MSC.MBA

Types of M.Sc Courses in India

M.Sc course is divided into three major types-

  1. M.Sc: A core full-time postgraduate program, which is a research-based degree.
  2. Part-time M.Sc: A part-time postgraduate program that spaces out the same academic content over fewer hours per week for working professionals.
  3. M.Sc Online: A short online program using e-learning technology can be viewed from campus to the office or home.

Get to Know More about other types of Course Details Streamwise, and Category wise.

M.Sc Course Specializations

M.Sc offers a plethora of specializations in the field of Science and its applications at an advanced level. Through the M.Sc degree, you can specialize in various areas, and a few of the specializations are as follows-

Top M.Sc Courses Course Duration Course Specialization
M.Sc. in Advertising Management  and Public Relations Two Years Advertising, Marketing, Public Relations, and Communication.
M.Sc. in Agroforestry Two Years Agricultural and Forestry technologies to create more profitable, diverse, healthy, and productive land-use systems.
M.Sc. in Agronomy Two Years Principles of Crop Nutrition, Crop Production, Herbicides, and Crop Production,  Physiology of Drought, Physiological Aspect of Crop Yield, and Physiology of Crop Plants.
M.Sc. in Anthropology Two Years Prehistoric Archaeology, Social, Political, and Economic Anthropology.
M.Sc. in Aquaculture Two Years Fish Nutrition, Aquatic Toxicology, Fish diseases, Biodiversity, Immunology, and Endocrinology
M.Sc. in Architecture Two Years Contemporary Architecture, Computer Applications in Architecture and Planning, Urban Design, and  Advanced Landscape Design.
M.Sc. in Astrophysics Two Years Space Physics, Applied Mathematics, Quantum Mechanics, Positional Astronomy, and Plasma Physics.
M.Sc. in Biochemistry Two Years Genetic Engineering, Immunology, Enzymes, Proteins, Biochemical, Molecular Biology, and Biophysical Techniques
M.Sc. in Biodiversity and Conservation Two Years Environmental Law, Species Conservation, Biodiversity Management, and Ecological Field Techniques
M.Sc. in Bioinformatics Two Years Computational Mathematics, Information Technology, Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, and Statistics.
M.Sc. in Biological Sciences Two Years Biochemistry,  Ecology, Biophysics, Cell Biology, Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, Genetics, and Neurobiology.
M.Sc. in Botany Two Years Algae and Fungi, Chemical Properties, Reproduction, Plants, Growth, Taxonomic Groups, Development, Evolutionary Relationships among, and Diseases, Structure.
M.Sc. in Chemistry Two Years Organic Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry.
M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology Two Years Adult Mental Health, Geriatrics and Health Psychology, Child Mental Health, Emotional Disturbances, Learning Disabilities, Emotional Disturbances, and Substance Abuse.
M.Sc. in Dairy Engineering Two Years Dairy Sciences and the Study of Dairy Products using the concepts of Engineering.
M.Sc. in Economics Two Years Economics, Applied Economics, and Econometrics.
M.Sc. in Electronics Two Years Semiconductor electronics, DSP, Material Science, IC Technology, Digital, and Analog Electronics.
M.Sc. in Environmental Science Two Years Geo-Environment and  Meteorology, Solid Waste Management, Environment Chemistry and Toxicology, and Environmental Technology.
M.Sc. in Geology Two Years Mineralogy, Optics, Hydrogeology, Crystallography, Environmental Geology, Metamorphic Petrology, Stratigraphy, and Palaeontology.
M.Sc. in Human Development Two Years Early Childhood Care and Education, Parenting in Early Childhood, Child, and Human Rights.
M.Sc. in Information Technology Two Years Advanced JAVA Programming Language, Software Engineering and Management, Interactive Computer Graphics, Algorithm Design, and Analysis.
M.SC in Computer Science Two Years
M.Sc. in Mass Communication and Journalism Two Years Media Appreciation and Research, Media Policy and Technology, and Applied Communication.
M.Sc. in Mathematics Two Years Probability Theory, Algebraic Geometry, Theoretical Computer Science, Global Analysis, and Number Theory.
M.Sc. in Microbiology Two Years Bioinstrumentation, Molecular Immunology,  Food, and Dairy Microbiology, and  Microbial Physiology.
M.Sc. in Molecular Biology Two Years Bioinstrumentation, Molecular Immunology, Food, and Dairy Microbiology, and Microbial Physiology.
M.Sc. in Molecular Biology Two Years Biostatistics, Physical, Biochemistry, Applied Molecular Biology, and Biochemical Techniques
M.Sc. in Neuroscience Two Years Biochemistry, Neuron Organization, Cell Biology, Genetics, and Molecular Biology.
M.Sc. in Optometry Two Years Orthotics, Behavioural Optometry, and Paediatric Optometry.
M.Sc. in Physics Two Years Nuclear Physics, Cosmology, Geophysics, Condensed Matter Physics, and Astrophysics.
M.Sc. in Psychology Two Years Neuro-Psychology, Psychometrics, and Cognitive Psychology.
M.Sc. in Statistics Two Years Finance, Social Sciences, and Econometrics.
M.Sc. in Tourism Two Years Tourism Business, Tourism Marketing, Computer Applications in Tourism, Tour Packaging Management, and Airlines Ticketing.
M.Sc. in Zoology Two Years Parasites and Immunity, Ecological theories and applications, Endocrinology, Comparative Animal Physiology, and Neuroscience.

Skillset Required for Master of Science Courses

Candidates opting for the M.Sc course programs must hold the following skillsets-

  • Research skills
  • Determination
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Observational skills
  • Attention to detail and accuracy
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Patience
  • Scientific skills
  • Determination
  • Analytical skills

Master of Science (M.Sc) Courses

Master of Science Courses Duration

M.Sc. is a two-year-long postgraduate academic program distributed into four semesters. Each semester lasts for six months and covers a list of essential subjects about specialized science subjects.

Master of Science Courses Eligibility Criteria

To pursue any of the specialized courses that fall under the M.Sc program, candidates must have completed their 10+2 level of graduation from a recognized board with a minimum of 55 percent aggregate. However, the minimum total varies from one institution to another.

Master of Science Courses Admission Procedure

An admission procedure is granted for candidates who meet the eligibility criteria for M.Sc course programs. Some universities and institutions provide admissions without an entrance test, based on Personal Interview and academic performance.

Most colleges and universities conduct entrance tests for candidates, and the candidates who clear the admission test will only be given admission for M.Sc course programs.

Entrance Exams for M.Sc

Most university-based entrance examination for M.Sc course programs are-

  • AIIMS Entrance Test
  • IGNOU Entrance Test
  • Osmania University Entrance Exam
  • DUET
  • The Wildlife Institute of India Entrance Exam
  • IIST Entrance Test
  • University of Pune Entrance Exam
  • Banaras Hindu University Entrance Exam
  • Indian School of Mines Entrance Exam
  • TNOU Entrance Exam

Master of Science Courses Fee Structure

The fee structure for the Master of Science course programs ranges from Rs. 20,000/- to Rs. 3 Lakhs per annum. Candidates seeking admissions at governmental universities have a lesser fee amount to that of private institutions.

M.Sc course fees structure may vary as per the university’s prestige, infrastructure, and the faculty and the government and management quotas.

Master of Science Course Program Syllabus and Subjects

The course curriculum for M.Sc course programs, namely Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, and Biology, are tabulated below.

Preparation for M.Sc course programs becomes easy when you prepare prior, enhance accuracy, and problem-solving skills with a better grip on the subjects.

Each M.Sc course program focuses on specific topics and aims to develop a comprehensive and in-depth knowledge base.

The syllabus mentioned below is similar to those followed by the Major colleges in India.


  • Stereochemistry and Reaction Mechanism
  • Physical Chemistry Experiments Lab
  • Spectroscopic Methods in Chemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Instrumental Methods of Analysis Lab
  • Inorganic Chains, Rings, and Clusters
  • Solid State Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Group theory and Quantum Chemistry
  • Inorganic Quantitative Analysis Lab
  • Thermodynamics and Equilibria
  • Qualitative Analysis Lab
  • Synthetic Strategies and Pericyclic Reactions
  • Inorganic Semimicro


  • Topology and Functional Analysis
  • Analytical Mechanics
  • Advanced Functional Analysis
  • Real Analysis
  • Mathematical Statistics
  • Differential Geometry
  • Theory of Optimization
  • Rings and Modules
  • Theory of Approximation and Splines
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Algebra
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Methods of Mathematical Physics
  • Operations Research
  • Group Theory
  • Special Theory of Relativity
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Complex Analysis
  • Number Theory
  • Mechanics
  • Computer Applications


  • Mechanics of Deformable Elastic Solids
  • Modern Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Electronics
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Physics of Semiconductor Devices
  • Quantum and Statistical Physics
  • Crystal Physics
  • Mechanics


  • Methods in Applied Sciences
  • Genes and Genomics
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • Research Methodology and IPR
  • Metabolism and Metabolomics
  • Cell Biology
  • Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
  • Proteins and Proteomics

Master of Science Course Program Subjects


Semester I Semester II
Group theory and Quantum Chemistry Spectroscopic Methods in Chemistry
Inorganic Semimicro Thermodynamics and Equilibria
Inorganic Chains, Rings, and Clusters Elective – I
Instrumental Methods of Analysis Lab Qualitative Analysis Lab
Stereochemistry and Reaction Mechanism Synthetic Strategies and Pericyclic Reactions
Physical Chemistry Experiments Lab Solid State Chemistry and Materials Science
Analytical Chemistry Inorganic Quantitative Analysis Lab
Semester III Semester IV
Spectroscopic Identification of Molecules Industrial Catalysis
Bioorganic, Heterocyclic, and Photochemistry Polymer Science
Organic Qualitative Analysis Lab Elective – IV
Coordination Chemistry Surface Science and Coating Technology
Chemistry of Biomolecules Bioanalytical Chemistry
Elective – II Electives
Bioinorganic and Organometallic Chemistry Medicinal Chemistry
Organic Quantitative Analysis Lab Nano-Chemistry and Technology
Elective – III Project
Electrochemistry and Kinetics Green Chemistry


First Year Syllabus Second Year Syllabus
Numerical Analysis Analytical Mechanics
Group Theory Electromagnetic Theory
Complex Analysis Theory of Optimisation
Mathematical Statistics Number Theory
Computer Applications Theory of Approximation and Splines
Methods of Mathematical Physics Special Theory of Relativity
Mechanics Operations Research
Differential Geometry Rings and Modules
Algebra Advanced Functional Analysis
Topology and Functional Analysis Solid Mechanics
Real Analysis Fluid Mechanics


First Year Syllabus Second Year Syllabus
Electromagnetic Theory I Electronics I
Laboratory Modern Optics
Mathematical Physics Mechanics II Quantum and Statistical
Mechanics of Deformable Elastic Solids Laboratory
Mechanics I- Quantum and Statistical Electromagnetic Theory II and Crystal Physics
Physics of Semiconductor Devices


Semester I Semester II
Cell Biology Methods in Applied Sciences
Genes and Genomics Metabolism and Metabolomics
Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Research Methodology and IPR
Proteins and Proteomics Recombinant DNA Technology
Semester III Semester IV
Research Project Clinical Immunology
Introduction to Pharmacology
Molecular Oncology and Molecular Medicine
Recent Advances in Biology

Have a look at the best M.SC books which are helpful during the Master of Science Course.

Top Institutions Offering Master of Science Courses

A few of the top institutions offering M.Sc course programs are as follows:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • National Institute of Technology, Karnataka
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • National Institute of Technology, Rourkela
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

Also, See:

Master of Science Courses Employment Prospects

M.Sc course programs open doors to a plethora of employment opportunities in both the public and private sectors. Candidates interested in research can opt for doctorate and research programs at various universities and institutions.

M.Sc degree graduates can get employed in various fields like defense, education, public sector, aerospace industries and automotive, technology, healthcare, energy, materials, computing, and information technology.

After the completion of M.Sc course programs, candidates can also pursue higher studies such as M.Phils or Ph.D. courses.

M.Sc in Physics candidates with a good percentage can apply for employment opportunities at NASA.

M.Sc course programs offer multiple employment opportunities in India but also overseas.

Employment Areas

Upon the completion of M.Sc, graduates find placements in both non-traditional and traditional areas of employment such as-

  • Research
  • ONGC
  • Government Sector
  • Teaching
  • NTPC
  • Banks
  • BHEL
  • Railways
  • ISRO
  • Private Sector
  • HPCL

Job Holdings

M.Sc graduates can pursue multiple job profiles depending on the company or institution such as-

  • Professor
  • Lab Technician
  • Researcher and accountant
  • Field Officer
  • Quantitative Developer
  • Research Assistant
  • Manager
  • Statistician
  • Scientist
  • Junior Software Engineer
  • Assistant Professor

Top Recruiters for Master of Science Graduates

Multiple institutions and companies recruit M.Sc graduates from the field of specialized science.

  • Cipla
  • HCL
  • Ranbaxy
  • Oracle
  • GAIL
  • Infosys
  • HDFC
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • ONGC
  • Wipro

Salary and Pay Package of Master of Science Courses

An M.Sc degree graduate fresh in the field earns an average pay package of Rs.25,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month (Rs. 7.95 Lakhs per annum). However, the salary package differs for companies in both private and governmental sectors.

Salaries also depend upon several factors: the company size, location,  working field, sector, qualification, and experience.

FAQ’s on Master of Science Courses

Question 1.
What is the scope of M.Sc course programs?

Job Oriented M.Sc courses are high in-demand, and any candidate can gain a respectable job in this area upon completion with good grades. Candidates can also opt for various specializations in the M.Sc program. Each M.Sc discipline holds excellent opportunities in the field of Medicine, Petrochemical, Chemical, and Polymer industries.

Question 2.
What are a few reference books and study materials for M.Sc course programs?

Reference materials for M.Sc course programs are Inorganic Chemistry by Shriver and Atkins, Zoology – A Complete Guide by Dr. Anita Sehgal, Classical Mechanics by H.Goldstein, Narosa, A Manual of Botany by Bahadur, R Acharik, and Principle of Mathematical Analysis by Walter Rudin.

Question 3.
What are the eligibility requirements to meet for M.Sc course programs?

To pursue any of the specialized courses that fall under the M.Sc program, candidates must have completed their 10+2 level of graduation from a recognized board with a minimum of 55 percent aggregate. However, the minimum total varies from one institution to another.

Question 4.
Name a few entrance examinations for M.Sc course programs?

Most university-based entrance examination for M.Sc course programs are- AIIMS Entrance Test, IGNOU Entrance Test, Osmania University Entrance Exam, DUET, IIT JAM, The Wildlife Institute of India Entrance Exam, IIST Entrance Test, IPU CET, University of Pune Entrance Exam, and more.

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