CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science 2020 | Detailed Syllabus For Class 10 Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science 2020: Class 10 is considered to be one of the most important examinations for every student. Your results in Class 10 board exams determine what stream you are going to choose in your higher secondary. Students appearing for the exam must have a clear knowledge of the Class 10 syllabus for each and every subject. This will help them plan their preparation accordingly and ensure they finish all the chapters and concepts. The Central Board of Secondary and Education (CBSE) designs the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science. Schools which are affiliated to CBSE should follow the prescribed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science by the board of CBSE.

Social Science is one of the most important subjects in Class 10. Students who are preparing for the board examination must be aware of detailed CBSE Syllabus for Social Science. Social Science consists of 4 parts, that is History, Geography, Economics and Political Science. In this article, we will give detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science. Read on to find out everything about CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science

Before getting into the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science, let us see the marks distribution for History, Geography, Economics and Political Science:

No. Units Marks
I India and the Contemporary World – II 20
II Contemporary India – II 20
III Democratic Politics – II 20
IV Understanding Economic Development 20
Total 80

CBSE Class 10 Social Science PDF Download

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science – CBSE Class 10 History Syllabus

The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for SST or History are listed below:

Unit 1 –  India and the Contemporary World – II

  1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:
    • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
    • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
    • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
    • The Making of Germany and Italy
    • Visualizing the Nation
    • Nationalism and Imperialism
  2. Nationalism in India:
  • The First World War, Khilafat and Non -Cooperation
  • Differing Strands within the Movement
  • Towards Civil Disobedience
  • The Sense of Collective Belonging
  1. The Making of a Global World:
    • The Pre-modern world
    • The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914)
    • The Inter war Economy
    • Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era
  2. The Age of Industrialization:
    • Before the Industrial Revolution
    • Hand Labour and Steam Power
    • Industrialization in the colonies
    • Factories Come Up
    • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
    • Market for Goods
  3. Print Culture and the Modern World:
  • The First Printed Books
  • Print Comes to Europe
  • The Print Revolution and its Impact
  • The Reading Mania
  • The Nineteenth Century
  • India and the World of Print
  • Religious Reform and Public Debates
  • New Forms of Publication
  • Print and Censorship

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science – CBSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus

The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for SST or Geography are listed below:

  1. Resources and Development:

 Types of Resources 

  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning in India
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation


  • Soil as a Resource
  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation
  1. Forest and Wildlife
    • Biodiversity or Biological Diversity
    • Flora and Fauna in India
    • Vanishing Forests
    • Asiatic Cheetah: Where did they go?
    • The Himalayan Yew in trouble
    • Conservation of forest and wildlife in India
    • Project Tiger
    • Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources
    • Community and Conservation

Note: The chapter ‘Forest and Wildlife’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

  1. Water Resources:
    • Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management
    • Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management
    • Rainwater Harvesting
  1. Agriculture:
    • Types of farming
    • Cropping Pattern
    • Major Crops
    • Technological and Institutional Reforms
    • Impact of Globalization on Agriculture
  1. Minerals and Energy Resources
    What is a mineral?

    • Mode of occurrence of Minerals
    • Ferron’s and Non-Ferrous Minerals
    • Non-Metallic Minerals
    • Rock Minerals
    • Conservation of Minerals
    • Energy Resources
    • Conventional and Non-Conventional
    • Conservation of Energy Resources
  1. Manufacturing Industries:
    • Importance of manufacturing
    • Contribution of Industry to National Economy
    • Industrial Location
    • Classification of Industries
    • Spatial distribution
    • Industrial pollution and environmental
    • Control of Environmental Degradation
  1. Life Lines of National Economy:
  • Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways
  • Communication
  • International Trade
  • Tourism as a Trade

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science – CBSE Class 10 Democratic Politics Syllabus

  1. Power Sharing:
    • Case Studies of Belgium and Sri Lanka
    • Why power sharing is desirable?
    • Forms of Power Sharing
  1. Federalism:
    • What is Federalism?
    • What make India a Federal Country?
    • How is Federalism practised?
    • Decentralization in India
  1. Democracy and Diversity:
    • Case Studies of Mexico
    • Differences, similarities and divisions
    • Politics of social divisions

Note: The chapter‘ Democracy and Diversity’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in the Board Examination.

  1. Gender, Religion and Caste:
    • Gender and Politics
    • Religion, Communalism and Politics
    • Caste and Politics
  1. Popular Struggles and Movements:
    • Popular Struggles in Nepal and Bolivia
    • Mobilization and Organization
    • Pressure Groups and Movements

Note: The chapter ‘Popular Struggles and Movements’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

  1. Political Parties:
    • Why do we need Political Parties?
    • How many Parties should we have?
    • National Political Parties
    • State Parties
    • Challenges to Political Parties
    • How can Parties be reformed?
  1. Outcomes of Democracy:
    How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?

    • Accountable, responsive and legitimate government
    • Economic growth and development
    • Reduction of inequality and poverty
    • Accommodation of social diversity
    • Dignity and freedom of the citizens
  1. Challenges to Democracy:
    • Thinking about challenges
    • Thinking about Political Reforms
    • Redefining democracy

Note: The chapter  ‘Challenges to Democracy’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science – CBSE Class 10 Economics Syllabus

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development                        

  1. Development:
    • What Development  Promises – Different people different goals
    • Income and other goals
    • National Development
    • How to compare different countries or states?
    • Income and other criteria
    • Public Facilities
    • Sustainability of development
  1. Sectors of the Indian Economy:
    Sectors of Economic Activities

    • Comparing the three sectors
    • Primary, Secondary  and Tertiary Sectors in India
    • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized
    • Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors
  1. Money and Credit:
    • Money as a medium of exchange
    • Modern forms of money
    • Loan activities of Banks
    • Two different credit situations
    • Terms of credit
    • Formal sector credit in India
    • Self Help Groups for the Poor
  1. Globalization and the Indian Economy:
    Production across countries

    • Interlinking production across countries
    • World Trade Organisation
    • Impact of Globalization on India
    • The Struggle for a fair GlobalisationForeign Trade and integration of markets Globalisation
    • Factors that     have   enabled
    • What is globalization?
  2.  Consumer Rights:
    • Note: Chapter 5 ‘Consumer Rights’ to be done as Project Work.            

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science – Project Work

  1. Every student has to compulsorily undertake any one project on the following topics:
  • Consumer Awareness
  • OR
  • Social Issues
  • OR
  • Sustainable Development
  1. Objective: The overall objective of the project work is to help students gain insight and pragmatic understanding of the theme and see all the Social Science disciplines from an interdisciplinary perspective. It should also help in enhancing the Life Skills of the students. Students are expected to apply the Social Science concepts that they have learnt over the years in order to prepare the project report. If required, students may go out for collecting data and use different primary and secondary resources to prepare the project. If possible, various forms of art may be integrated into the project work.
  2. The distribution of marks over different aspects relating to Project Work is as follows:
S. No. Aspects Marks
a. Content accuracy, originality and analysis 2
b. Presentation and creativity 2
c. Viva Voce 1
  1. The projects carried out by the students in different topics should subsequently be shared among themselves through interactive sessions such as exhibitions, panel discussions, etc.
  2. All documents pertaining to assessment under this activity should be meticulously maintained by concerned schools. The Project Report should be handwritten by the students themselves.
  3. Records pertaining to projects (internal assessment) of the students will be maintained for a period of three months from the date of declaration of result for verification at the discretion of Board.  Subjudiced cases, if any or those involving RTI / Grievances may, however, be retained beyond three months.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science – Map Work

  1. HISTORY (Outline Political Map of India)

Chapter – 3 Nationalism in India – (1918 – 1930) for locating and labelling /Identification

  1. Indian National Congress Sessions:
    1. Calcutta (Sep. 1920)
    2. Nagpur (Dec. 1920)
    3. Madras (1927)
  2. Important Centres of Indian National Movement
    1. Champaran (Bihar) – Movement of Indigo Planters
    2. Kheda (Gujrat) – Peasant Satyagrah
    3. Ahmedabad (Gujarat) – Cotton Mill Workers Satyagraha
    4. Amritsar (Punjab) – Jallianwala Bagh Incident
    5. Chauri Chaura (U.P.) – Calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement
    6. Dandi (Gujarat) – Civil Disobedience Movement
  3. GEOGRAPHY (Outline Political Map of India)

Chapter 1: Resources and Development (Identification only)

  1. Major soil Types

Chapter 3: Water Resources (Locating and Labelling) Dams:

a.    Salalb.    Bhakra Nangal

c.    Tehri

d.    Rana Pratap Sagar

e.    Sardar Sarovarf.     Hirakud

g.    Nagarjuna Sagar

h.    Tungabhadra

Note: The chapter ‘Water Resources’ to be assessed in the Periodic Tests only and will not be evaluated in Board Examination.

Chapter 4: Agriculture (Identification only)

  1. Major areas of Rice and Wheat
  2. Largest / Major producer states of Sugarcane, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute

Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources Minerals (Identification only) 

a. Iron Ore mines

•      Mayurbhanj•      Durg

•      Bailadila

b. Coal Mines

 Bellary  Kudremukh
•      Raniganj•      Bokaro

c. Oil Fields

•      Talcher•      Neyveli
•      Digboi•      Naharkatia

•      Mumbai High

•      Bassien•      Kalol

•      Ankaleshwar

Power Plants

(Locating and Labelling only)

  1. Thermal
•      Namrup•      Singrauli

b. Nuclear

 Ramagundam
•      Narora•      Kakrapara •      Tarapur•      Kalpakkam

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries 
(Locating and Labelling Only) Cotton Textile Industries:

a.    Mumbaib.    Indore

c.    Surat

Iron and Steel Plants:

d.    Kanpure.    Coimbatore
a.    Durgapurb.    Bokaro

c.    Jamshedpur

Software Technology Parks:

d.    Bhilaie.    Vijaynagar

f.     Salem

a.    Noidab.    Gandhinagar

c.    Mumbai

d.    Pune


Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy

Major Ports: (Locating and Labelling)

e.    Hyderabadf.     Bengaluru

g.    Chennai

h.    Thiruvananthapuram

a.    Kandlab.    Mumbai

c.    Marmagao

d.    New Mangalore

e.    Kochi

International Airports:

f.     Tuticoring.    Chennai

h.    Vishakhapatnam

i.      Paradip

j.      Haldia

a.    Amritsar (Raja Sansi)b.    Delhi   (Indira             Gandhi


c.    Mumbai (Chhatrapati Shivaji)

d.    Chennai (Meenam Bakkam)e.    Kolkata (Netaji Subhash Chandra


f.     Hyderabad (Rajiv Gandhi)

Note: Items of Locating and Labelling may also be given for Identification.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Social Science | Best Books For CBSE Class 10 Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science – Prescribed Books
1 India and the Contemporary World-II – Published by NCERT
2 Contemporary India-II – Published by NCERT
3 Democratic Politics-II – Published by NCERT
4 Understanding Economic Development – Published by NCERT
5 Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, A text book on Disaster Management – Published by CBSE

Now that you have a clear idea about CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Social Science, finish each and every chapter.

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