Careers in Civil AviationCareers in Civil Aviation: Aviation means – flying mechanically, that is flying by an aircraft. Two important components of the aviation industry are civil or commercial aviation and the military aviation. The Ministry of Civil Aviation formulats national policies and programmes for development and regulation of civil aviation for the overall expansion and growth of the industry and looks after airport facilities, air traffic services and carriage of passengers and goods by air.
Careers in Civil Aviation
Civil air regulations are enforced by the Director-General of Civil Aviation, New Delhi. Airlines, infrastructural department and airports are the major divisions of the civil aviation industry.
Careers in Civil Aviation – The following are the main departments of the airline industry:
The basic function of this department is regular maintenance of the aircraft for safety of invaluable lives and property of the passengers and the crew.
Personal attributes for aeronautical or mechanical Engineer:
Mental alertness, ability to think logically and analytically, and be innovative.
Careers in Civil Aviation – How to enter?
The basic degree required for becoming an aeronautical engineer is a B.E. or B.Tech. Many of the reputed engineering colleges and some of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in India offer degree and post-graduate degree courses in Aeronautical Engineering. Some polytechnics also offer diploma in aeronautical engineering courses.
You must pursue 10t-2 with physics, chemistry and Mathematics. Afterwards, go for degree/diploma programme in aeronautical engineering or mechanical engineering. If regular course does not suit you, you may consider ASI’s Associate Membership Examination, conducted every six months, leading to a qualification equivalent to a Bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering.
Careers in Civil Aviation – Remuneration
An assistant engineer earns Rs. 20,000 to 30000 p.m. approx. Pay hikes depend on his experience and performance.
Careers in Civil Aviation Commercial Wing: It deals with functions like providing attractive facilities for the comfort of passengers, ticketing, fixing up fare, catering, promotion of Zzbusiness etc. There is scope for opportunities at different levels in the Commercial Wing such as Officer, Clerical & Secretarial Staff, Announcers, Air Hostesses, Flight Pursers, etc.
Careers in Civil Aviation Operational Department
It is the key department because responsibility of all flying vocations as well as imparting training to the pilots is entrusted to it. The main functionaries in the department are- Flight Engineer, Air Craft Technicians, Air Hostess, Flight Purser, Pilot Officer. Flight Engineer has to make sure the smooth and efficient operation of the aeroplane. At the time of their appointment, they should be degree holder in aeronautics, mechanical and in electrical engineering. Air Craft Technician deals with maintenance of aircraft, its engines and other related equipments. To be an aircraft technician after 10 + 2, you must have a 3- year Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering.
Job of a Commercial Pilot
Careers in Civil Aviation – A Pilot’s job is highly responsible as he is responsible for safety of the people travelling in the Air Craft, both the passengers and the crew.
National or International opportunities for a pilot exist in the Commercial, Private as well as Public Sector Air Lines/in Defence particularly the Air force. Salary of a pilot is quite attractive. In the beginning, the salary of a pilot is about Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 1.5 lakh p.m. A senior pilot can earn Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh p.m. approx. The earning goes up with experience and seniority.
Medical Fitness Requirement
Medical fitness from – (1) Air Force Central Medical Establishment (CME) Subroto Park, New Delhi : and (2) Institute of Aviation Medicine, Vimanpura, (Bangalore) is required.
How to become a Commercial Pilot
To become a commercial pilot in India, need Student Pilot Licence (SPL) for which you have to take an oral exam, in Air Regulation, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation and Technical subjects. If you have passed Xth class and attained the minimum prescribed age of 16 years, get security clearance and bank guarantee, you are eligible to appear in the oral examination for grant of Student Pilot Licence. This exam, is conducted at Government sponsored Flying Clubs in the country on the first Monday of every month. Further details can be had from any of the Government Sponsored Flying Clubs.
Secondly, it is also imperative to get a Private Pilot Licence which is possible only after you possess the SPL.
Do Check: Careers in Merchant NAVY
Commercial Pilot Licence
You should have passed 10+2 exam with Physics and Mathematics and must be between the age of 18-30 years. You also require PPL with flying experience during the preceding three years. 250 hours of flying (including 60 hours for the PPL) and 190 hours flying is necessary for obtaining a Commercial Pilot Licence. Of course Medical Fitness as mentioned above is also a must, which is held at New Delhi. An examination consisting of Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air- Navigation, Technical, Planning, has to be qualified for obtaining the CPL. Of the 250 hours of flying required as experience, 150 hours should be Solo, 25 Cross country, 10 hours of Instrument Flying and 5 hours Night Flying.
Commercial Helicopter Pilot Licence (CHPL)
You require Private Helicopter Pilot Licence (PHPL). This is given after passing a written exam on subjects related to aviation and 40 hours of flying training out of which 15 hours should be solo. Before you become eligible to get CHPL, you have to complete 60 hours of flying training and pass a written examination. Medical fitness, as prescribed by the authorities, is also a must.
Personal attributes for a commercial pilot are courage to face challenges, ability to stay focused for long hours, physical fitness, mental alertness and ability to take quick decisions.
Remuneration: As a co-pilot, you get a starting salary of around Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 1.5 lakh per month. It keeps on increasing with time and experience. Senior pilots earn Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh per month approx, and the pay package can go up to Rs. 5 lakh per month or even beyond.
Careers in Civil Aviation – Institutes & Courses
Commercial Pilot’s Licence Course & B.Sc. (Aviation)
Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Udan Academy (IGRUA) (An autonomous body under the M/o Civil Aviation, Govt, of India), Fursat Ganj Airfield, Amethi 229302 (U.P.), Ph: 2441144, 2441150, 2441151,
Delhi office-. Admin Block, Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi 110003, Ph: 011- 24615370 www.igrua.gov.in
(a) Courses offered:
Approved Courses: Following Professional Courses, duly approved by Director General of Civil Aviation, Govt, of India are offered to students to avail benefits/subsidy by banks :
(i) Ab-initio to Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) coupled with Instrument and Multi Engine Endorsement along with an option for BSc (Aviation) degree, (ii) Simulator training as per candidates requirements, (iii) Multi Engine endorsement, (iv) Instrument Rating (v) Licence issue/renewal tests and Licence endorsement checks, (vi) Ab-initio to Commercial Pilots Licence (CPL) course for foreign nationals as per Regulatory requirements in their respective countries (vii) Specifically designed training courses for Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard Pilots, (viii) CRM Workshop (ix) Multi-Crew Co-operation (MCC) Course
IGRUA conducts a 214 day CRM Workshop four times every year. The scheduled dates are along with the Instructors Refresher Course.
Applicable fee Rs. 10,000/- per candidate and payable in advance. For registration, please contact Chief Ground Instructor on telephone 0535¬2441147 EXT 117/102 during working hours or download Application form and Email your request to [email protected]
2 Vi day CRM Workshop is the pre-requisite for the MCC Course. The course duration is 10 days and includes : Ground Technical Refresher Training on DA42 aircraft (15 hrs Class Room Training) 10 hrs flying training on DA42 FNPT (preferably in pairs) by an Ex-Airline Instructor
For Ab-initio to CPL course (Ground and flying training for issue of CPL with Multi-engine endorsement and Instrument Rating (IR) on Multi-engine Aircraft) (Duration 15 months)
A Written Entrance Examination at various centres all over India; Pilot Aptitude Test, the interview is conducted. The selection of candidates for Ab-initio (PPL) to CPL Course is done as per merit compiled after Written Test, Pilot Aptitude Test and the Interview. A portion of total Seats are reserved for SC/ST/OBC categories of candidates as per GOI guidelines:
|Ab-initio to CPL||One Paper of 2 hr duration||General English, Maths, Physics and Reasoning (10+2 standar)|
The successful candidates in Written Examination undergo Pilot Aptitude Test and Interview. A merit list is prepared for different categories of candidates as per GOI guidelines and the shortlisted candidates are issued Instructions to join in batches for effective utilization of our resources
Written Test is conducted on all India basis at Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata Lucknow and Mumbai.
(ii) B.Sc. (Aviation):
Candidates can opt for B.Sc (Aviation) Degree from Chatrapati Sahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur which shall be conducted simultaneously with CPL course subject to completion of the prescribed syllabus on aviation subjects, flying and project work. Duration of this course will be 03 years
List Of Dgca Approved Flying Training Organisations
- Academy of Carver Aviation, Near Baramati Airport, Baramati-413133(Maharashtra)
- Aerodrome, Bijasan Road, Indore-452005, Madhya Pradesh
- Ahmedabad Aviation & Aeronautics Ltd., Ahmedabad 38003 (Gujarat)
- Alchemist Aviation Pvt. Ltd., Jamshedpur, Jharkhand-831011
- Amber Aviation Pvt.Ltd., Pant Nagar (UK) Ambitions Flying Club Pvt. Ltd., Dhanipur, Post Panethi, Aligarh-202001 UP
- Asia Pacific Flight Training Academy Ltd., Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad, Hyderabad -500409 (Telangana)
- Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali, Dist. Tonk 304022 (Raj.)
- Bihar Flying Instt., Patna Airport, Patna
- Chimes Aviation, Sagar, (MP)
- Flytech Aviation Academy, West Maredpally. Secunderabad (Telangana)
- Falcon Aviation Academy, Faizabad (UP)
- Govt. Aviation Training Instt., Orissa, Civil Aerodrome, Bhubaneshwar (Odisha)
- Garg Aviation Ltd., Civil Aerodrome, Cantt. Kanpur 208004 (U.P.)
- Govt. Flying Training School, Jakkur, Bangalore. (Kar.)
- Gujarat Flying Club, Vadodara (Gujarat)
- Haryana Institute of Civil Aviation, (Har.)
- Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Udan Akademi, Fursatganj, Dist., Raebareilly, 229302 (U.P.)
- Madhya Pradesh Flying Club, Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport, Civil
- Madhya Pradesh Flying Club, Raja Bhoj Airport, Bhopal (U.P.)
- Nagpur Flying Club, Civil Lines, Nagpur- 110001 (Maha.)
- National Flying Training Institute, Pvt. Ltd, P.O. Paraswada, Gondia, 425 614 (Maha.)
- Orient Flight Aviation Academy, Mysore. (Kar.)
- Patiala Aviation Club, Sangrur Road, Patiala Punjab
- Pioneer Flying Academy Pvt. Ltd, Dhanipur Airport, Post Panethi, Aligarh-202001 (U.P.)
- Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation, Technology, Thiruvanathapuram Kerala State, Sha- Shib Flying Academy, (Guna) (M.P.)
- SKVM’s Flying Academy of Aviation, Campus-Babulde, Mumbai-Agra Road, Shirpur, Dist.-Dhule- 425 405 (Maha)
- Saraswati Aviation Academy, Sultanpur, Amhat Airfield, UP
- Telangana State Aviation Academy, Andhra Pradesh, old Air port, Hyderabad-500011 (Telengana)
- The Bombay Flying Club, Juhu Airport, Santacruz (W), Mumbai Maharashtra Society
- Wings Aviation Pet. Ltd., Adjacent Airport Road, Begumpet, Hyderabad (Telangana)
Some other Training Institutes for Aviation
Science and Technology Courses
NEW DELHI YMCA INSTITUTE FOR CAREER STUDIES
Education Centre, Room No. 8, Gate No. 3 1, Jai Singh Road
New Delhi 110001 (Co-education Institute) Ph: 011-43644028, 43644025, 23360501, Email: [email protected] www.newdelhiymca.in offers Diploma in Travel Tourism & Airport Handling, IATA Foundation Course, PG Diploma in Aviation & Tourism Management, Computer Reservation System, Airlines Travel Agents Personnel, Airport Passenger Handling, Air Travel fares & Ticketing, Tour Manager, Personality Assesment & Development, Foreign Languages: 1-year Diploma in French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese.
SCHOOL OF AERONAUTICS
Delhi Branch & Corporate office:
H-974, Palam Extn. Part I
Near Sector-7, Dwarka
New Delhi 110077
Email: [email protected],
(Approved by D.G. Civil Aviation, Govt, of
India, for AME course) offers B.Tech
(Aeronautical Engineering), Mechatronics
and Aircraft Maintenance Engg..
Scholarship/Stipend for Flying Training
Civil Aviation Department, New Delhi awards Scholarships/Stipend to the Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe candidates selected for Flying Training up to Private Pilot’s Licence (PPL) Standard in various Flying Clubs/Institutes/ Schools.
Eligibility:Minimum Educational Qualifications:
10+2 or equivalent with Mathematics and Physics as subject. Income: Parents’/Guardian’s income not exceeding Rs.44,500/- per annum. Age: Between 17 to 20 years as on 1st April. Nationality: Indian. Number of Scholarships: 40.
Selection: Initial selection of the candidates is made on the basis of their performance in written test to be conducted at the specified Centres in English, General Knowledge, Maths, Physics & Chemistry.
Further information can be had from the office of the Director General of Civil Aviation (Training Section) Technical Centre, Opposite Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi 110003. Ph: 011-24622495 www.dgca.nic.in. Last date: June.
Flight Attendant (Airhostess/Flight or Air Steward)
For making the journey of the passenger’s trouble-free, comfortable and safe a team of flight attendants on board consists of young men as flight pursuers and young women as air hostesses to assist the travellers. They help the passengers to settle down properly, coordinate security personnel, serve meals, take adequate emergency measures, make announcements about weather and places and looks after the sick and travel prone people.
The term used for male counterpart of an air hostess is ‘Flight Pursuer’ or ‘Air Steward’. Their work profile is identical to that of an air hostess. They check the cargo, keep an account of seats, handle duty-free items and serve drinks on board, collect money and help the hostesses to perform their duties efficiently.
Stamina to put up with tremendous hard work and erratic hours that go along with the job; a pleasant personality; ability to work as a team player; good height, skin and eyesight and convincing power.
Pay and Perks
Average salary of a flight attendant initially ranges between Rs. 34,000 approx, per month, excluding perks. These figures may vary from airline to airline. The figures would climb up, depending upon experience and performance. However, there are opportunities of promotion to the rank of Senior Hostess/Steward, Cabin Supervisors, Training Manager as well as to the senior administrative positions.
If you are working in international airlines, your salary could be equal to what a pilot gets after a flight in India as flight attendants working in international airlines, generally get daily allowance in the currency of the respective country. Besides this, flight attendant enjoy lucrative perks too.
Age Limit: In India, 19 is the minimum age requirement for a flight attendant. Airlines have specified the age limit as between 19-27. Educational Background: 10+2/equivalent or graduates (in any subject) are eligible to apply for air hostess training programme. Candidates holding diploma/degree in Hotel Management or Tourism management are preferred. You must possess a passport.
Height: A female flight attendant must have the height of 157.5 cms and the height requirement for male flight attendant is 163 cms. These are the minimum height requirement for Indian airlines. However, it may vary from airline to airline. For instance, minimum height requirement in Indian Airlines is 5’2″ while other airlines demand more height than that.
Airlines want candidate’s weight to be in proportion to his/her height.
Eyesight: Most airlines prefer normal vision or minimum uncorrected distant vision of 6/24 in each eye. Correctable to at least 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in the other eye. If you are aspiring to work as a flight attendant and wear glasses, then switch over to contact lenses as early as possible. Power of your contact lenses should not exceed -2D (Minus Two Diopters).
Candidates who have undergone any eye surgery to improve their vision or to correct colour blindness, are not eligible to apply.
Healthy white teeth are one of the essentials of a good smile. Swimming has become mandatory requirement in all the airlines. Cleanliness – Flight attendant must take good care of their body cleanliness. Voice Quality: Flight attendant must have quality diction, good pace, proper pitch and be enthusiastic in speech so that listeners can easily understand all the spoken words.
A flight attendant must have a good command over English language. Fluency in any other international language is an added advantage but it is not mandatory in India.
Flight attendants have to go through various medical fitness tests.
Selection is done on the basis of a screening test followed by a written test, interview and group discussion. Additional qualification like knowledge of any prominent foreign language, a degree or Diploma in Tourism always adds to your chances of selection.
The job entails booking and confirming reservation for passengers on scheduled airline flights. The ticket agents mainly help and guides the customer in planning the route and other arrangements using time tables, airline schedules, reference guides and tariff books, in short, the ticketing staff provide travel assistance to the clients.
Employment opportunities are available after acquiring a degree or diploma in airline ticketing students get placements in travel agencies and even in airlines.
Excellent communication skills, courteous mannerism and a pleasant personality. These are the basic traits required in this field.
Institutes & Courses
Frankfinn Institute of Air Hostess Training (www.frankfinn.com)
Inflight Air Hostess Training Institute, 0/2, 2nd Floor, Lajpat Nagar II, New Delhi 110034 Ph: 29841351/52, offers (i) 2-year Diploma in Aviation & Hospitality Management (ii) 1-year full time Diploma in Aviation, Hospitality and Management (Air Hostess/Flight Stewards). Selection is made on the basis of Entrance Test in may.
Livewel Aviation Training Academy, C-8, Vishal Enclave, 1st & 2nd Floor, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi 110027, Ph: 011-45671100, www.livewelacademy.com
Note: This is only an indicative list of institutes.