Choose the correct option:
The word ‘Democracy’ comes from the Greek word –
Answer: (b) Demokratia
The head of the government in Nepal is the:
(b) Prime Minister
(d) Vice President
Answer: (a) President
In which case was the real power with external powers and not with the locally elected representatives?
(a) India in Sri Lanka
(b) US in Iraq
(c) USSR in Communist Poland
(d) Both (b) and (c)
Answer: (d) Both (b) and (c)
How many members are elected to the National People’s Congress from all over China?
Answer: (b) 3000
Which party always won elections in Mexico since its independence in 1930 until 2000?
(a) Revolutionary Party
(b) Mexican Revolutionary Party
(c) Institutional Revolutionary Party
(d) Institutional Party
Answer: (c) Institutional Revolutionary Party
When did Zimbabwe attain independence and from whom?
(a) 1970, from Black minority rule
(b) 1880, from White minority rule
(c) 1980, from Americans
(d) 1980, from White minority rule
Answer: (d) 1980, from White minority rule
which of these features is/are necessary to provide the basic rights to the citizens?
(a) Citizens should be free to think
(b) should be free to form associations
(c) Should be free to raise protest
(d) All the above
Answer: (d) All the above
What is Constitutional Law?
(a) Provisions given in the Constitution
(b) Law to make Constitution
(c) Law to set up Constituent Assembly
(d) none of the above
Answer: (a) Provisions given in the Constitution
Some of the drawbacks of democracy is
(a) Instability and delays
(b) corruption and hypocrisy
(c) Politicians fighting among themselves
(d) all the above
Answer: (d) all the above
In which period did China face one of the worst famines that have occurred in the world?
Answer: (b) 1958-61
Democracy improves the quality of decision-making because
(a) Decisions are taken by educated people
(b) Decisions are taken by consultation and discussion
(c) Decisions are taken over a long period of time
(d) All decisions are approved by judiciary
Answer: (b) Decisions are taken by consultation and discussion
The most common form that democracy takes in our time is that of
(a) Limited democracy
(b) representative democracy
(c) Maximum democracy
(d) none of the above
Answer: (b) representative democracy
Which of these is an example of perfect democracy?
(d) None of the above
Answer: (d) None of the above
Read the Cartoon (From the NCERT Textbook)
Look at the Cartoon (From the NCERT textbook on page 25) given below:
This cartoon was drawn when elections were held in Iraq with the presence of US and other foreign powers. What do you think this cartoon is saying? Why is ‘democracy’ written the way it is?
The cartoon is saying that democracy is being set up in Iraq with the help of the US and other foreign powers.
Democracy is being ridiculed in this cartoon. The way the word is written shows that it is not a true democracy because the real power is with some external powers and not with locally elected representatives. This cannot be called people’s rule.
Look at the cartoon (From the NCERT textbook on page 27) given below:
This cartoon was drawn in the context of Latin America. Do you think it applies to the Pakistani situation as well? Think of other countries where this would apply? Does this happen sometimes in our country as well?
The cartoon suggests the scene of booth capturing at gunpoint during elections. Yes, it applies to the Pakistani situation as well. Here, General Pervez Musharraf established army rule and controlled the elected representatives.
This could be applied in countries like China, Iraq, etc. Booth capturing remained an important feature of the Indian elections sometimes ago. But nowadays this rarely happens.
Look at the cartoon (From the NCERT Textbook on page 28) given below:
This cartoon was titled ‘Building Democracy’ and was first published in a Latin American publication. What do moneybags signify here? Could this cartoon be applied to India?
This cartoon suggests that elections cannot be held without money. Different political parties spend a lot of money during election period to win the election. The government also spend money profusely to conduct free and fair election.
Moneybags signify here that money is the real strength in democracy. Without it, it is difficult for a political party to exist or win in the election.
This cartoon can could be applied to India also. Whenever there is an election in the country, money is spent recklessly inspite of EC’s warnings.