Name the 7 union territories of India

Name the 7 union territories of India: A union territory is a sort of organisational division in the Indian Republic. It is not like states, we know that states has their own governments, actually union territories are directly ruled by the Central Government. Therefore, it reflects the name “union territory”. It also qualify the term federal territory. If we dig in history, these union territories were not the parts of pre independent India. As per provisions in our constitution, these parts were actually too small to be made as a state.

Name the 7 union territories of India

In the year 1956, the States Reorganisation Commission recommended creation of a different category for these territories. As these places were neither fitting the model of a state, nor do they follow a uniform pattern when it comes to governance. Union Territories are ruled by Lieutenant Governor who is appointed by the Central government. He represents the President of India. Even though UTs have the opportunity to form respective governments and having a Legislature with elected Members and a Chief Minister (e.g. New Delhi and Puducherry), however their powers are lesser than the governments run by state. The number of Council of Ministers should not exceed 10% of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly. Chief Minister is considered the head of the council of ministers. If there is difference of opinion between the ministers and the Lieutenant Governor, the latter can refer it to the President and act according to the decision given by him.

Currently, we have seven union territories which are as follows:-

  • Chandigarh
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  • Daman and Diu
  • Lakshadweep
  • Puducherry (Pondicherry)
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • National Capital Territory of Delhi (also called Delhi NCR)

Disaster Management Essay

Disaster Management Essay

Please Write an Essay on Disaster Management

Disaster management refers to the response to an emergency. Due to its unique geographical conditions, India is prone to natural disasters. Some of the major natural disasters that India has often faced are floods, landslides, earthquakes, droughts, storms, and so on. Each year, some areas of the country are facing these dire situations and the government is taking steps to manage these disasters.

Due to natural disasters, our country suffers enormous losses of public and private property and many lives are also lost during severe natural disasters.

Let’s look at some of the major natural disasters of recent years in India. These natural disasters were so severe that they affected thousands of people.

1999 – Orissa Cyclone

In 1999, a super cyclone struck the coast of the Indian state of Orissa, killing several people and leaving thousands homeless. The loss of public and private properties was in millions.

2001 – Bhuj Earthquake in Gujarat   

A trembling earth hit the serious condition of the West on India in Gujarat, which was the one of the main quake land registered on the richter scale in the history of the country.

2004 – Tsunami

The states of southern India have faced waves of high-intensity tsunami sweeping the entire coastal region. The tsunami has also severely affected other South Asian countries, leaving thousands of people dead and billions of dollars worth of public and private property damaged and lost.

The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was created by the Indian National Government to respond quickly to disasters caused by nature or otherwise. The National Disaster Management Academy has been equipped with all the tools and training needed to provide disaster relief.

For many years, the National Disaster Management Authority has dealt with natural disasters, but it needs to be regularly updated with modern equipment to handle disaster situations much more effectively.

Why natural disasters happen?

If not all, but some of the natural disasters were due to infrastructure developments. Several jungles have been cut to build cities and industries. The river belts have been modified to ensure that development in the neighboring region is faster. Pollution becomes a major problem that negatively affects the environment. Pollution in the form of solid, liquid and gas harms the environment at an alarming rate. If these development problems are not dealt with tactfully, we will create a serious imbalance in the global environment that will cause global warming and increase the frequency of natural disasters.

Whatever the modernity of our response to natural disasters, if we are unable to create a balance in our environment, we will face the dullness of nature.

In summary, it is important to modernize our response to disaster management by purchasing equipment, training and state or art techniques. However, it will be much wiser to reduce the natural imbalance to reduce natural disasters.

Also, read the Essay on pollution

Define modern farming ?

Define modern farming: The word modern farming means the use of modern technologies, techniques and science for increasing farming productions. Farming is the cultivation of domestic animals, fish, birds, plants, crop etc. for the purpose of food, cloth and other products essential to sustain life. Farming plays an important role in the development of human civilization. Prior to the industrial revolution, most of those people used to do farming for their daily basic needs like food, clothing, and shelter. They had no idea of world marketplace and used to have very low production due to use of traditional farming methods. But now the things have changed.

Development of agriculture and farming technology has greatly increased the farming productivity. Various types of modern farming methods which are used nowadays are agribusiness, intensive farming, organic farming, and sustainable agriculture, etc. Farmers are now able to buy and sell their products in the world markets. With the increased use of pesticides with synthetic nitrogen, mechanization and mined rock phosphate, the crop production has greatly increased. It has channelized green revolution in cereal production like rice, wheat, corn etc. Previously, farmers used to plough to dig the soil. On the other hand, farmers these days use modern equipment like multi facilities tractor to dig the soil. In the past farmers were dependent on natural weather conditions and fertilizers and used to have very low productivity. Now the things have changed, with the use of synthetic fertilizers, high productive breeds, farming productivity has increased a lot. As we all know, world population is increasing rapidly. We need more products like food, cloth etc. which totally depends on farming production. As a result, we need more production in farming which is quite difficult in traditional farming. Hence, modern farming is a must to get more production according to rapid population growth.

What is cultural and educational right

What is cultural and educational right: India is a vast land where we have different races, languages, cultures and castes. Indian people are united by race language and literature, geographical proximity, by history, religion, economic interest and cultural unity. It is essential to protect the interest and identities of the minority in such a country. In India, cultural and educational right means the rights of all sections of society that saves their culture, script or language. The right to constitutional remedies is present for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

What is cultural and educational right?

In our Indian constitution, right to Cultural and Educational Rights preserve under articles 29 and 30. Article 30 of Indian constitution further states that all minority communities (whether religion or linguistic), have the right to start and run educational institutions of their choice. The state shall not discriminate on the grounds of religion or language in providing aid to educational institutes. This article also states that no countrymen shall be deprived of admission into any state-run or aided educational institution on grounds of race, caste, creed, language etc. We can refer to Kerala Education Bill (1958) and The State of Madras vs. Compakam (1951) case in this connection with this right.

What do you mean by public facilities

What do you mean by public facilities?

What do you mean by public facilities: Public facilities are services provided by the government to its citizens. Some of the important public facilities include infrastructure, sanitation, public transport, health care, water, etc. The government’s main objective is to provide these public facilities to citizens and businesses to manage social and economic activities more smoothly. Let’s look at some of the public facilities in India.


Infrastructure includes public roads, bridges, highways, dams and electricity. The government is proposing various initiatives and programs to put this infrastructure in place. The provision of this basic infrastructure ensures the safe movement of people and materials in all regions of the country. India has come a long way in infrastructure development, but much work remains to be done as some remote areas of the country are still not connected to other developed regions.


Sanitation is an important facility that must be planned to create a cleaner environment. Some of the major sanitation facilities include proper disposal of waste, public toilets, purification of chemicals from industries, and hazardous waste management.

Public transport

Good public transportation is an essential facility that allows citizens of the country to travel locally and across the country faster, safer and more affordable. Public transport includes railways, buses, airlines, etc. The connectivity of the different regions of the country between them is taken into consideration when planning public transport. Railways and buses have good connectivity in India however, air connectivity remains a problem for some regions but slowly the situation is improving.

Health care

Health is one of the most important public facilities that must be provided by the government. Planning and implementation of government medical facilities such as hospitals, health centres and affordable drugs should be carried out in all regions of the country. In India, the government has set up civilian hospitals and medical centres in various parts of the country, which provide basic services to advance medical aid to citizens. In addition to this, the government has also set up research and development centres that are constantly working to develop medical solutions for some of the modern diseases.


Water is an essential facility. First, clean water should be available in public water treatment facilities. The canal should be constructed to make water available for agricultural use. Industries also use water as a material for many processes. In addition to providing water, the government should also provide facilities to purify domestic water and treatment facilities to ensure that harmful particles are removed from water from industries.

 What do you mean by public facilities

How does the government provide public facilities?

The government needs funds to provide these basic facilities. To this end, the government collects certain taxes to finance public installation projects. In many cases, the Government of India has partnered with private companies to provide basic facilities to its citizens. This initiative is called the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model where governments help private companies build basic facilities.