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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive (Prose) Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind.

Board CBSE
Textbook NCERT
Class Class 9
Subject English Beehive
Chapter Chapter 4
Chapter Name A Truly Beautiful Mind
Category NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Beehive Chapter 4 A Truly Beautiful Mind

TEXTBOOK EXERCISES
(Page 50)

THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Question 1.
Here are some headings for paragraphs in the text. Write the number(s) of the paragraph(s) for each title against the heading. The first one is done for you.

  1. Einstein’s equation [9]
  2. Einstein meets his future wife ……..
  3. The making of a violinist …….
  4. Mileva and Einstein’s mother …….
  5. A letter that launched the arms race …….
  6. A desk drawer full of ideas ……
  7. Marriage and divorce …….

Answers

  1. 9
  2. 1
  3. 3
  4. 10
  5. 14
  6. 8
  7. 11

Question 2.
Who had these opinions about Einstein ?

  1. He was boring.
  2. He was stupid and would never succeed in life.
  3. He was a freak.

Answers

  1. His playmates.
  2. A headmaster.
  3. His mother.

Question 3.
Explain what the reasons for the following are.

  1. Einstein leaving the school in Munich for good.
  2. Einstein wanting to study in Switzerland rather than in Munich.
  3. Einstein seeing in Mileva an ally.
  4. What do these tell you about Einstein ?

Answers

  1. Einstein did not like the strict order and discipline of the school. He had clashed with the teachers also.
  2. His parents moved to Milan. They left Einstein with their relatives. Einstein convinced his parents to continue his education in Switzerland.
  3. He saw an ally in Mileva because he found her a ‘clever creature’. She was very intelligent also.
  4. These tell that Einstein was not an ordinary boy. He had the qualities that would make him great in future. And this he did show in his discoveries.

Question 4.
What did Einstein call his desk drawer at the patent office ? Why ? (CBSE)

Answer
Einstein called his desk drawer at the patent office as “bureau of theoretical physics’. It was because he was developing his own ideas. The drawer had proofs of his efforts. He had written them on paper and kept them there in it.

Question 5.
Why did Einstein write a letter to Franklin Roosevelt ?

Answer
The Nazis had acquired the technique and knowledge of making an atom bomb. They could develop an atom bomb. It could destroy the whole part of the world if they exploded it. This concern for the world made him write that letter.

Question 6.
How did Einstein react to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ? (CBSE)

Answer
The bomb had caused huge destruction. Einstein was deeply shocked at this. He wrote a public letter to the United Nations to contain the arms race. He had fears that world peace would be disturbed due to these developments.

Question 7.
Why does the world remember Einstein as a ‘world.citizen’ ?

Answer
The world remembers Einstein as a “world citizen’, because he was greatly concerned about the world’s safety. The World was after the arms race. He was worried that the atom bombs could destroy the world if the countries made and exploded them.

Question 8.
Here are some facts from Einstein’s life. Arrange them in chronological order.
[ ] Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.
[ ] He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
[ ] Einstein writes a letter to U.S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.
[ ] Einstein attends a high school in Munich.
[ ] Einstein’s family moves to Milan.
[ ] Einstein is born in the German city of Ulm.
[ ] Einstein joins a university in Zurich, where he meets Mileva.
[ ] Einstein dies.
[ ] He provides a new interpretation of gravity.
[ ] Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.
[ ] He works in a patent office as a technical expert.
[ ] When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United States.

Answers
[1] Einstein is born in the German city of Ulm.
[2] Einstein attends a high school in Munich.
[3] Einstein’s family moves to Milan.
[4] Tired of the school’s regimentation, Einstein withdraws from school.
[5] Einstein joins a University in Zurich where he meets Mileva.
[6] He works in a patent office as a technical expert.
[7] Einstein publishes his special theory of relativity.
[8] He provides a new interpretation of the centre of gravitation.
[9] He is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.
[10] When Hitler comes to power, Einstein leaves Germany for the United States.
[11] Einstein writes a letter to U.S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt and warns against Germany’s building of an atomic bomb.
[12] Einstein dies.

THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
I. Here are some sentences from the story. Choose the word from the brackets which can be substituted for the italicised words in the sentences.
1. A few years later, the marriage faltered, (failed, broke, became weak)
2. Einstein was constantly at odds with people at the university, (on bad terms, in disagreement, unhappy)
3. The newspapers proclaimed his work as “a scientific revolution”, (declared, praised, showed)
4. Einstein got ever more involved in politics, agitating for an end to the arms buildup, (campaigning, fighting, supporting)
5. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled that he left the school for good, (permanently, for his benefit, for a short time)
6. Five years later, the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin had American physicists in an uproar, (in a state of commotion, full of criticism, in a desperate state)
7. Science wasn’t the only thing that appealed to the dashing young man with the walrus moustache, (interested, challenged, worried)

Answers

  1. failed
  2. in disagreement
  3. declared
  4. campaigning
  5. permanently
  6. in a state of commotion
  7. interested.

II. Study the following sentences :

  • Einstein became a gifted amateur violinist, maintaining this skill throughout his life.
  • Letters survive in which they put their affection into words, mixing science with tenderness.

The parts in italics in the above sentences begin with – ing verbs, and are called participial phrases. Participial phrases say something more about the person or thing talked about or the idea expressed by the sentence as a whole. For example :
– Einstein became a gifted amateur violinist. He maintained this skill throughout his life.

Complete the sentences below by filling in the blanks with suitable participial clauses. The information that has to be used in the phrases is provided as a sentence in brackets.

  1. ……., the firefighters finally put out the fire. (They worked round the clock.)
  2. She watched the sunset above the mountain,……….. (She noticed the colours blending softly into one another.)
  3. The excited horse pawed the ground rapidly,…….. (While it neighed continually.)
  4. …….., I found myself in Bangalore, instead of Benaras. (I had taken the wrong train.)
  5. …….., I was desperate to get to the bathroom. (I had not bathed for two days)
  6. The stone steps,……… needed to be replaced. (They were worn down).
  7. The actor received hundreds of letters from his fans, …….. (They asked him to send them his photograph.)

Answers

  1. Working round the clock the firefighters finally put out the fire.
  2. Noticing the colours blending softly into one another she watched the sunset above the mountain.
  3. Neighing continually the excited horse pawed the ground rapidly.
  4. Having taken the wrong train I found myself in Bangalore instead of Benaras.
  5. Having not bathed for two days I was desperate to get to the bathroom.
  6. The stone steps being worn down needed to be replaced.
  7. The actor received hundreds of letters from his fans asking him to send them his photograph.

WRITING NEWSPAPER REPORTS
Here are some notes which you could use to write a report.
21 August 2005 – original handwritten manuscript of Albert Einstein unearthed – by student Rowdy Boeynik in the University of the Netherlands – Boeynik researching papers – papers belonging to an old friend of Einstein – fingerprints of Einstein on these papers – 16- page document dated 1924 – Einstein’s work on this last theory – behaviour of atoms at low temperature – now known as the Bose – Einstein condensation – the manuscript to be kept at Leyden University where Einstein got the Nobel Prize.
Write a report which has four paragraphs, one each on :

  • What was unearthed.
  • Who unearthed it and when.
  • What the document contained.
  • Where it will be kept.

Your report could begin like this :
Student Unearths Einstein Manuscript
21 August 2005. An original handwritten Albert Einstein manuscript has been unearthed at a university in the Netherlands…

Answers
Student Unearths Einstein Manuscript
21 August 2005. An original handwritten Albert Einstein manuscript has been unearthed at a University in the Netherlands.

A student named Rowdy Boeynik was researching papers. These belonged to an old Mend of Einstein. He found the fingerprints of Einstein on these papers. This confirmed that these were of Einstein.

The document contains 16 pages and is dated 1924. It has Einstein’s work on his last theory. It was on the behaviour of atoms at low temperature. Now it is known as the Bose- Einstein Condensation.

The manuscript is to be kept at Leyden University where Einstein got the Nobel Prize.

DICTATION
Your teacher will dictate these paragraphs to you. Write down the paragraphs with correct punctuation marks.
In 1931 Charlie Chaplin invited Albert Einstein, who was visiting Hollywood, to a private screening of his new film, City Lights. As the two men drove into town together, passersby waved and cheered. Chaplin turned to his guest and explained : “The people are applauding you because none of them understands you and applauding me because everybody understands me.

One of Einstein’s colleagues asked him for his telephone number one day. Einstein reached for a telephone directory and looked it up. “You don’t remember your own number ?” the man asked, startled.

“No,” Einstein answered. “Why should I memorise something I can so easily get from a book ?” (In fact, Einstein claimed never to memorise anything which could be looked up in less than two minutes.)

Answer
In 1931 Charlie Chaplin invited Albert Einstein, who was visiting Hollywood, to a private screening of his new film, “City Lights”. As the two men drove into town together, passers-by waved and cheered. Chaplin turned to his guest and explained : “The people are applauding you because none of them understands you and applauding me because everybody understands me.”

One of Einstein’s colleagues asked him for his telephone number one day. Einstein reached for a telephone directory and looked it up. “You don’t remember your own number ?” the man asked, startled.

“No”, Einstein answered. “Why should I memorise something I can so easily get from a book ?” (In fact, Einstein claimed never to memorise anything which could be looked up in less than two minutes.)

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