NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India.
|Subject||English First Flight|
|Chapter Name||Glimpses of India|
ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK
What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?
They are nostalgic about the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread.
Is bread-making still popular in Goa ? How do you know ?
The loaves of bread are still popular. The thud and jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in the morning. It is clear in : The fire in the furnaces has not yet been extinguished …’
What is the baker called ?
The baker is called pader in Goa.
When would the baker come everyday ? Why did the children run to meet him ?
He would come twice a day. The children ran to meet him not for loaves of bread but ‘bread-bangles’.
ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK
Match the following. What is a must
What did the bakers wear
Who invites the comment—‘he is dressed like a pader’ ? Why ?
A person who wears a half pant invites this comment. The half pant reaches just below the knee.
Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded ?
They recorded them on some wall in pencil.
What does a jackfruit-like appearance’ mean ?
It means fat and plumpy like the jackfruit itself.
THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Which of these statements are correct ?
Is bread an important part of Goan life ? How do you know this ?
It is an important part of Goan life. It is clear from marriage gifts, cakes and bolinhas for Christmas etc.
Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following ?
I. In this extract, the author talks about traditional bread-baking during his childhood days. Complete the following table with the help of the clues on the left. Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days.
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||……………………………………..|
|the way the pader sold bread||……………………………………..|
|what the pader wore||……………………………………..|
|when the pader was paid||……………………………………..|
|how the pader looked||……………………………………..|
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||Age-old time-tested furnaces still exist. The fire still bums in them. The baker arrives with the thud and jingle in some places.|
the way the pader sold bread
|He made his musical entry with ‘jhang jhang’ sound with his bamboo staff. He wished ‘Good morning’. Breads were sold in minutes.|
|what the pader wore||It was kabai, a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees.|
|when the pader was paid||He was paid at the end of the month.|
|how the pader looked||He looked fat and plumpy. He wore a shirt and trousers. These were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.|
Author’s Childhood Days
The author remembers well his childhood days. The baker called pader used to come twice a day to sell his bread. He used to make a musical entry with ‘jhang, jhang’ sound with his bamboo staff. He placed his basket on the vertical bamboo. He wished ‘Good morning’ to the lady of the house. He would deliver the bread to the maid. The author as a child would climb a bench or the parapet. He would do so to peep into his basket of loaves of bread. He and other children longed for bread-bangles which were sweet bread of special make.
THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Where is Coorg ?
Coorg or Kodagu is the smallest district of Karnataka. It is midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore.
What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent ? (CBSE 2011)
The story is like this : A part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast. It settled there. Their return was not possible. They married the locals and settled here.
What are some of the things you now know about
I now know about all these things given under (i) to (v) here. All this information is clearly given in the text in the following way :
Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look at the paragraphs indicated)
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Certain words ‘go together’. Such “word friends’ are called collocations. The collocation of a word is ‘the company it keeps’.
For example, look at the paired sentences and phrases below. Which is a common collocation, and which one is odd ? Strike out the odd sentence or phrase.
(a) “How old are you ?” , “How young are you ?”
(b) a pleasant person , a pleasant pillow
(a) a pleasant person
(b) a pleasant pillow
This paired phrase is odd. So it should be struck out.
Here are some nouns from the text.
culture monks surprise experience weather tradition
Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.
unique terrible unforgettable serious ancient wide sudden
(i) culture : unique culture, ancient culture
(ii) monks : _______________________________
(iii) surprise : _______________________________
(iv) experience : _______________________________
(v) weather : _______________________________
(vi) tradition : _______________________________
Students may discuss about the nouns and adjectives collocations at their own levels. The following shall collocate together :
(ii) monks : serious monks, unique monks
(iii) surprise : terrible surprise, sudden surprise
(iv) experience : unique experience, terrible experience, unforgettable experience, wide experience
(v) weather : terrible weather, unique weather
(vi) tradition : unique tradition, ancient tradition.
Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one o^her word that would fit into the blank ?
You may add your own examples to this list.
Some other examples from my side
smooth plains hilly areas/terrains
river beds Tibetan settlements
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Look at these words : upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in).
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.
Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.
over by through out up down
II. Notice how these—ing and—ed adjectives are used.
(a) Chess is an interesting game. I am very interested in chess.
(b) Going trekking in the Himalayas this We are very excited about the trek, summer is an exciting idea ?
(c) Are all your school books this boring ? He was bored as he had no friends there.
The—ing adjectives show the qualities that chess, trekking, or these books have : they cause interest, excitement, or boredom in you. The —ed /—en adjectives show your mental state, or your physical state : how you feel in response to ideas, events or things.
Think of suitable —ing or —ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above.
How would you describe :
Now use the adjectives in the exercise above, as appropriate, to write a paragraph about Coorg.
The description about Coorg was really interesting. It was an invigorating and eye¬opening account of a beautiful place that our country has. I felt excited and thrilled to read that Kodagus are such a martial race. The wildlife and the panoramic view of the entire misty landscape excited and thrilled me. But it was worrying how alone would I go there ? The idea that I might be lost in case I went all alone made me worried. But the idea that I shall see everything about the place thrilled me. It is so thrilling to see this piece of heaven with evergreen forests and spices and coffee plantations. Today, scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea—a fact the Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times, attributing to it numerous medicinal properties.
SPEAKING AND WRITING
1. Read the following passage about tea :
India and tea are so intertwined together that life without the brew is unimaginable. Tea entered our life only in the mid-nineteenth century when the British started plantations in Assam and Daijeeling ! In the beginning though, Indians shunned the drink as they thought it was a poison that led to umpteen diseases. Ironically, tea colonised Britain where it became a part of their social diary and also led to the establishment of numerous tea houses.
Today, scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea—a fact the Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times, attributing to it numerous medicinal properties.
[Source: ‘History : Tea Anytime’, by Ranjit Biswas from Literary Review The Hindu, 1 October, 2006]
Collect information about tea, e.g., its evolution as a drink, its beneficial qualities. You can consult an encyclopedia or visit Internet websites. Then form groups of five and play the following roles : Imagine a meeting of a tea planter, a sales agent, a tea lover (consumer), a physician and a tea-shop owner. Each person in the group has to put forward his/her views about tea. You may use the following words and phrases.
2. You are the sales executive of a famous tea company and you have been asked to draft an advertisement for the product. Draft the advertisement using the information you collected for the role play. You can draw pictures or add photographs and make your advertisement colourful.
1. As desired, students should consult an encyclopaedia. They should visit some Internet sites for getting this information. Then they may form groups and play these roles.
2. The answer to this question is directly connected with the information collected under 1 above. Students may write or draw pictures to draft the suitable advertisement.
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