Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Nationalism in India Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level.
1. Why did Gandhiji organise Satyagraha in 1917 in Kheda district of Gujarat?
(a) To support the plantation workers
(b) To protest against high revenue demand
(c) To support the mill workers to fulfil their demand
(d) To demand loans for the farmers
2. Why was Satyagraha organised in Champaran in 1916?
(a) To oppose the British laws
(b) To oppose the plantation system
(c) To oppose high land revenue
(d) To protest against the oppression of the mill workers
3. Why was the Simon Commission sent to India?
(a) To look into the Indian constitutional matter and suggest reform
(b) To choose members of Indian Council
(c) To settle disputes between the government and the Congress leaders
(d) To set up a government organisation
4. Why was Alluri Sitarama Raju well known?
(a) He led the militant movement of tribal peasants in Andhra Pradesh.
(b) He led a peasant movement in Avadh.
(c) He led a satyagraha movement in Bardoli.
(d) He set up an organisation for the uplifment of the dalits.
5. Why did General Dyer open fire on peaceful crowd in Jallianwalla Bagh? Mark the most important factor.
(a) To punish the Indians
(b) To take revenge for breaking martial laws
(c) To create a feeling of terror and awe in the mind of Indians
(d) To disperse the crowd
6. What kind of movement was launched by the tribal peasants of Gudem Hills in Andhra Pradesh?
(a) Satyagraha Movement
(b) Militant Guerrilla Movement
(c) Non-Violent Movement
(d) None of the above
7. Who among the following two leaders led the Khilafat Movement?
(a) Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali
(b) Gandhiji and Sardar Patel
(c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Abul Kalam Azad
(d) Abul Kalam Azad and Jawaharlal Nehru
8. Why did Gandhiji withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement? [Delhi 2011]
(a) Gandhiji realised that people were losing interest in the movement.
(b) Gandhiji felt that the movement was turning violent in many places.
(c) Some Congress leaders wanted to participate in elections to Provincial Councils.
(d) Some Congress leaders wanted more radical mass agitations.
9. Who were the ‘Sanatanis’?
(d) High-caste Hindus
10. The main problem with the Simon Commission was that:
(a) It was an all British commission.
(b) It was formed in Britain.
(c) It was set up in response to the nationalist movement.
(d) It supported the Muslim League.
11. ‘Hind Swaraj ’ was written by:
(a) Abul Kalam Azad
(ib) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Sardar Patel
(d) Subhas Chandra Bose
12. Why did the Indians oppose the Rowlatt Act?
(a) It introduced the Salt Law.
(b) It increased taxes on land.
(c) It gave the British the power to arrest and detain a person without a trial.
(d) It put a ban on the Congress party.
13. Due to the effect of the Non-Cooperation movement on the plantation workers in Assam, they:
(a) left the plantations and headed home.
(b) went on strike.
(c) destroyed the plantations.
(d) None of these
14. The resolution of Puma Swaraj was adopted at which session?
(a) Karachi Congress
(b) Haripur Congress
(c) Lahore Congress
(d) Lucknow Congress
15. Which one of the following Viceroys announced a vague offer of dominion status for India in October 1929? [All India 2012]
(a) Lord Mount batten
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Irwin
(d) None of these
16. Which of the following was Mahatma Gandhi’s novel method of fighting against the British?
(a) He used violent method of stone pelting.
(b) He used arson to bum down government offices.
(c) He fought with the principle of ‘an eye for i an eye’.
(d) He practised open defiance of law, ; peaceful demonstration, satyagraha and non-violence.
17. What does satyagraha mean? Choose one from j the following options.
(a) ‘Satyagraha’ means use of physical force to inflict pain while fighting.
(b) ‘Satyagraha’ does not inflict pain, it is a : non-violent method of fighting against oppression.
(c) ‘Satyagraha’ means passive resistance and is a weapon of the weak.
(d) ‘Satyagraha’ was a racist method of mass agitation.
18. What was the purpose of imposing the j Rowlatt Act?
(a) The Rowlatt Act forbade the Indians to : qualify for administrative services.
(b) The Rowlatt Act had denied Indians the right to political participation.
(c) The Rowlatt Act imposed additional taxes on Indians who were already groaning under the burden of taxes.
(d) The Rowlatt Act authorised the government to imprison any person i without trial and conviction in a court of j law
19. Where did the brutal ‘Jallianwala Massacre’ j take place?
20. Why did General Dyer order to open fire on a i peaceful demonstration at Jallianwala Bagh? Choose from the given options.
(a) He wanted to show his power.
(b) Firing was ordered because it was an unruly crowd.
(c) Because his object, as he declared later, was to ‘produce a moral effect’ to create fear in the minds of ‘satyagrahis’.
(d) He ordered to fire because he noticed a j sudden unrest in the crowd.
21. Who was the writer of the book ‘Hind Swaraj’?
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) B.R. Ambedkar
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Jawahar Lai Nehru
22. Khilafat Committee was formed in 1919 in the city of
23. The Non-cooperation Khilafat Movement began in
(a) January 1921
(b) February 1922
(c) December 1929
(d) April 1919
24. Which of the following was the reason for calling off the Non-cooperation Movement by Gandhiji?
(a) Pressure from the British Government
(b) Second Round Table Conference
(c) Gandhiji’s arrest
(d) Chauri-Chaura incident
25. Baba Ramchandra, a sanyasi, was the leader of which of the following movements?
(a) Khilafat Movement
(b) Militant Guerrilla Movement of Andhra Pradesh
(c) Peasants’ Movement of Awadh
(d) Plantation Workers’ Movement in Assam
26. Who set up the ‘Oudh Kisan Sabha’?
(a) Alluri Sitaram Raju
(b) Jawahar Lai Nehru and Baba Ramchandra
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru and Shaukat Ali
(d) Mahatma Gandhi
27. Under the presidency of Jawahahar Lai Nehru, the Lahore Congress Session of 1929 formalised the demand of
(a) abolition of Salt Tax
(b) ‘Puma Swaraj’ or complete independence
(c) boycott of Simon Commission
(d) separate electorate for the ‘dalits’
28. The ‘Simon Commission’ was boycotted because
(a) there was no British Member in the Commission.
(b) it demanded separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims.
(c) there was no Indian Member in the Commission.
(d) it favoured the Muslims over the Hindus.
29. A form of demonstration used in the Non-cooperation Movement in which people block the entrance to a shop, factory or office is
30. Who formed the ‘Swaraj Party’ within the Congress?
(a) Jawahar Lai Nehru and Motilal Nehru
(b) Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Jawahar Lai Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose
(d) C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru
31. Who founded the ‘Depressed Classes Association’ in 1930?
(a) Alluri Sitaram Raju
(b) C.R. Das
(c) M.R. Jayakar
(d) Dr B.R. Ambedkar
32. Which party did not boycott the Council elections held in the year 1921?
(a) Swaraj Party
(b) Justice Party
(c) Muslim League
(d) Congress Party
33. What do you mean by the term ‘Begar’l
(a) An Act to prevent plantation workers to leave the tea gardens without permission.
(b) The forced recruitment of soldiers in rural areas during World War I.
(c) Labour that villagers were forced to contribute without any payment.
(d) Refusal to deal and associate with people, or participate in activities as a form of protest.
34. Where did Mahatma Gandhi start his famous ‘Salt March’ on 12th March 1930?
35. Which industrialist attacked colonial control over Indian economy and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement?
(a) Dinshaw Petit
(b) Purshottamdas Thakurdas
(c) Dwarkanath Tagore
(d) Seth Hukumchand
36. Who visualised and depicted the image of ‘Bharat Mata’ through a painting?
(a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
(b) Rabindranath Tagore
(c) Natesa Sastri
(d) Abanindranath Tagore
37. Gandhiji’s march from Sabarmati to Dandi is called the ___________ .
Explanation: Salt March
38. The Depressed Classes Association was formed by ___________ .
Explanation: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
39. The Muslim League was started by ___________ .
Explanation: Muhammad Ali Jinnah
40. The Statutory Commission that arrived in India in 1928 was led by ___________ .
Explanation: John Simon
41. The Swaraj Party was set up by ___________ and ___________ .
Explanation: Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das
42. The Indian tricolor was first designed at the time of ___________ .
Explanation: Swadeshi Movement
43. ___________ presided over the Lahore session of Congress in 1929.
Explanation: Jawaharlal Nehru
44. During the First World War, the Indian Industrialists suffered huge loss. (True/False)
45. Gandhiji’s idea which emphasized truth and non-violence is referred as Swaraj. (True/False)
46. Khilafat Movement was led by the Ali Brothers. (True/False)
47. Baba Ramchandra and JawaharLal Nehru headed Oudh Kisan Sabha. (TVue/False)
48. The term ‘begar’ means homeless labour. (True/False)
49. Alluri Sitarama Raju could perform miracles. (True/False)
50. The four volume collection of Tamil folktales – “The folklore of Southern India” was published by Natesa Sastri. (True/False)
51. Violation of Salt Tax by Gandhi led to the Civil Disobedience Movement. (True/False)
52. Match the columns.
|Column A||Column B|
|(a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay||(i) Depressed Classes Association|
|(b) B.R Ambedkar||(ii) Famous image of Bharat Mata|
|(c) Sir Mohammad Iqbal||(iii) The Folklore of Southern India|
|(d) Abanindranath Tagore||(iv) President of the Muslim League|
|(e) Natesa Sastri||(v) Vande Matrami|
53. Match the columns.
|Column A||Column B|
|(a) Hartal||(i) Refused to deal with or associate with someone or with something|
|(b) Boycott||(ii) To strike off work, a form of demonstration|
|(c) Begar||(iii) Form of salutation|
|(d) Salam||(iv) Deprive some one of the service of washer man|
|(e) Dhobi- bandh||(v) Forced or bonded labour without payment|
54. What was the reaction of Mahatma Gandhi against the Rowlatt Act?
Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch a non-violent satyagraha movement against this act.
55. Why did Mahatma Gandhi call off Rowlatt Satyagraha?
Mahatma Gandhi had to call off Rowlatt Satyagraha due to widespread violence.
56. What does the term Khalifa refer to?
The term Khalifa refers to the spiritual leader of the Muslim community.
57. In which Indian National Congress session, the idea of Khilafat-Non-Cooperation Movement was accepted?
Indian National Congress Session in Calcutta (Kolkata) in September 1920.
58. What was the result of the boycott of foreign goods and textiles during the Non-Cooperation movement?
Production of Indian textile mills increased.
59. What was the outcome of Congress Session at Nagpur in 1920?
The adoption of Non-Cooperation programme was the outcome of Congress session at Nagpur in 1920.
60. Who was Baba Ramchandra?
e was Sanyasi and had been an indentured labour in Fiji. He led the peasants in Awadh.
61. What is meant by begar?
Forced labour without payment is called begar.
62. State the major demands of the peasants who participated in the Non-Cooperation movement.
They demanded reduction of revenue, abolition of beggar and social boycott of oppressive landlords.
63. What did ‘Swaraj’ mean to the plantation workers in Assam?
For the plantation workers in Assam, Swaraj meant retaining a link with their villages.
64. Which act did not permit plantation workers to leave the tea gardens without permission?
Explanation: Inland Emigration Act of 1859
65. Who headed Simon Commission?
Explanation: Sir John Simon
66. At which session of Congress was the resolution of ‘Puma Swaraj’ adopted?
The resolution of ‘Purna Swaraj ’ was adopted at the Lahore Congress Session in December 1929.
67. What was the main motive of the Salt March? [All India 2015]
The British government acquired monopoly rights over salt production and imposed salt tax. Indians were prohibited from collecting or selling salt. Thus, the main motive of the Salt March was to break the salt law.
68. Who led the Civil Disobedience Movement in Peshawar?
Abdul Gaffar Khan, also known as Frontier Gandhi.
69. Name the peasant communities of Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh who were active in Civil Disobedience Movement.
Patidars of Gujarat and Jats of Uttar Pradesh.
70. Name two industrial organisations which were established by Indian merchants and industrialists to protect their business interests.
The two industrial organisations which were established by the Indian merchants and industrialists to protect their business interests were:
(a) The Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920.
(b) The Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in 1927.
71. Why was the congress reluctant to include workers’ demands as part of its straggle?
The congress feared that this would alienate industrialists and divide anti-imperial forces.
We hope the given MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Nationalism in India with Answers will help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India Multiple Choice Questions with Answers, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.
First Flight class 10 NCERT English Book Chapter 1 A Letter to God Chapter 2…
NCERT Books Class 10 Maths: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes…
Class 9 English Workbook Words and Expressions Solutions Words and Expressions Class 9 Solutions Unit…
Class 10 English Workbook Words and Expressions Solutions Words and Expressions Class 10 Solutions Unit…
Trading Courses in India: Trading courses are specially designed for students eager to learn about the…
Animation and Multimedia Courses: In recent years, animation and multimedia courses have experienced tremendous growth.…