Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Economics Chapter 1 Development Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Development MCQs with Answers to know their preparation level.
1. Development of a country can generally be determined by its:
(a) per capita income
(b) average literacy level
(c) health status of its people
(d) none of these
2. Different persons could have different as well as conflicting notions of a country’s development. A fair and just path for all should be achieved. Interpret the concept being discussed here.
(a) Social development
(b) Cultural development
(c) National development
(d) Economic development
3. Countries with higher income are _____________ than others with less income.
(a) Less developed
(b) More developed
(c) Less stronger
(d) More organized
4. Total income of the country divided by its
total population is known as: ‘
(a) Capital Income
(b) National Income
(c) Per capita income
5. Proportion of literate population in the 7 and above age group is called as:
(a) Knowledge rate
(b) Literacy rate
(c) Attendance rate
(d) Excellence Rate
6. Which age group of children is included for calculating Net Attendance Ratio?
7. For calculating Body Mass Index (BMI), weight of the person is divided by the:
(a) Square of the weight
(b) Square of the height
(c) Square root of the height
(d) Square of the sum of height and weight
8. If BMI is less than 18.5 then the person would be considered: v
(a) over weight
(b) long height
(c) under nourished
(d) short height
9. What proportion of the country is over using their groundwater reserves?
10. Resources which will get exhausted after years of use are:
(a) Renewable resources
(b) Non-durable resources
(c) Non-renewable resources
(d) Competing resources
11. What will be the top priority in the developmental goal of a landless labourer?
(a) Expansion of rural banking
(b) More days of work and better wages
(c) Metal roads for transportation
(d) Establishment of a high school
12. What will be the aspiration of an educated urban unemployed youth?
(a) An educated urban unemployed youth will aspire for better opportunities in agriculture.
(b) Support from government at every step in life for his upward movement.
(c) An urban educated unemployed will aspire for good job opportunities where his education can be made use of.
(d) Better facilities of recreation for his leisure time.
13. Pick out the correct meaning listed below to define ‘average income’.
(a) Average income of the country means the total income of the country.
(b) The average income in a country is the income of only employed people.
(c) The average income is the same as per capita income.
(d) The average income includes the value of property held.
14. Which country can be considered as a developed country in the modern world? Select your answer from the following statements.
(a) Countries which have accumulated huge amount of wealth and always secures the future of their citizens. These countries are considered to be developed.
(b) Countries which are among the highest in the ‘Human Development Index’ are considered to be the developed countries.
(c) Only rich countries are considered to be developed because people have money to buy everything needed for human beings—both material and non-material.
(d) Iran is a rich country and therefore it is a developed country.
15. Money cannot buy all the goods and services that we may need to have a good life. A list of things required for a good life is given below. Which among the following are things money cannot buy?
(i) Full protection from infectious diseases
(ii) High quality education
(in) A luxury home
(iv) A pollution-free atmosphere in every part of the country
(a) (i) and(ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i), (ii) and (in)
(d) (i) and (iv)
16. HDI stands for ‘Human Development Index’ that focuses on Fill in the blanks with one of the following options:
(a) life expectancy
(b) gross enrolment ratio for three levels of schooling
(c) national income
(d) All the above
17. Kerala has a low infant mortality rate. What could be the reason? Find the correct answer from the following:
(a) Kerala has a low infant mortality rate because all the girls are trained at the primary level schooling to look after a newborn child.
(b) Because most of the girls are nurses in Kerala.
(c) Because Kerala has very high female literacy rate and adequate health facilities are available for both mothers and children.
(d) Kerala’s good climatic condition helps infants to survive.
18. What would be the most promising source of energy fifty years from now and why?
(a) Petroleum energy, because it is obtained from fossil fuels.
(b) Solar energy, because it is not exhaustible.
(c) Coal based energy, because it is pollution- free.
(d) Forest product based energy, because India has abundant forests.
19. Pick out the cause (from below) that enhances environmental degradation:
(a) Planting of trees.
(b) Prevention of factory wastes getting mixed up with river water.
(c) Ban on use of plastic bags.
(d) Allowing increase in the level of exhaust fumes emitted by cars, buses, trucks, etc.
20. _____________ is a comprehensive term which includes increase in real per capita income, improvement in living standard of people, reduction in poverty, illiteracy, crime rate, etc.
21. _____________ indicates the number of years a new bom is expected to live.
Explanation: Life expectancy at birth
22. The development that should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations is known as _____________ .
Explanation: Sustainable Economic Development
23. _____________ means sustained increase in real per capita income that promotes economic welfare by reducing poverty, unemployment and inequalities in distribution of income.
Explanation: Economic development
24. Two important aspects of our lives other than income are _____________ and _____________ .
Explanation: Equal treatment; freedom
25. _____________ ensures availability of essential commodities like wheat, rice, sugar, edible oils and kerosene, etc. to the consumers through a network of outlets or fair price shops.
Explanation: Public Distribution System (PDS)
26. The two developmental goals of landless rural labourers are _____________ and _____________ .
Explanation: More days of work; better wages
27. The level of efficiency and productivity is low in a _____________ country.
28. Economic development is a wider term as compared to human development. (True/False)
False, as economic development is a narrower term.
29. According to recent World Development Report, countries which had per capita income of US dollar 12236 per annum are rich countries. (True/False)
30. Kerala has low infant mortality rate. (True/False)
31. A decent standard of living is a variable of Human Development Index. (True/False)
32. Longevity implies how long a newborn is expected to live. (True/False)
33. The Human Development Index (HDI) rank of India in the world is 151 as per 2016. (True/False)
False, as the HDI rank of India in the world is 131 as per 2016.
34. What do people need to get more income?
People need regular work, better wages and decent price for crops to get more income.
35. Why do different people have different developmental goals? [CBSE 2018(C)]
Different people have different developmental goals because people have diverse wishes, likes and dislikes, and aspirations.
36. Give any two common developmental goals of the people. [CBSE 2015]
The two common developmental goals of the people are as follows.
(a) Peace and security
(b) Better living conditions
37. State any two goals of development other than income. [CBSE 2018]
The development goals other than income are:-
(a) Good standard of living
(d) Equal treatment and respect
(f) Ample opportunities
38. What does national development refer to?
National development refers to the ability of a county to improve the social welfare of the people. For example, by providing social amenities such as quality education, potable water, transportation, infrastructure and medical care.
39. Why is the total income of countries not used to make comparisons between them?
The total income of the countries is not used to make comparisons between them because the population of different countries is different.
40. Define average income. [CBSE 2015]
Per capita income or average income is calculated by dividing the total income of a country with its population.
41. Besides the size of per capita income, which other property of income is important in comparing two or more countries?
Per capita income is an important but not the only criterion for development. Along with average income, equitable distribution of income in a country should also be considered.
42. Mention any one limitation of per capita income as an indicator of development. [CBSE 2015]
One limitation of per capita income as an indicator of development is that:
(a) Per capita income does not tell us anything about the distribution of income. A poor country with a more equal distribution of income would be better than a richer country with unequal distribution of income.
(b) Per capita income does not measure various facilities and services that influence quality of life, for example, health facilities, education facilities, equal treatment, etc.
(c) It is affected by size of population. Even with a large national income, per capita income will be low if a country has a large population. (any one)
43. Suppose there are 4 families in a country with per capita income of $15,000. The income of 3 families is $10,000, $20,000 and $12,000 respectively. What is the income of the 4th family? [CBSE 2014]
Let the income of the 4th family be x.
∴ The income of the 4th family is $ 18,000.
44. Among Haryana, Kerala and Bihar, which state in India has the least per capita income in 2015-16?
Bihar has recorded the least per capita income in the year 2015-16.
45. Define sex ratio.
The total number of females per thousand males in a country is termed as sex ratio.
46. Define infant mortality rate.
The number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 1000 live children bom in that particular year is known as infant mortality rate.
47. Why does Kerala have low infant mortality rate?
Kerala has low infant mortality rate because it has adequate provisions of basic health and educational facilities.
48. What is net attendance ratio?
Net attendance ratio is the total number of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
49. What does HDI stand for?
HDI stands for Human Development Index. It is a tool developed by the United Nations to measure a country’s overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions.
50. What is Life Expectancy at Birth?
Life Expectancy at Birth is the average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.
51. Name the two neighbour countries of India which have low per capita income than India, yet they are better than India in life expectancy according to Human Development Report 2016.
Explanation: Nepal and Bangladesh.
52. Define sustainable development.
Sustainable development refers to the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of the future generation.
53. Which neighbouring country of India has better performance in terms of human development than India?
Sri Lanka has better performance in terms of human development than India.
54. What are public facilities? Give examples.
Public facilities are the provisions aimed for welfare of masses. Every individual has equal access to such facilities. These facilities cannot be owned or maintained by one individual, nor can an individual use them alone for his/her personal interest. These facilities are required for an overall development of the citizens of a country or an area.
Examples of public facilities are- public transportation and communication, roads, bridges, hospitals, pollution-free environment, etc.
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