New Criminal Laws in India Simplified for UPSC Aspirants

– Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS): Replaces the Indian Penal Code (IPC), introducing new offences and a focus on victim-centric justice.

– Bharatiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS): Replaces the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), altering arrest procedures and detention times.

– Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA): Replaces the Indian Evidence Act, potentially modifying how evidence is presented and accepted.

– Understand the philosophical shift: The new laws prioritize restorative justice and rehabilitation over solely punitive measures.

– Focus on victim-centricity: Be aware of provisions like electronic FIRs and victim participation in case withdrawal decisions.

– Grasp the changes in procedure: Know the revised timelines for arrest and detention under the BNSS.

– Stay updated on potential changes: The BSA might introduce new rules for electronic evidence admissibility.